在线词典,在线翻译

未来的办公室将是何种面貌?

所属:生活杂谈 阅读:1901 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:办公室的性质正在不断发生变化,将虚拟办公室和实体办公室结合起来并达到平衡,可为各公司带来丰厚回报。

Unless you have been on vacation for the past few years, you are probably aware that the workplace as we know it is rapidly changing. The 9-to-5 grind spent in an "official" office is giving way to the virtual work environment; the at-my-desk-by-8:59 is becoming the on-my-Blackberry 24/7, and the Starbucks coffee break has become the Starbucks "home" office.

This isn't necessarily a bad thing. Businesses can capitalize on the evolving nature of the office by striking a balance that combines virtual and physical work and space. This could ultimately increase productivity and lower costs without sacrificing company culture or individual motivation.

Information technology has turned the assumptions of where work happens and the role of buildings inside out. Innovative corporate leaders have already recognized that technology allows their employees to be mobile, to work with colleagues remotely and across time zones, and to get work done in a variety of settings both inside and outside of the traditional office. These businesses have saved money, increased work flexibility, and made the best use of their real estate. And these new flexible workplaces are also providing gains in worker productivity.

Today, companies are increasingly focusing on the predicament of how to help employees concentrate and get work done -- which is traditionally thought to require an enclosed office space -- while also allowing for the significant benefits of open and flexible office environments, including creativity, knowledge, teamwork and coordination. We know that open environments can inhibit work; we also know that they can promote interaction and knowledge sharing.

So what is the solution? Enter the hybrid workplace.

Hybrid environments provide a mix of enclosed and open work spaces that are available for users to occupy on an as-needed basis.

The mobility we now have allows individuals to choose how and where they work best. A flexible work environment can balance the needs for individual work with the need for interaction. The advent of untethered technology and mobile ways of using space has all but eliminated the challenge of deciding between openness versus enclosure when designing a workplace.

Hybrid work spaces offer both open and closed environments that can be useful in a variety of ways. In a hybrid workplace, employees have the option of working individually in a quiet space or working with their colleagues in open, collaborative team areas or rooms. Furthermore, the hybrid workplace can take advantage of technology to combine face-to-face and virtual collaboration -- both within the office and remotely.

Cisco's (CSCO) McCarthy Ranch campus in Milpitas, Calif. has gone the way of the hybrid workplace. Hundreds of mobile workers who use the campus have access to eight different kinds of unassigned work spaces: workstations, touchdown spaces, privacy rooms, focus booths, open project spaces, team rooms, lounges and dens. The spaces support many different kinds of virtual collaboration using IP technology and audio and video conferencing.

And Cisco is far from alone. As reported in the New York Times today, companies like Intel (INTC) and Deloitte are using similar strategies to make the office space they have more flexible.

What is on the horizon for the workplace? It's fair to expect the following:

? Continuous change in the way workers collaborate brought on by new technology

? New cultural norms and protocols for virtual working

? More opportunities to plan for shared work spaces with third party organizations, like incubators and coop workspace providers

? New demands for cities and city governments to create space to support new ways of working

All of these changes will present challenges to the way in which workplaces are designed and built by developers, architects, landlords and suppliers of all kinds.

The assumption that virtual communication and remote work environments will entirely replace the need to physically gather people together is flawed. The richness of face-to-face communication allows for fast paced and ad hoc interactions, which help to speed up decision making and information flow in ways that have not yet been fully matched by purely virtual work environments.

At the same time, traditional work environments are becoming increasingly unproductive and will soon be outmoded among the leading corporations, if they aren't already. The hybrid workplace is the future and will be essential for businesses looking to stay ahead.


