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Spot dictation

Now the location of your college. Some colleges are in the center of huge cities. Some in the suburbs. And some are surrounded by fields and woods. Where your college is located will be important to your extracurricular life. The advantage of an urban college is that there are many exciting things to do off campus. Compared to a rural campus, there are more movies, plays, churches, restaurants, discos, museums and music. There is probably good public transportation. You are near airports, trains and several highways, making weekend or vacation trips to other places much easier. All of this means that off campus excitement is easy to reach and does not require a lot of planning. This can be an important part of a college education and of your growth. But this easily available entertainment can also tempt you away from your books. The disadvantages of an urban college can be expense and a lack of peace and quiet. Off campus living in the city is almost always more expensive. Even if you live at school, you’ll still eat and shop off campus often, probably more than you would at a rural campus. Many of those wonderful cultural events cost money and are hard to pass up. If you are moving to the city from the country, be prepared for unexpected expenses. An advantage of a rural college is the relaxed and often beautiful setting. Rural colleges may have a much more peaceful and cleaner air and campus activities will probably more important in your extracurricular life. It doesn’t mean that nothing happens off campus in small towns. It seems do. But they are more likely to be connected with schools. Rural colleges are often near good spots for outdoor activities, mountains, lakes and beaches. If you have any interest in outdoor activities, this is a good place to learn more. The disadvantages of the rural college can be isolation, boredom, and the difficulty of adjusting to a more relaxed life if you come from a big city. Life at a small rural college can become very in groan.


Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear several short statements. These statements will be spoken ONLY ONCE, and you will not find them written on the paper; so you must listen carefully. When you hear a statement, read the answer choices and decide which one is closest in meaning to the statement you have heard. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

1. Why bother to call Jack and tell him about our plan, you’ll see him at lunch.

2. Since you said you totally agreed with Tom’s views, you ought to have stood up for him in the argument at the meeting yesterday afternoon.

3. At the rate of its being used, the copier is not going to make it through the rest of the year. They used to be supposed to be good for five years.

4. The latest inflation figure was issued today. The current inflation rate is 3.5%, that’s one percent up on last year.

5. As a great deal of concern today about the problems of scientific illiteracy and shortcomings in the teaching of science, more funds are needed in this respect.

6. It’s smart to dress warmly when it’s cold outside. But colds are caused by viruses and not cold weather. Washing your hands is a good way to avoid catching many viruses.

7. It’s a very nurturing environment, the general manager has encouraged me to push my abilities and growth, and I’m honored the company keeps renewing my contract.

8. In team sports such as volleyball, team work is much more than just hit in the ball over the net. The saying is true of business dealings in a company.

9. From champs to chumps, just three years ago, their products were on the business week’s lists of the world’s most valuable brands in history, and now, they are history.

10. Since you bought 85 chairs last month, naturally this time, we can offer you a discount of 10% for this model at our lowest price of 45 dollars each.


W: Jack, tell me about yourself.

M: I was born in L.A., but my family is from china. My father came to U.S. to study. He got a PHD in computer science and he stayed on as a professor at a college in California.

W: Is your mother from china too?

M:   No. my mom is from here. She is an Asian American. Her folks came to the U.S. during the 19th century. In fact one of her great grandfathers actually helped build the first railroad across the United States in the 1860s. What about you?

W: well, I am a third generation Mexican American. My grandparents were born in Veracruz and they immigrated to this country a long time ago. We still have a lot of relatives in Mexico.

M: Do you keep in touch with them?

W: we visit whenever we can

M: by the way, how’s your Spanish?

W: it’s pretty good. We speak it at home most of the time. Do you speak Chinese?

M: Yeh, I’m quite fluent. And I am now learning to write it. I think someday I might be back in china and take up my career there.

Q11: what does this man’s father do for a living?

Q12: what does the man say about his mother?

Q13: According to the woman, why can she speak very good Spanish?

Q14: what is the man doing now?


Most of us use oil in some way, and it is difficult to imagine the modern world without oil. But oil is not easy to find and get out of the earth as it is trapped deep down in the ground. We must first study the rocks carefully. When we think that the rocks in a certain place may contain oil, we load a metal tower in the location either on the land or under sea. This metal tower is called a derrick. The derrick is equipped with oil drilling machinery. The machine will cut a narrow hole down into the ground. Meanwhile a steel pipe is pushed down to stop the sides from falling and to keep out water. At last, if we have judged correctly, the oil would rush up the pipe with great force. This is basically how an oil well is set up. Oil, as we can see, is obtained more easily than coal. For coal, very often we must dig it from a mine and have it sent up to the ground surface. But for oil, it rushes up a pipe. If an oil well is made near the middle of the oil field, then natural gas can be obtained. In parts of the world, such gas is often sent through pipes to distant towns and cities, so that it can be used like coal gas in houses and factories

Question 15 Why is it difficult to find oil?

Question 16 What is a derrick?

Question 17 Why does the speaker say that oil is obtained more easily than coal?

Question 18 According to the speaker, what can be obtained when an oil well is made near the middle of the oil field?


W:Good evening, Mr. Smith. It's nice to meet you and your boy in such nice and cozy weather. Is John going to school this year?

M: Yes, we are thinking of sending him to a private boarding school instead of the local state school.

