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计算机犯罪:如何化信息为金钱

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小编摘要:英国经济每年都会遭到计算机犯罪的破坏,损失多达数十亿。最新研究表明,每一团伙窃取公司网络资料多达总数的三分之一以上。

Cyber criminals are responsible for billions of pounds of damage to the UK economy each year, and according to new research just one gang is responsible for more than a third of data thefts from company networks.

Most data heists target financial information, which feeds a complex criminal enterprise. Here we describe the main players.

The coders - expert computer hackers who discover software vulnerabilities and create viruses. This can be under contract for a gang, for their own use, to be sold online to other cyber criminals.

The carders - verifyers and traders of stolen credit card details. They can be lone teenage scammers, or working for huge criminal networks. Carders typically meet on underground online forums where the stolen details of a single credit card or bank account can change hands for less than £1.

The money mules - employed by the gangs for the high-risk job of turning stolen credit card details into cash. They are sent to cash points and shops, often in jurisidictions with weak law enforcement, with duplicate cards.

The bosses - crime kingpins. At the high end they frequently have interests in other areas of organised crime such as drugs and human trafficking. They employ coders, carders and mules as part of their cyber crime empires, and receive the majority of the profits.


英国经济每年都会遭到计算机犯罪的破坏,损失多达数十亿。最新研究表明,每一团伙窃取公司网络资料多达总数的三分之一以上。

失窃信息多数是金融财政信息,从而催生了庞大复杂的犯罪集团。这里我们介绍主要的犯罪主体。

程序编码员——电脑黑客一旦发现软件漏洞,就会编写病毒程序。黑客这么做有几种原因:有的是和黑帮有协议,有的是黑客留作自用,也有的是贩给别的计算机犯罪分子。

信用卡贩子——专门检验、贩卖失窃信用卡。这些人有的是独立作案的诈骗分子,只有十几岁,也有的为大型犯罪集团卖命。信用卡贩子在地下网络论坛碰头,转手各种信用卡银行账户,转手费不到1英镑。

钱骡——这些人受雇于黑帮,将失窃信用卡信息转变成现金,工作风险大。他们会选择现金兑现点和各种商店,尤其是司法、执法薄弱的地方,用信用卡复本操作。

老大——犯罪头目,地位很高,同时通过贩毒、贩卖人口获取利润。他们会雇佣程序员、信用卡贩子和钱骡,让他们为犯罪帝国卖命,而利润大头都被老大们获取。
标签:计算机 犯罪
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2011-02-01 20:53 编辑:kuaileyingyu
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