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最好的49本经典著作

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阅读经典书籍可以增加你的学习经历。原因在于,这些经典书籍经得住时间的考验,让你透过不同“镜头”审视问题,而且它们极有可能与未来相关。阅读经典书籍是个绝妙的脑力练习,将会赋予你强大的智力工具。
Reading classic books can boost your learning experience. There are some reasons why classic books can do that: they have stood the test of time, they give you different “lenses” to look through, and they will most likely be relevant even to the far future. Reading the classics is an excellent intellectual exercise which will arm you with a lot of powerful intellectual tools.To find good classic books, there are trusted recommendations that can help us. The recommendations are found in the books How to Read a Book by Mortimer J. Adler and Charles van Doren, and The WellEducated Mind by Susan Wise Bauer, both of which I believe are highquality books. You can read the books for complete information about their recommendations (with suggestions on how to read them), but here I will directly give you the titles of the books which are recommended by both of them.While I believe a book which is recommended by any of them is good, I think it’s safe to say that a book which is recommended by both of them is great.So without further ado, here are the recommended classic books along with the Amazon and free download links (if any):Novel
有许多受信赖的推荐可以帮助我们找到经典好书。这些推荐可以在莫蒂默·阿德勒(Mortimer J. Adler)和查理·范多伦(Charles van Doren)的《教你如何读书》(How to Read a Book),苏珊·怀斯· 鲍尔(Susan Wise Bauer)的《受过良好教育的思维》(The WellEducated Mind)中找到,我认为他们推荐的书籍都是高质量的。你可以阅读他们推荐的完整书籍信息(附有如何阅读的建议),但在这里我直接列举这两本书共同推荐的书籍书名。
1. Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes 2. Gulliver’s Travels by Jonathan Swift 3. Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen 4. Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens 5. The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne 6. MobyDick by Herman Melville 7. Madame Bovary by Gustave Flaubert 8. Crime and Punishmentt by Fyodor Dostoevsky 9. Anna Karenina by Leo Tolstoy 10. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain 11. The Trial by(Franz Kafka
虽然我相信任何一本他们推荐的书籍都很精彩,但为了保险起见,我认为他们一同推荐的书籍很伟大。事不宜迟,以下是推荐的书籍:
Autobiography and Memoir
小说
1. The Confessions by(Augustine 2. The Complete Essaysby Michel de Montaigne 3. Meditations on First Philosophy by Rene Descartes 4. Walden by Henry David Thoreau
唐吉诃德 (塞万提斯) 格列佛游记 (乔纳森·斯威夫特) 傲慢与偏见 (简·奥斯汀) 雾都孤儿 (查尔斯·狄更斯) 红字 (纳撒尼尔·霍桑) 白鲸 (赫尔曼·梅尔维尔) 包法利夫人 (福楼拜) 罪与罚 (费奥多尔·陀思妥耶夫斯基) 安娜卡列尼娜 (列夫·托尔斯泰) 哈克贝利费恩历险记 (马克·吐温) 审判 (弗兰兹·卡夫卡)
History
自传和回忆录忏悔录 (奥古斯丁) 蒙田随笔全集 (蒙田) 第一哲学沉思录 (笛卡尔) 沃尔登湖 (亨利·大卫·梭罗)
1. The Histories by Herodotus 2. The Peloponnesian War by Thucydides 3. The Republic by Plato 4. Lives by Plutarch 5. City of God by Augustine 6. The Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli 7. Utopia by Sir Thomas More 8. The Social Contract by Jean Jaques Rousseau 9. The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire by(Edward Gibbon 10. Democracy in America by Alexis de Tocqueville 11. The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx Drama
历史历史 (希罗多德) 伯罗奔尼撒战争史 (修昔底德) 理想国 (柏拉图) 希腊罗马名人传 (普鲁塔克) 上帝之城 (奥古斯丁)君主论 (尼科洛·马基雅维里) 乌托邦 (托马斯·莫尔) 社会契约论 (卢梭) 罗马帝国衰亡史 (爱德华·吉本) 论美国民主 (埃里克斯·托克维尔) 共产党宣言 (马克思)
1. Agamemnon by Aeschylus 2. Oedipus the King by Sophocles 3. Medea by Euripides4. The Birds by Aristophanes 5. Poetics by Aristotle 6. Richard III by William Shakespeare 7. A Midsummer Night’s Dream by William Shakespeare 8. Hamlet by William Shakespeare 9. Tartuffe by Moliere 10. The Way of the World by William Congreve 11. A Doll’s House by Henrik Ibsen 12. Saint Joan by by George Bernard Shaw 13.Man and Suprernan by George Bernard Shaw 14. No Exit by Jean Paul Sartre
戏剧阿伽门农 (埃斯库罗斯) 俄狄浦斯王 (索福克勒斯) 美狄亚 (里庇得斯) 鸟 (阿里斯托芬)
Poet
诗 (亚里士多德) 理查三世 (威廉·莎士比亚) 仲夏夜之梦 (威廉·莎士比亚) 哈姆雷特 (威廉·莎士比亚) 伪君子 (莫里哀) 如此世道 (威廉·康格里夫)方式 玩偶之家 (亨利克·易卜生) 圣女贞德 (萧伯纳) 人与超人(萧伯纳) 禁闭(让·保罗·萨特)
1. The Iliad by Homer 2. The Odyssey by Homer 3. Odes by Horace 4. Inferno by Dante Alighieri 5. The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer 6. Sonnets by William Shakespeare 7. Paradise Lost by John Milton 8. Selected Poetry by William Wordsworth 9. The Complete Poems by Samuel Taylor Coleridge It may take years to read all these books, but it undoubtedly will be a very rewarding intellectual journey; they are among the best books of human civilization.
诗歌伊利亚特 (荷马) 奥德赛 (荷马) 诗艺 (贺拉斯) 炼狱 (但丁) 坎特伯雷故事集 (杰弗里·乔叟) 十四行诗 (威廉·莎士比亚) 失乐园 (约翰·弥尔顿) 华兹华斯诗歌选集 (威廉·华兹华斯) 柯勒律治诗歌全集 (塞缪尔·泰勒·柯勒律治) 或许读完所有的书籍需要花上好几年,但是毫无疑问这将会是一次有意义的知识之旅,这些书籍是人类文明最伟大的书籍。
标签:经典 著作
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2010-12-06 16:17 编辑:kuaileyingyu
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