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童话大师安徒生的故事

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汉斯•克里斯蒂安•安徒生出身低微,却成为世界上最受喜爱的故事作家之一。《皇帝的新装》、《拇指姑娘》和《丑小鸭》都是我们极为熟悉的儿童故事。不论年龄有多大,我们或许都很熟悉这些名字以及更多安徒生笔下的故事。甚至如今,在他去世后超过一个半世纪之时,他的故事还在全世界被人们不断地讲述着。其实2010年正值他诞辰205周年之际!
From very humble beginnings , Hans Christian Andersen became one of the world’s best loved story tellers. “The Emperor’s New Clothes”, “Thumbelina”, and “The Ugly Ducking” are the titles of children’s stories that should ring a bell with all of us. No matter how old we are, we are probably familiar with these titles and many more from the pen of Andersen. Even now, over a century and a half after his death, his stories are being told and re-told all over the world. In fact, the year 2010 marks his 205th birthday!
安徒生于1805年4月2日在丹麦欧登塞的一座一室房子内出生。他父亲是个鞋匠,母亲则在嫁给安徒生的父亲之前曾在富人的大宅子里做洗衣工。在他的故事中,你会发现许多关于贫富阶层差距的主题,也偶尔会发现鞋匠的身影。
Andersen was born in a one-room house in Odense , Denmark on April 2, 1805. His father was a shoemaker and his mother had been a washerwoman in the large houses of the rich before she married Andersen’s father. In his stories you will find many themes of the differences between the poor and wealthy classes. You will also find the occasional shoemaker.
在安徒生只有11岁时,他的父亲就去世了。小安徒生把在学校的时间都用来幻想戏剧和他所能想像的各种故事。母亲把他送到一家裁缝店,后又送到一家烟草工厂工作,以便帮着养家糊口。甚至在孩童时期,他就一直喜欢文学艺术。由于不满于这些工作,安徒生14岁时就离家来到哥本哈根碰运气。他当过画家、演员、舞者和歌手来努力维持生计,结果却差点饿死。
His father died when Andersen was only eleven years old. Young Andersen was wasting his time in school, daydreaming about the theater and the stories he would imagine. His mother sent him to work in a tailor’s shop and later a tobacco factory to help support the family. Even as a child he always loved the arts. Unhappy with these jobs, he left home at the age of fourteen to seek his fortune in Copenhagen. He nearly starved to death trying to earn a living as an artist, actor, dancer and singer. Jonas Collin, a director of the Royal Theater, noticed Andersen when he was 17. Collin had read one of Andersen’s plays and saw that the young man had talent. Collin was able to obtain money from the king for Andersen’s education. He sent him to a school near Copenhagen where his teacher treated him harshly and teased him about his desire to become a writer. Collin eventually took Andersen out of the school and arranged private tutoring in Copenhagen.
安徒生17岁时,皇家剧院的一位导演乔纳斯•科林注意到了他。科林读了安徒生写的一部剧本,看出这个年轻人很有才华。科林能够从国王那里拿到一笔钱以支持安徒生的学业。他将安徒生送到哥本哈根附近的一所学校;在那里,安徒生的老师对他十分苛刻,还嘲笑他想成为一名作家的愿望。科林最后把安徒生带出学校,并在哥本哈根为他安排私人辅导。
In 1828, at age 23, Andersen entered university in Copenhagen. Andersen began to be published in Denmark in 1829. Andersen was first known as a poet, and his poetry won him many patrons . In 1833 the king gave him travel money and he spent 16 months travelling through Germany, France, Switzerland and Italy. As Andersen traveled he wrote many books about his experiences. Andersen wrote plays, novels, poems and travel books. Some of his plays were big hits in Denmark and Danish children still sing some of his poems set to music.
