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2011年专八改错练习及详解(八)

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小编摘要:离专八考试时间越来越近了,海词网为备考同学精心准备了专八改错练习,并附有答案解析,祝愿同学们能考出好成绩。

One of our main arguments is that we in Western countries actually have part to play in causing the __1__
problems of the Third World. Many Third World
countries are saddle with immense debt burdens, for __2__
example. They were lent money with low interest rates __3__
in the 1970s, when money flooded into Western banks
from the oil-producing countries and was lent out to
the Third World. The interest rates have then been risen __4__
dramatically. So you have a situation where a country
in many cases can’t even repay the interest, letting alone __5__
the capital, on the debt. And I suppose the best example
from what I have come across is a country in West
Africa where the consumption, the local consumption
of peanuts was banned, because peanuts, if they are
imported can bring in a great deal of foreign income. __6__
The peanut is a major source of protein in this country.
So you have people go hungry as a result of that. __7__
The peanuts were exported to Great Britain and the
United States to feed our cattle. Those cattle then produced
a surplus of milk which we do not know what to do with.
We have enough milk, more milk than we can
cope with in the Western World. And also that milk __8__
was transformed into dried milk powder and then taken
back to this country to help feed children who were
suffering from malnutrition. So that’s the kind of insanely __9__
economic relationship that we have got ourselves in __10__
the Third World.

 

参考答案及解析:
1.在part前加上a
词组have a part to play in…的意思是“有份儿”

2.saddle改为saddled
此处为被动语态,应该把动词变为过去分词形式。

3.把with改为at
此处介词与interest rates搭配。

4.删除been(这里应该是把risen改为rising,答案应该错了)
rise是不及物动词,不用于被动语态。

5.把letting改为let
let alone 意思为“更不用提”。

6.把imported改为exported
下文说花生可以带来外汇收益,出口才会带来外汇,所以此处应用exported。

7.把have改为had
上文提到该国禁止本国消费花生这件事用的是过去时。

8.把also改为so。
必须把与此相关的几个句子联系在一起理解,上文说:花生出口到英国和美国去喂了牛,而牛又产出了过剩的牛奶,我们不知道怎么处理这些牛奶。在西方世界,我们的牛奶够多了,多得无法处理。本句说:这些牛奶就被制成奶粉拿到该国去喂养那些营养不良的儿童。由此可见本句与上文是因果关系,不能用also来连接。

9.insanely改为insane
此处表达“荒唐的经济关系”insane修饰的是relationship,而非economic,因此要用形容词代替。

10.把in改为into
词组get in 虽然也可以表达“ 进入,陷入”,但是in为副词,后面不能跟地点,所以应该改为into

1
2011-02-17 11:37 编辑:juliatt
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