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陷入情网的科学解释

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一组新的研究分析结果表明,两个人来电是一个可以量化的过程,在这个过程中大脑会释放可测度的化学物质,这些化学物质令人陶醉是可测度的。
A new analysis of a collection of studies suggests falling in love is a quantifiable action, with the brain releasing measurable euphoria-inducing chemicals.
Syracuse大学的Stephanie Ortigue教授领导的原始分析中把这个叫做“爱的神经影像”。
The meta-analysis conducted by Syracuse University professor Stephanie Ortigue is called “The Neuroimaging of Love.”
研究表明,相爱不仅可以带来类似吸食可卡因的快感,还能够影响大脑的智力区域。
Findings suggest falling in love can elicit not only the same euphoric feeling as using cocaine, but also affects intellectual areas of the brain.
研究人员同时也发现了相爱只需要五分之一秒。
Researchers also found falling in love only takes about a fifth of a second.
Ortigue的研究小组揭示了当一个人陷入爱情,他/她大脑的12个区域会连续反应,释放兴奋诱导化学物质,比如多巴胺,催产素,肾上腺素和垂体后叶素。
Results from Ortigue’s team revealed when a person falls in love, 12 areas of the brain work in tandem to release euphoria-inducing chemicals such as dopamine, oxytocin, adrenaline and vasopression.
恋爱的感觉还会影响复杂认知功能,如心理表征,隐喻和身体幻象。
The love feeling also affects sophisticated cognitive functions, such as mental representation, metaphors and body image.
研究最难解决的问题,“是你的心陷入了恋爱还是脑?”
The findings beg the question, “Does the heart fall in love, or the brain?”
“这总是一个棘手的问题,”Ortigue说。
“That’s a tricky question always,” says Ortigue.
“我想说是脑,但与心也是有关联的,因为恋爱这个复杂的概念即是自底向上的又是自顶向下的,即是从脑到心的,又是从心到脑的。”
“I would say the brain, but the heart is also related because the complex concept of love is formed by both bottom-up and top-down processes from the brain to the heart and vice versa.
“比如说,大脑的某些部位的活动可以产生对心的刺激,紧张地发抖。一些我们以为是心表现的症状其实来自大脑。”
“For instance, activation in some parts of the brain can generate stimulations to the heart, butterflies in the stomach. Some symptoms we sometimes feel as a manifestation of the heart may sometimes be coming from the brain.”
其他的研究人员还发现血液中的神经生长因子(nerve growth factor,NGF)的等级也在增加。这些等级在新谈恋爱的人当中明显的较高。这个分子在人体的社交中起着重要作用,或者说在“一见钟情”这种现象发生时。
Other researchers also found blood levels of nerve growth factor, or NGF, also increased. Those levels were significantly higher in couples who had just fallen in love. This molecule plays an important role in the social chemistry of humans, or the phenomenon of ‘love at first sight.’
“这些结论都证明了恋爱的科学基础,”Ortigue说。
“These results confirm love has a scientific basis,” says Ortigue.
这些研究成果将对神经科学和心理健康研究产生重大影响,因为当爱情不顺利时,它会是一个导致心理压力和抑郁情绪的重要原因。
The findings have major implications for neuroscience and mental health research because when love doesn’t work out, it can be a significant cause of emotional stress and depression.
“这是进入病人大脑和进入他们内心的一种方式,”Ortigue说。“当他们知道为什么他们会恋爱以及为什么他们如此心碎,他们会接受新的治疗。”
“It’s another probe into the brain and into the mind of a patient,” says Ortigue. “By understanding why they fall in love and why they are so heartbroken, they can use new therapies.”
通过识别当恋爱时大脑哪些部位受到刺激,医生和理疗师可以更好的了解害相思病的病人的痛苦。
By identifying the parts of the brain stimulated by love, doctors and therapists can better understand the pains of lovesick patients.
这项研究还展示了大脑的不同部位的恋爱。比如,无条件的爱是由大脑的公共区域和不同区域引起的,就像母亲和孩子之间的那种,包括大脑的中间层。热烈的爱是是由大脑负责奖赏的部分和联想及认知大脑区域引起的,联想及认知大脑区域具有高级认知功能,如身体
The study also shows different parts of the brain fall in love. For example, unconditional love, such as that between a mother and a child, is sparked by both common and different brain areas, including the middle of the brain. Passionate love is sparked by the reward part of the brain, and also associative cognitive brain areas that have higher-order cognitive functions, such as body image.
Ortigue和她的团队与西维吉尼亚大学的团队以及瑞士的一家大学校医院一道工作。
Ortigue and her team worked with a team from West Virginia University and a university hospital in Switzerland.
他们的这项研究的成果发表在《性医学》杂志上。
The results of the study are published in the Journal of Sexual Medicine.
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2010-11-19 12:41 编辑:kuaileyingyu
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