There are two ways to create colors in a photograph. One method, called addi tive, starts with three basic colors and adds them together to produce some othe r color. The second method, called subtractive, starts with white light (a mixtu re of all colors in the spectrum) and, by taking away some or all other colors, leaves the one desired.
In the additive method, separate colored lights combine to produce various other colors. The three additive primary colors are green, red and blue (each providi ng about onethird of the wavelengths in the total spectrum). Mixed in varying proportions, they can produce all colors. Green and red light mix to produce yel low; red and blue light mix to produce magenta; green and blue mix to produce cy an. When equal parts of all three of these primarycolored beams of light overl ap, the mixture appears white to the eye.
In the subtractive process colors are produced when dye (as in paint or colo r photographic materials) absorbs some wavelengths and so passes on only part of the spectrum .The subtractive primaries are cyan (a bluish green), magenta (a p urplish pink) and yellow; these additive primaries or dyes that absorb red, gree n and blue wavelengths respectively, thus subtracting them from white light. The se dye colors are the complementary colors to the three additive primaries of re d, green, and blue. Properly combined, the subtractive primaries can absorb all colors of light, producing black. But, mixed in varying proportions, they too ca n produce any color in the spectrum.
Whether a particular color is obtained by adding colored lights together or by subtracting some light from the total spectrum. The result looks the same to the eye. The additive process was employed for early color photography. But the subtractive method, while requiring complex chemical techniques, has turned out to be more practical and is the basis of all modern color films.
1 What does the passage mainly discuss?
A. Recent developments in camera technology.
B. How to make white light.
C. The additive and subtractive methods of producing color.
D. The discovery of the spectrum.
2. What color filter would absorb red wavelengths?
3. Which of the following is NOT a pair of additive and subtractive prim ary colors?
A. Yellow and blue.
B. Magenta and green.
C. Black and white.
D. Cyan and red.
4 What explanation is given for the use of the subtractive method in mo dern color films?
A. Subtractive colors are more realistic.
B. The subtractive process is more efficient.
C. Additive chemical techniques are too complex.
D. The additive process is still being developed.