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Facebook首席运营官讲述女性成功学

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小编摘要:年轻女性往往不追求晋升,不愿追求更高的职务,因为她们总是计划组建家庭,甚至花好几年时间憧憬家庭生活。桑德伯格称,这种“后倾”心态可能会扼杀一份很有前途的事业。


Facebook COO Sheryl Sandberg wrote one of the most-read Guest Posts ever on Postcards. "Don't Leave Before You Leave" ranks second in popularity to a post written by my 93-year-old Uncle Walter Stoiber, "The Great Depression, as I remember."

Yesterday at TEDWomen, a gathering in Washington, D.C., Sandberg expounded on the theme of her Guest Post: helping women understand what they need to do to reach the top. This is a mission that's become one of her top priorities -- up there with spreading Facebook way beyond its more than 500 million users worldwide.

The 41-year-old Sandberg, who started her corporate climb at Google (GOOG) and now serves on the Starbucks (SBUX) and Disney (DIS) boards, clearly stands out from the crowd. (She's No. 16 and rising on Fortune's Most Powerful Women list). Here's the gist of what she told us yesterday about what women need to do to ascend:

1. Sit at the table. "Women systematically underestimate themselves," Sandberg said, noting that men typically attribute their success to themselves while a woman says, "So-and-s0 helped me." Part of the problem: For women, success and likability are negatively correlated, while the correlation is positive for men. Women get hung up on that.

2. Make your partner a real partner. Sandberg cited research that shows that in households where both the man and the women work, she does twice as much housework and takes on three times as much childcare as he does. Wouldn't the world be a better place if it weren't this way? Households with equal earning power and shared responsibility for kids and chore typically have half the divorce rate, Sandberg said. We've progressed further in the workplace than at home, she contends.

3. Don't leave before you leave. Young women don't look for the promotion -- resisting chasing the big job -- because they plan to have a family -- often, dream about a family years down the road. "Leaning back," as Sandberg calls this approach, can kill a promising career. All the more power to working moms. (Sandberg and her husband have two preschoolers.) "If you stop looking for opportunity, you're going to be bored," she said. "Once you have a child at home, your job needs to be challenging."

Sandberg's parting message in her 12-minute talk: "My generation is not going to change the numbers at the top," she said, predicting that she'll never see women and men sharing power 50-50 in the upper echelons of the corporate world. That's the duty for the next generation.


Facebook的首席运营官谢丽尔?桑德伯格为《财富》(Fortune)网站“明信片”(Postcards)专栏写过一篇名为《离开之前不要放弃》("Don't Leave Before You Leave")的客串文章,它是“明信片”专栏有史以来人气最高的客串文章之一,仅次于该专栏“主人”93岁高龄的叔父沃特?斯托伊伯所写的《我记忆中的大萧条》(The Great Depression, as I remember)。

日前在美国华盛顿特区举行的TEDWomen集会上,桑德伯格详细解释了她这篇特约文章的主题:女性怎样做才能成功。这个使命已经成了她的首要任务之一——另一个重要的使命则是继续推广Facebook,使其在目前全球5亿用户群的基础上更进一大步。

今年41岁的桑德伯格是在谷歌(Google)公司开始步入职场升迁之路的,现在她还在星巴克(Starbucks)和迪士尼(Disney)的董事会中任职。桑德伯格显然是个与众不同的人物(她在《财富》杂志的“最具影响力女性”排行榜上排名第16,而且位置还在上升)。她向我们谈到女性应该怎样才能获得成功,以下是谈话要点:

1. 端正心态。桑德伯格说:“女人总是低估自己”。她指出,男人通常将他们的成功归功于自身,而女人却常说:“某某和某某都对我有帮助”。问题部分在于:对于男人来说,成功和可爱程度往往成正比;而对于女人来说,成功和可爱程度却是成反比的。这往往阻碍了女人获得成功。

2. 让你的另一半帮助你分担家庭的责任。桑德伯格引述了一项调查,该调查显示,在夫妻二人都工作的家庭里,妻子所做的家务活是丈夫的两倍,为抚育孩子付出的努力更是达到了丈夫的三倍。如果女性不用这样操劳,世界岂不是会更美好?桑德伯格指出,夫妻收入能力相当,且一同分担家务和育儿责任的家庭,其离婚率只有平均值的一半。桑德伯格认为,女性职场地位的提高程度,要好于她们的家庭地位提高程度。

3. 离开之前不要放弃。年轻女性往往不追求晋升,不愿追求更高的职务,因为她们总是计划组建家庭,甚至花好几年时间憧憬家庭生活。桑德伯格称,这种“后倾”心态可能会扼杀一份很有前途的事业。与全职母亲相比,有份工作的母亲更有干劲。(桑德伯格和她的丈夫育有两个未到上学年龄的孩子。)“如果你停止寻找机会,就会变得很无聊,”她说,“一旦家里有了孩子,你的工作就需要有挑战性。”

在12分钟的谈话快结束时,桑德伯格说道:“我这代人无法改变企业高层的男女比例。”她预测道,她永远也无法看到女性在企业最高层撑起半边天的那一天了。这个任务有待下一代人来完成。

标签:女性 成功
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2011-01-27 09:43 编辑:kuaileyingyu
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