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成为领导的必要条件

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小编摘要:领导的方式有两种。第一种,也就是到目前为止最有效的一种,即在部下的理解与支持下领导。第二种领导是强迫性的,得不到部下的理解与支持。




要做一位领导者,必须具备下列条件:
The following are important factors of leadership:?
一、在对自己的职业具有深刻认识的基础上,满怀自信和勇气。没有一位追随者愿意被一位缺乏自信与勇气的领袖所支配。这种领袖不可能长期支配聪明的追随者。
1. UNWAVERING COURAGE based upon knowledge of self, and of one's occupation. No follower wishes to be dominated by a leader who lacks self-confidence and courage. No intelligent follower will be dominated by such a leader very long.
二、自制。不能控制自己的人,是没有能力控制别人的。自制是为追院者树立领袖榜样,以引起追随者的效仿。
2. SELF-CONTROL. The man who cannot control himself, can never control others. Self-control sets a mighty example for one's followers, which the more intelligent will emulate.
三、正义感。如果一位领袖没有公平与正义感,就不可能指挥追随者,并保持追随者对他的尊敬。
3. A KEEN SENSE OF JUSTICE. Without a sense of fairness and justice, no leader can command and retain the respect of his followers.
四、迅速的决策。作决策时犹豫不决的人,表示他对自己缺乏信心,因此不可能成功地领导别人。
4. DEFINITENESS OF DECISION. The man who wavers in his decisions, shows that he is not sure of himself. He cannot lead others successfully.
五、明确的计划。成功的领袖必须对他的目标有明确的计划,没有可行的明确的计划,就好比没有舵的船,迟早要撞上礁石的。
5. DEFINITENESS OF PLANS. The successful leader must plan his work, and work his plan. A leader who moves by guesswork, without practical, definite plans, is comparable to a ship without a rudder. Sooner or later he will land on the rocks.
六、加倍工作。做领袖的人必须付出的代价,就是比他的部下做更多的工作。
6. THE HABIT OF DOING MORE THAN PAID FOR. One of the penalties of leadership is the necessity of willingness, upon the part of the leader, to do more than he requires of his followers.
七、迷人的个性。一个做事马虎、生性冷漠的人,不可能成为成功领袖。的领袖需要被人尊敬,因而他必须具备迷人的品性。
7. A PLEASING PERSONALITY. No slovenly, careless person can become a successful leader. Leadership calls for respect. Followers will not respect a leader who does not grade high on all of the factors of a Pleasing Personality.
八、同情与谅解。成功的领袖必须同情他的追随者,为此他必须了解下属及其他人所面临的问题。
8. SYMPATHY AND UNDERSTANDING. The successful leader must be in sympathy with his followers. Moreover, he must understand them and their problems.
九、精通专业。成功的领导者对自己所领导的专业要精通。
9. MASTERY OF DETAIL. Successful leadership calls for mastery of details of the leader's position.
十、愿意承担全部责任。成功的领袖必须愿意对他的追随者的错误负责。如果他想推诿责任的话,他就不够资格做一个领袖。追随者犯了错误并显示出其无能之处时,领袖必须认为这是自己的错误。
10. WILLINGNESS TO ASSUME FULL RESPONSIBILITY. The successful leader must be willing to assume responsibility for the mistakes and the shortcomings of his followers. If he tries to shift this responsibility, he will not remain the leader. If one of his followers makes a mistake, and shows himself incompetent, the leader must consider that it is he who failed.
十一、合作原则。成功的领袖必须了解和运用合作原则,并教育他的部下也这样去做。领导需要权力,而权力需要合作。
11. COOPERATION. The successful leader must understand, and apply the principle of cooperative effort and be able to induce his followers to do the same.Leadership calls for POWER, and power calls for COOPERATION.
领导的方式有两种。第一种,也就是到目前为止最有效的一种,即在部下的理解与支持下领导。第二种领导是强迫性的,得不到部下的理解与支持。
There are two forms of Leadership. The first, and by far the most effective, is LEADERSHIP BY CONSENT of, and with the sympathy of the followers. The second is LEADERSHIP BY FORCE, without the consent and sympathy of the followers.
历史上关于强迫性的领导不能持久的证据很多。独裁者与国王们的垮台与消失,就清醒地表明了人民不会无限期地接受强迫性的领导。
History is filled with evidences that Leadership by Force cannot endure. The downfall and disappearance of "Dictators" and kings is significant. It means that people will not follow forced leadership indefinitely. The world has just entered a new era of relationship between leaders and followers, which very clearly calls for new leaders, and a new brand of leadership in business and industry. Those who belong to the old school of leadership-by-force, must acquire an understanding of the new brand of leadership (cooperation) or be relegated to the rank and file of the followers. There is no other way out for them.The relationship of employer and employee, or of leader and follower, in the future, will be one of mutual cooperation, based upon an equitable division of the profits of business. In the future, the relationship of employer and employee will be more like a partnership than it has been in the past.
拿破仑、墨索里尼、希特勒是强迫性领导的典型例子。他们的失败就表明,许多人也许会服从一时的强迫性领导,但他们的服从是不甘心的。
Napoleon, Kaiser Wilhelm of Germany, the Czar of Russia, and the King of Spain were examples of leadership by force. Their leadership passed. Without much difficulty, one might point to the prototypes of these ex-leaders, among the business, financial, and labor leaders of America who have been dethroned or slated to go. Leadership-by-consent of the followers is the only brand which can endure!
新的领导方法,应该包括本章所述的11 项原则。凡是将这些原则作为领导基础的人,在任何一种行业里都会得到做领导的机会。
Men may follow the forced leadership temporarily, but they will not do so willingly.The new brand of LEADERSHIP will embrace the eleven factors of leadership, described in this chapter, as well as some other factors. The man who makes these the basis of his leadership, will find abundant opportunity to lead in any walk of life. The depression was prolonged, largely, because the world lacked LEADERSHIP of the new brand. At the end of the depression, the demand for leaders who are competent to apply the new methods of leadership has greatly exceeded the supply. Some of the old type of leaders will reform and adapt themselves to the new brand of leadership, but generally speaking, the world will have to look for new timber for its leadership. This necessity may be your OPPORTUNITY!
标签:领导 条件
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2011-03-01 13:59 编辑:kuaileyingyu
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