除非过去几年中你一直在度假,否则你可能已经意识到,我们所熟知的办公室正在飞速转变。在一间“正式”办公室朝九晚五地上班,正在被虚拟的工作环境所取代。8点59分坐到办公桌边正在变成“黑莓在手,全天无休”,而星巴克的“咖啡间歇”也已变成星巴克“居家”办公室。

这种变化不一定是坏事。办公室的性质正在不断发生变化,将虚拟办公室和实体办公室结合起来并达成平衡,可为各公司带来丰厚回报。最终,无须牺牲公司文化或个人积极性,就能提高工作效率并降低成本。

随着信息技术的发展,对工作地点及办公楼角色的基本认识已经发生了彻底变化。富有创新精神的公司领导层已经认识到,信息技术使得公司员工可以移动办公,与同事进行远程、跨时区协作,并且,无论在传统意义上的办公室之内还是其它各种环境中,都能完成工作。这么做的公司已节约了大笔开支,增强了工作的灵活性,并且让其办公室发挥了最大作用。同时,各种灵活多样的办公场所也使员工的工作效率得到提升。

传统上认为,一个封闭的办公空间才能让员工集中精力完成工作,而开放灵活的办公环境则能带来诸如创造力、知识、团队精神和互助协作等显著好处,现在,如何才能确保二者兼得,成了许多公司日益关注的难题。我们知道,开放的环境可能妨碍工作;但同时我们也了解,这种环境能增进互动、加强知识共享。

那么,解决方案是什么呢?请看混合式工作空间。

混合式环境所提供的工作空间,既有封闭的,也有开放的,使用者可以按需选用。

这种环境所具有的灵活性,让个人可以选择能发挥其最佳工作状态的方式和场所。灵活的工作环境能使个人独立工作的需要与互动交流的需要获得平衡。在设计工作空间时,“解栓”(untethered)技术的出现,以及灵活使用空间的方法使得选择“开放”还是“封闭”的难题挑战不再。

混合式工作空间提供的环境既有开放的,也有封闭的,二者的使用价值是多方面的。在这种空间里,员工既可以选择在安静空间里独自工作,也可以在开放的、团队协作的区域或房间与同事互动。此外,混合式工作空间还能充分利用技术,不管是在办公室内还是相距甚远,都可将面对面协作与虚拟协作结合起来。

位于加州米尔皮塔斯的思科McCarthy Ranch园区就是按照混合式工作空间的格局建立起来的。使用该园区的上百名移动工作者可使用8种不同类型、未指定的工作空间:工作站、临时工作间、私人工作室、焦点小隔间、开放项目空间、团队工作室、娱乐室与小隔间。通过采用IP技术及音频和视频会议技术,这些空间支持多种类型的虚拟协作。

采纳这种空间格局的绝非思科一家。据《纽约时报》(New York Times)今天报道,像英特尔(Intel)和德勤(Deloitte)这样的公司也正在采用类似的策略,使其办公空间变得更灵活。

未来的工作空间究竟会是怎样的?以下情况将并不遥远:

? 新技术将带来员工协作方式的持续改变

? 诞生虚拟工作的全新文化规范和工作规程

? 与第三方组织如孵化器、合作办公空间供应商合作规划共用式办公场所的机会增多

? 对城市及市政府提出新要求,促使其创建支持全新工作方式的空间

对设计并建造工作场所的各类开发商、建筑师、业主和供应商而言,上述变化将会对其设计和建造办公室的方式带来诸多挑战。

有人认为,虚拟沟通和远程工作环境将使人们完全没必要真正碰面。这种假设是不成立的。面对面的沟通含义丰富,能实现快速、特别的互动,由此能加快决策进程及信息流动,在这些方面,纯粹的虚拟工作环境还难以完全与之媲美。

与此同时,传统的工作环境正日益变得效率低下,并且,对那些数一数二的公司来说,它们很快将面临被淘汰的命运,或者说现在就已经过时。未来属于混合式工作场所,对致力于保持领先地位的公司来说,这才是重中之重。
标签:未来 办公室
0
2011-01-27 10:30 编辑:kuaileyingyu
分享到:
关注海词微博:
发表评论:
表达一些您的想法吧!已有0条评论>>
登录,再发表评论
文明上网,理性发言!
您可能还感兴趣的文章:
  • [成长励志]办公室常用四词短句

    Are you kidding me? 跟我开玩笑啊? Back in a moment! 马上回来! Come to the point! 有话直说! Do I have to? 我一定要做吗? Don't count on me! 别指望我! Don't get me wrong! 你
  • [成长励志]从办公室到居家工作的转变

    When lay-offs and redundancies are on the rise, it generally follows that people trying to make a living from home, working for themselves, or over the Internet are on the increase
>>精华推荐阅读
热门评论文章