W: Really? I wouldn't dream of sending my little boy away to some strange institution for months on end every year. It will break my heart every time.

M: I don't think so. I would say that a boarding school education is good for children because it teaches them to have confidence in themselves. In a boarding school they can learn to be more independent of themselves and less dependent on their parents.

W:But not every child can afford to go to a private school. My nephew only went to his local state school and he's just been awarded the scholarship to study classics at Cambridge.                       

M:Anyway a private school is more innovative and open-minded in teaching children to learn. You will get the value of your money and it's worthwhile.

W:Still I don't know what I will do with my little boy next year. I don't want him to go to that big new school. The children of all the common people in the area go there.

M:Well they are closing all the old schools. If you don't like the new state school you will just have to pay to send him to a private school, won't you?

19) According to the man, what is good about a private boarding school?

20) Why does the woman mention her nephew in the conversation?

21) Which of following can be concluded from the conversation?

22) What is the woman worried about?


Earthquakes are violent, distractive and unpredictable. The overall history of earthquakes leads to one general rule: The more time that has passed since the earthquake, the bigger the chance one will strike. Scientists therefore use information about past earthquakes to guess probabilities about future earthquakes. For example, they say that within the next 30 years, there is a sixty percent probability that an earthquake will hit somewhere in southern California. But exactly where or when is a mystery. In at least one case, an earthquake in Northern China has been predicted by paying attention to clues from nature. In China, earthquakes-happen study for nearly 4000 years. And there are records of more than 9000 earthquakes going back to the year 1831 BC. The official earthquake records of the state of California only go back to 1930. In their long, hard look at earthquakes, the Chinese have observed many things. Before an earthquake, animals start to act strangely. The ground changed shape, and the earth magnetic field gets stronger in the earthquake area. The water in wells bubbles up and then returns to its normal level. Also a serious of small earthquakes can mean that a big quake is on its way. The Chinese use these clues in 1974 to make the first successful prediction of an earthquake. The United States’ geological survey, on the other hand, has never predicted a major earthquake.

Question 23: What is the general rule about the occurrence of an earthquake?

Question 24: According to the speaker, which area is likely to be hit by an earthquake within the next 30 years?

Question 25: How long have the Chinese studied earthquakes?

Question 26: Which of the following is not a clue that is used by the Chinese to predict an earthquake?  


M: How did you like the fireworks last night?

W: I really didn’t enjoy them too much. There was such a big crowd that we couldn’t get very close.

M: I thought you were going early.

W: We did. But even though we got there at 7 o’clock, the park was already jammed. It was so crowded that we had a hard time finding a place even to stand.

M: That’s too bad, because the fireworks were really spectacular.

W: What did you do? How did you manage to get a good view?

M: We went early. We decided to have a picnic dinner in the park. So we’d be sure to get there early enough to find a good spot.

W: I guess that’s what I should do next 4th of July.

M: We found a place on top of some rocks where nobody could get in front of us.

W: Wasn’t it pretty hot? The temperature was up in the 80s yesterday.

M: It was nice and cool where we were, because there were a lot of trees right behind us. So we had some shade to sit in.

W: What did you do about going home? I’ve never been pushed and shoved so much in my whole life.

M: Well, they ran extra buses until midnight, so we didn’t have any problem.

W: I think you were lucky.

M: It wasn’t luck, it was good planning. You have to come with us next year.

W: I don’t know whether I want to try it next year, even though I like fireworks, I don’t like big crowds.

M: Well, next year is still a long time away. And next weekend we are going to the beach, a whole bunch of us, would you like to come with us?

W: Yes, thank you, I would. And maybe I can find how you go about planning things.

Q 27 According to the woman, why couldn’t she enjoy the fireworks?

Q28 What did the man do to ensure a good view of the fireworks?

Q29 How did the man explain the success for their park trip?

Q30 What did the man do at the end of the conversation?

Listening and translation

1.we know that language use is a life long process, so is the foreign language learning. There is no short-cut in learning a foreign language.

2. I'm afraid we'll have to change our appointment for Friday morning. Something unexpected came up, and I'm sorry for the inconvenience this might cause you.

3. After some discussions we have reached compromise on the key points and will come down to details of the contract at our next meeting tomorrow afternoon.

4.  A famous educationist once said, "Nobody is completely ignorant. Nobody knows everything.   All of us lack knowledge of something."  That is why we continue to learn.

5. Today i'm pleased to announce that our government will dramatically expand the number of students who study in China to 50,000 in next 10 years.

Passage translation:

1. Man is closed connected to the environment. Our environment provides us with fresh air to breathe,  clean water to drink and various vegetables to eat.  However, our environment  is faced with many dangers. It is seriously polluted with chemical wastes from factories and garbages from the city.  Trees are being cut down, large areas of forests are being destroy, and various animals are being hunted and killed. As a result, many kinds of plants and animals are disppearing from the earth.

2.In 1979, trade between the United States and China stood at roughly 5 billion dollars. Today, it tops over 400 billion dollars each year.  The commerce affects our people's life in so many ways. America imports from China many of the computer parts we use, the clothes we wear and we export to China machinery that helps power your industry.  This trade could create even more jobs on both sides of the Pacific, while allowing our people to enjoy a better quality of life.

2011-01-19 15:15 编辑:juliatt
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