1828年,23岁的安徒生进入哥本哈根大学,并于1829年开始在丹麦出版作品。最初,安徒生是以诗人的身份为公众所知的,他的诗歌为他赢得了许多资助者。1833年,国王给了安徒生一笔旅行费用,他花了16个月的时间走遍德国、法国、瑞士和意大利。旅行途中,安徒生写了很多关于其个人经历的书。安徒生写过戏剧、小说、诗歌和游记。他的一些戏剧在丹麦大获成功。丹麦儿童至今仍把他的一些诗编成歌曲唱出来。
His first book of fairy tales was published in 1835, included “The Princess on the Pea” and “The Tinderbox”. These short stories were written for little Ida Thiele, the daughter of the secretary of the Academy of Art. The public, both adults and children, wanted more. Andersen quickly created a series of Romantic heroes. It was the series of fairy tales published after 1835 which set him on the path to fame. He was surprised that his fairy tales were so popular at home and even abroad. The book was a success. A second was published shortly afterwards, including “Thumbelina”, and a third followed in 1837, with “The Emperor’s New Clothes” and “The Little Mermaid”. His best known stories were published between 1835 and 1850. Some are his own creations and others are his re-telling of previously known Danish folk tales.
他的第一本童话故事书于1835年出版,其中包括《豌豆上的公主》和《打火匣》。这些短篇故事是为艺术学院秘书的女儿小艾达•蒂勒写的。而公众,不论是成人还是孩子,都想要看到更多的故事。安徒生很快就创造出了一批具浪漫主义色彩的英雄人物。将他送上成名之路的是他于1835年之后出版的一系列童话故事。他的童话在国内甚至国外都颇受欢迎,他对此很是惊讶。此书大获成功。第二本书不久之后也出版了,其中包括《拇指姑娘》;第三本接着于1837年出版,有《皇帝的新装》和《小美人鱼》。他最著名的童话故事是于1835年至1850年间出版的。有一些童话是他自己创作的,另外一些则是复述了那些人们已知的丹麦民间故事。
Andersen considered himself ugly all his life. He was tall and thin with a long nose. It was this self-view that inspired “The Ugly Duckling”. Andersen proposed to several women during his life and was rejected by all of them. His stories show compassion for those who are outcast and suffering. They also make fun of the spoiled and conceited. His stories teach us that appearances can be deceiving, and that there is a magical beauty even within the most unlikely characters. In spite of his lonely life he was able to create some of the most wonderful stories ever written. Andersen died on Aug. 4, 1875.
安徒生一生当中都觉得自己很丑,他又高又瘦,鼻子很长,正是这种对自我的看法为他提供了创作《丑小鸭》的灵感。安徒生一生中曾向几位女士求过婚,却都遭到了拒绝。(因而)他的故事表达了对那些被排斥并遭受苦难的人的同情,也嘲讽了那些被宠坏且傲慢自大的人。他的童话故事教诲我们:外表是不可靠的,即使在最渺小不起眼的人物心中也会有神奇美丽的一面。虽然安徒生一生孤独,但他能够创作出最精彩的故事。安徒生于1875年8月4日逝世。
Two hundred and five years after his birth, in 2010, Google celebrates the 205th anniversary of Andersen’s birth with a series of images on its homepage, telling the story of “Thumbelina”.
在他出生后的205年,也就是2010年,谷歌庆祝了安徒生诞辰205周年,在其首页放上了一系列图片,讲述了《拇指姑娘》的故事。另外,(世界)儿童文学的最高奖项之一就是汉斯•克里斯蒂安•安徒生奖,每两年评选一次,每次只颁发给一位作家和一位插画家,该奖由丹麦女王主持。
And one of the highest prizes in children’s literature is the Hans Christian Andersen Award, presented to only one author and one illustrator every two years. It is presided over by Queen of Denmark.
安徒生因其精彩的童话故事成为丹麦最伟大的作家和世界上最受喜爱的儿童作家之一。在他的一生中,他共写就了150多篇童话,他的故事还被翻译成100多种语言!
Because of his wonderful fairy tales, Andersen became known as the greatest writer in Denmark, and one of the most beloved children’s authors in the world. In his lifetime, he wrote more than one hundred and fifty fairy tales, and his stories have been translated into over 100 languages!
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2010-12-07 14:05 编辑:kuaileyingyu
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