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2010年9月高级口译听力下半场文本汇总

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小编摘要:本文内容为2010年9月高级口译听力下半场文本,希望能为同学们提供参考!

2010年秋季高口听力下半场文本汇总

NTGF

Today my topic is cultures and traditional holidays. Holidays are special times of respite from work and other routines. In some cases, they are legal holidays when stores, businesses government offices are officially closed. In other cases, they are celebrated without taking time off from work. Holidays are often times for celebration, eating, drinking, travel and family gatherings, but they may be also times of rest and reflection. The current trend is away from rest and reflection. Even Maniga, the day before the traditional reflective period of land, has turned into an entire week of parties, parades, and moneymaking, for those who make the annual pilgrimage to New Orleans.

In most countries, the scheduling of holidays originally is related to the seasons, the lunar cycle and religion.

Christmas, Dec 25th, celebrates the birth of Jesus. But it is not actually known whether Jesus was born in the winter time. The first woman emperor to her bath Christianity decided to have Christmas when days are shorter. This brings a spill of optimism to the long winter lumps. It also helps bring the Christianity to the pagans, who were accustomed to having festivals at the winter solstice, encouraging the warm and sunshine to return.

Over the years, Christmas has come to symbolize good will and generosity for both Christians and non-Christians through the personification of Santa clause, originally a Christian saint known as Santa Nicolas. Nowadays Rudolf the red-nose reindeer is almost as important a global symbol of Christmas as Jesus or Santa, and the commercialization of Christmas threatens to replace the generosity with greed. Many people forget that the original Christmas gifts were given by three wise men, all pagans, to Jesus, a Jewish child born in the manger. All they becoming of are gifts they give and receive and all the money they have spent.

One reason for the increasing popularity of Christmas is its proximity to the New Year’s Day, encouraging a long holiday to evolve out of birth. in the USA  the holiday has turned into a extended holiday season, lasting from thanksgiving in late November until new year’s day  with unseeingly endless parties , dinners , concerts parades and vocation trips. The schools and college are closed from middle December, though early January where people eat too much, drink too much and watch too much American football on TV. New Year gifts, cards and annual newsletters are exchanged and various festivities are not always very restful. Then the some people make new year’s resolutions to eat less, drink less, spend less and work harder in the coming year.

Christmas is by far the most important holiday in English speaking countries. Other important holidays, in addition to thanks giving day and New Year, are Valentine’s Day, Sam Patrick’s day, April fool’s day and Easter. On Valentine’s Day, celebrated on Feb. 14th, people give cards, chocolates, flowers, and kisses to their spouses and sweet hearts .on Saint Patrick’s Day, March 17th, people wear green to celebrate the luck of the Irish and eat corned beef and cabbage washed down with green beer.

During the Easter week, late march or early April, Christians remembered the death and resurrection of Jesus, while Jews celebrate pass over in memory of the escape of Jews from ancient Egypt where they had been salved.

Although it is not actually a holiday and has no religious connotation, April fool’s day celebrated on April 1st is a day when people play embarrassing tricks on friends and colleges and even their teachers. Another holiday, with some similarity to April fool’s day, is Halloween, on October 31st , when children wear funny or scary costumes and ask their neighbors for ticks or treats. And Halloween means hallow evening, the night before all saint’s day when Christians are honored.

On the following day, or “saint day” services and preys are set for the dead. In many countries, it is a day when families visit cemetery and place flowers on the tombs of their relevants. In Europe, labor day is celebrated on may 1st , whereas in Canada and united states, labor and labors’ day are honored as a legal holiday on the first Monday of September.

2010高级口译考试 ST

1.    The biggest challenge facing us now is to improve the quality of life in cities, because sadly cities don’t always offer the economic security, the safety or the comfort they promise.

2.    With divorce rates rising, delinquency is also becoming more of a problem than before. In single-parent families, parents spend less time with children. Teachers and police often help, but cannot replace the role of a child guardian

3.    Wal-mart, the nation’s largest grocer, announced plans recently to donate 2 billion dollars over five years to food banks and hunger relief organizations. This has been one of the largest charitable efforts that Wal-mart has undertaken.

4.    I personally think that too much conservatism defeats the object of clothes industry, so I can’t really say I go along whole-heartedly with this trend.

5.    According to a recent report, economic growth in Latin America this year is expected to reach 4%, far above the 1% that the International Monetary Fund forecast for the 27-nation, EU.

PT

1.  Owing to the overpopulation in urban areas and the lack of employment opportunity, the crime rate is also a huge problem we are faced with. The problem of delinquency is increasingly more serious in this area. Also, the lack of the traditional family structure and weakened bonds of kinship, lower the moral of the children bringing up in the urban areas. These children grow up in poverty and usually look at the crime as a quick and easy way out. The problems of urban areas are far more than can be handled than any short-term efforts. You can only hope to contain them and attempt to make sure that no more problems arise from the already existing ones.

    2.   The problem of childhood obesity is proportional to the number of        environmental factors such the location of a grocery store, relative to a home. Poor diet and physical inactivity are the two major contributors to obesity in this city, and the most preventable cause of death. Women are more likely to be obese than men, 25% vs. 19%. Residents with diabetes and high hypertension are more likely to be obese than to be of a normal weight. Residents who eat five or more fruits or vegetables daily are less likely to be overweight or obese. High-school-age boys are more likely to be obese at 19% than their female counterparts, nearly 16% of  whom are obese


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2011-01-19 15:45 编辑:juliatt
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