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奥斯卡颁奖盛宴

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小编摘要:作为美国电影界的年度总结性风向标之一,奥斯卡奖一直牵动着全球千万影迷的目光。它的颁奖典礼也已不再是发发奖杯那么简单了,而是成了一场明星争奇斗艳、施展十八般技能的盛会。那么,奥斯卡奖及其历届颁奖礼都有哪

What’s the Academy Award?

The Academy Award (informally known as the Oscar) is an accolade by the American Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to recognize excellence of professionals in the film industry, including directors, actors, and writers. The formal ceremony at which the awards are presented is one of the most prominent award ceremonies in the world and is televised live in more than 200 countries annually. It is also the oldest award ceremony in the media; its equivalents, the Grammy Awards (for music), Emmy Awards (for television), and Tony Awards (for theatre) are modeled after the Academy.

History of the Academy Awards

Far from the eagerly anticipated and globally televised event it is today, the first Academy Awards ceremony took place out of the public eye during an Academy banquet at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel. Two hundred seventy people attended the May 16, 1929 dinner in the hotel’s Blossom Room and guest tickets cost $5. It was a long affair filled with speeches, but Academy President Douglas Fairbanks made quick work of handing out the statuettes.

There was little suspense when the awards were presented that night: the recipients had already been announced three months earlier. That all changed the following year, however, when the Academy decided to keep the results secret until the ceremony but gave a list in advance to newspapers for publication at 11 pm on the night of the Awards. This policy continued until 1940 when, much to the Academy’s consternation, the Los Angeles Times broke the embargo and published the names of the winners in its evening edition—which was readily available to guests arriving for the ceremony. That prompted the Academy in 1941 to adopt the sealed-envelope system still in use today. The first presentation was the only one to escape a media audience; by the second year, enthusiasm for the Awards was such that a Los Angeles radio station produced a live one-hour broadcast of the event. The ceremony has been broadcast ever since.

The Academy continued to hand out the awards at banquets—held at the Ambassador and Biltmore hotels—until 1942, when increased attendance made these dinner ceremonies impractical. Starting with the 16th Oscar ceremony, which was held at Grauman’s Chinese Theatre in Hollywood, the event has always been held at a theater. In 1953, the first televised Oscar ceremony enabled millions throughout the United States and Canada to watch the proceedings. Broadcasting in color began in 1966, affording home viewers a chance to fully experience the dazzling allure of the event. Since 1969, the Oscar show has been broadcast internationally, now reaching movie fans in over 200 countries.

何为奥斯卡奖?

学院奖(也就是俗称的奥斯卡奖)是美国电影艺术与科学学院(简称AMPAS)颁发的一项荣誉,用于表彰成就卓越的影业人士,包括导演、演员和编剧。场面隆重的奥斯卡颁奖典礼是全球最负盛名的颁奖仪式之一,每年都会有两百多个国家对它进行电视直播。它也是传媒界最古老的颁奖典礼,格莱美奖(音乐奖项)、艾美奖(电视剧集奖项)和托尼奖(戏剧奖项)与奥斯卡奖性质相似,它们都是奥斯卡颁奖典礼的翻版。

历史回放

今天的学院奖颁奖典礼是一项万众瞩目的盛事,全球各地都会对它进行电视转播。不过,第一届颁奖礼却远离公众的视线,是在好莱坞罗斯福饭店的学院宴会上举行的。1929年5月16日,总共有两百七十人出席了在罗斯福饭店百花厅举办的颁奖礼晚宴,门票票价5美元。那场典礼十分拖沓,讲话一个接着一个,而学院院长道格拉斯?费尔班克斯在颁发小人像的时候倒是干脆利落。

那晚的颁奖礼没有任何悬念:获奖者名单早在三个月之前就已经公布了。不过,接下来的那一年,学院决定在颁奖之前对评选结果进行保密,要到颁奖当晚11点才会将名单提前发给报社以备刊登。这一政策一直延续到了1940年,那时候,《洛杉矶时报》打破了学院的禁令,在报纸的晚间版上刊登了获奖名单——前来参加典礼的嘉宾们都可以看到。此举令学院措手不及,促使其在1941年采用了密封信封的制度,并一直沿用至今。

第一届颁奖仪式是唯一一届避开了媒体目光的典礼;颁奖典礼进入第二年的时候,人们对它已是热情高涨,洛杉矶的一家电台由此进行了长达一小时的直播。从那以后,每一届颁奖典礼都有直播。

1942年以前的学院奖都是在宴会上颁发的,地点往往是大使酒店或比尔特莫酒店。逐年增长的参加人数让晚宴式的典礼变得很难操作,于是第16届奥斯卡颁奖礼便挪到了好莱坞的格劳曼中国剧院。从那以后,这一盛事的举办地点通常都是剧院。

1953年,奥斯卡颁奖礼第一次登上荧屏,美国和加拿大的数百万名观众由此得以目睹典礼的全过程。1966年的彩色电视画面让电视机前的观众们对这一流光溢彩的盛会有了身临其境的感受。从1969年起,奥斯卡颁奖礼的电视画面走出了美国国门。目前,全球200多个国家的影迷都可以看到典礼的盛况。
标签:奥斯卡 盛宴
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2011-01-28 14:06 编辑:kuaileyingyu
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