在线词典,在线翻译

耸人听闻:协助人自杀的“尊严”中心

所属:生活杂谈 阅读:2898 次 评论:2 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:作为瑞士两大提供协助自杀服务的组织之一,“尊严”吸引了无数外国游客。文中图片是该组织提供自杀地点的实景图。

The Dignitas centre in Zurich, Switzerland, has courted controversy over the past 10 years to continue its mission of assisting people to end their own lives.  Photographs by David Levene

“尊严”中心

 


Ludwig Minelli, 76, is now famous around the world as the founder of Dignitas, the not-for-profit assisted suicide organisation that has helped 1,032 people to die since 1998

 

“尊严”中心

 


There are established procedures that must be followed in order to receive Minelli’s assistance in securing a swift death with a 15mg dose of a lethal drug. Merely turning up on his doorstep is not the correct way

 


In the months leading up to the death, Minelli and his colleagues repeatedly question whether the individual really wants to die, and set out alternatives to suicide. 'It is quite simple,' Minelli says. 'As long as we are able to help them in the direction of life, we help them in the direction of life.' When this fails, 'we are ready to help them in the other direction'

“尊严”中心

 


This summer the two-storey house in Pf?ffikon was bought for around a €1m (much of it raised by donations from members). A newsletter sent out this month to members has pictures of the site, holiday-brochure style, with alluring captions: 'Beside lies a tiny lake; a little waterfall dabbles'

 

“尊严”中心

 


To enter, guests make their way across wooden decking over a large goldfish pond (which has a tinkling water feature), and then they arrive in a light, open-plan room with a hospital bed in one corner, and a large white sofa in another. Across the hallway is another room with a second bed

 

“尊严”中心

 


The first stage happens at a round table, covered with a yellow tablecloth, where the two Dignitas companions sit with family members and the individual who is ready to die, to discuss the procedure. At this stage, a lot of documents must be signed setting out the desire to die. It is up to the members to decide when they are ready to take an anti-vomiting drug to prepare the stomach, and half an hour later, the lethal drug

 

“尊严”中心

 


People who travel to Switzerland to die with Dignitas are encouraged to come with family and friends, who stay with them as they drink the lethal dose; one person brought 12 friends with him

 

“尊严”中心

 


Beatrice Bucher, a paid member of Dignitas staff who now works in the head office but has been a companion at over 20 deaths. On more than one occasion she has helped people who have changed their mind to return home

“尊严”中心

 


People are encouraged to lie down when they take the lethal drug, because if they die sitting up at the table, their mouth drops open and their body slumps, making it harder for the family to watch the process

“尊严”中心

 


Minelli says: 'Death is the end of our life. After a good life, we should have a good death. A good death, is death without pain, where you can say I had a good life, and I can now go to the other side'

 

位于瑞士苏黎世的“尊严”中心,过去十年来一直延续它协助人们结束性命的使命。所有图片由大卫·莱文(David Levene)拍摄。


76岁的路德维格·米内利(Ludwig Mineli)作为“尊严”的创始人闻名世界。“尊严”是一家非盈利协助自杀组织,自1998年起已协助1032人自杀。


为获得米内利的协助,确保服用15毫克毒药后能迅速死亡,寻死者应遵循既定程序。仅仅出现在他的门口并不是正确的方法。


在走向死亡的几个月里,米内利和他的同事们反复询问求救者是否真的想死,并给他们指出其它方法来取代自杀。米内利说,“这很简单。只要我们能够帮助在生活的方面帮助他们,我们会给予那个方面的帮助。”如果这走不通,“我们已经准备好在其他方面帮助他们。”


今年夏天,这座位于普费菲孔的两层楼房屋花了大约一百万欧元买下来(大部分资金由会员捐助)。这个月,一份做成度假手册风格的简讯小册发给了会员们,小册上有这个地点的图片,附着诱人的旁注:“小湖依依,瀑布溅花。”


进门前,访客们需要走过一排架在硕大的金鱼池上的木板(金鱼池会发出叮咚声),之后他们便来到一间明亮的,开放式平面布置的房间,房间的一角放着一张病床,另一角放着一张宽大的白色沙发。过了走廊,是另一个房间,另一张床。


第一个阶段在一张圆桌举行,桌上盖着黄色的桌布。寻死者与家人还有两名“尊严”陪死会员坐在圆桌旁,讨论相关程序。在这个阶段,需要签署许多表明死亡欲望的文件。由会员们自己决定他们什么时候已准备好服用抗呕吐药物,以做好胃部方面的准备,半个小时后再服用毒药。


“尊严”组织鼓励那些想要前往瑞士寻求和“尊严”成员一起自杀的人携带家人和朋友,当他们饮下毒药时,家人和朋友会和他们呆在一起;曾有人带着12个朋友。


比阿特丽丝·巴赫尔(Beatrice Bucher)是“尊严”组织的雇员,现在在总部工作,已陪过20多场自杀。她不止一次帮助那些改变主意的寻死者回家。


当寻死者喝下毒药时,建议他们躺下,因为如果坐在桌子旁死去,他们的嘴会张开并一头倒地,家人就很难看到他们死去的过程。


米内利说:“死亡是我们生命的终点。在一段美好的人生过后,我们应该拥有美好的死亡。所谓美好的死亡,就是没有任何痛苦地死去,死时,你能够说出,我已经拥有美好的人生,我现在能去另一个世界。”

 

 

6
2011-04-01 15:37 编辑:kuaileyingyu
分享到:
关注海词微博:
发表评论:
表达一些您的想法吧!已有2条评论>>
登录,再发表评论
文明上网,理性发言!
最新评论:
您可能还感兴趣的文章:
>>精华推荐阅读
热门评论文章