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2011年1月GMAT作文机经AA(至1.4)(一)

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 1:The following is part of a business plan created by the management of the Megamart grocery store.
  “Our total sales have increased this year by 20 percent since we added a pharmacy section to our grocery store. Clearly, the customer’s main concern is the convenience afforded by one-stop shopping. The surest way to increase our profits over the next couple of years, therefore, is to add a clothing department along with an automotive supplies and repair shop. We should also plan to continue adding new departments and services, such as a restaurant and a garden shop, in subsequent years. Being the only store in the area that offers such a range of services will give us a competitive advantage over other local stores.”
  题库号码:44
  提纲:
  1. 总体销售额增加20%利润不一定也会相应增加
  2. 销售额的增加不一定是由于增加了这个部门造成的
  3. 以后是否还会有如此效果不一定。因为可能已经有企业提供更专业更优质的商品和服务。
  1. 没有建立因果。sequence不能证明因果。不知道收入来自哪个section. 很可能是有其他的原因:很可能是pharmacy没有利润。利润来自其他的部分。比如食品等,质量提高,或者经济情况好,人们有更多的demand。
  2. 销售额增加不一定是profit增加。
  3. 错误类比:就算加入了pharmacy引起了收入提高,也不能说增加的clothing和其他也会引起收入。很可能人们不是因为convenience,而是对medicine的需要。很可能其他的,人们更愿意到special shops。


  2:The following appeared as part of an article in the education section of a Waymarsh City newspaper.
  “Throughout the last two decades, those who earned graduate degrees found it very difficult to get jobs teaching their academic specialties at the college level. Those with graduate degrees from Waymarsh University had an especially hard time finding such jobs. But better times are coming in the next decade for all academic job seekers, including those from Waymarsh. Demographic trends indicate that an increasing number of people will be reaching college age over the next ten years; consequently, we can expect that the job market will improve dramatically for people seeking college-level teaching positions in their fields.”
  题库号码:16
  提纲:
  1. 适龄人口增加不一定上大学人数就一定增加
  2. 就算上大学人数增加需要的大学老师也不一定增加
  3. 就算需要的老师增加,waymarsh的就业也不见得会水涨船高.
  1, 人口增加也不一定都上大学。很可能都选择了就业。
  2, even if we grant the preceding assumption上大学的人多了不一定需要更多老师,很可能大学通过增大一个班人数的方式,保持原有老师数;
  3, 就算需要GRADUATED DEGREE的人,也不代表W也会benefit from this trend,缺少信息,它可能是一个质量不好的大学,学校不会从这里的人中挑选。foretold regarding the employability

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2011-03-23 23:45 编辑:vivi123
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