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英语专业八级模拟试题及参考答案(三)

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TEST FOR ENGLISH MAJORS

GRADE EIGHT     TIME LIMIT: 195 MIN

PART I   LISTENING COMPREHENSION [35 MIN]

SECTION A   MINI-LECTURE

In this section you will hear a mini-lecture. You will hear the lecture ONCE ONLY. While listening, take notes on the important points. Your notes will not be marked, but you will need them to complete a gap-filling task after a mini-lecture. When the lecture is over, you will be given two minutes to check your note, and another ten minutes to check your notes, and another ten minutes to complete the gap-filling task on ANSWER SHEET ONE. Use the blank sheet for note-taking.

SECTION B   INTERVIEW

In this section you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct answer to each question on you colored answer sheet.

Questions 1 to 5 are based on an interview. At the end of the interview you will be given 10 seconds to answer each of the following five questions. Now listen to the interview.

 

1.       What were the things in Britain that Dr. Mathew found most strange when he first arrived?

A.     Drivers in Britain always broke the traffic rules.

B.      Foot passengers did not look before they crossed the road.

C.      People in Britain drive on the other side of the road.

D.     It is dangerous to cross the road in Britain.

2.       What is the main reason that someone said Britain and the United States are divided by a common language?

A.     British English and America English use different words and expressions to refer to the same thing.

B.      Britain and America are different in many aspects, though they speak the same language.

C.      British people and American people like different foods.

D.     Britain and America are separated by the Atlantic Ocean.

3.       What word do British people use to refer to “potato chips”?

A. chips                    B. crisps                           C. French fries                     D. fries

4.       The reasons why Dr. Mathew says younger people in Britain are radical do NOT include _______.

A.     younger people in Britain dress different from those in America

B.      many young men in Britain wear earrings in one of their ears

C.      most younger people in Britain have more political awareness than those in America

D.     many young men in Britain are fans of Madonna

5.       According to Dr. Mathew, what is the main reason that many young people in Britain know a lot about America?

A.     Because American policies are good examples to follow.

B.      Because British polices have no effect on Americans.

C.      Because they have good chance to travel a lot.

D.     Because they can know a lot from reading newspapers.

 

SECTION C   NEWS BROADCAST

In this section you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct answer to each question on your colored answer sheet.

Questions 6 and 7 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer each of the two questions. Now listen to the news.

6. According to the news, Chechnya has all of the following geographic features EXCEPT______.

A. lowlands               B. valleys                         C. rivers                              D. forests

7. The ecological disaster of Chechnya is caused by ______.

A.     thriving and planned oil industry

B.      years of separatist warfare

C.      pollution of major rivers

D.     growing number of babies born

Question 8 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the question. Now listen to the news.

8. It is ______ who direct many Cosa Nostra's activities in Palermo.

A. Bernardo Provenzano                                    B. Antonino Cina

C. Salvatore Riina                                             D. Antonino Rotolo

Questions 9 and 10 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer each of the two questions. Now listen to the news.

9. The news is mainly about ______.

A.    the disadvantages and advantages of nighttime flights

B.     the environmental benefit caused by daytime flights

C.     the environmental damage caused by nighttime flights

D.    the impact of sunlight in the formation of vapor trails of aircrafts

10. What effect will the trails of aircrafts produce in the nighttime?

A.     They will act like tiny clouds.

B.      They will decrease temperatures.

C.      They will account for greenhouse effect.

D.     They will increase precipitation.

PART II   READING COMPREHENSION [30 MIN]

In this section there are several reading passage followed by a total of twenty multiple-choice questions. Read the passage and then mark your answers on your answer sheet.

TEXT A

Given Shakespeare's popularity as an actor and a playwright and his conspicuous financial success, it was not surprising that jealous rivals began to snipe at his work. In later centuries, a common charge was that Shakespeare did not invent many of his plots but took his basic stories from well-known English history and old legends instead.

It is quite true that these sources have been used by many English dramatists. But what Shakespeare did to the common facts is wholly remarkable: he invented new characters, transformed old ones, created a gallery of kings, maidens, courtiers, warriors and clowns of startling psychological depth. He rearranged familiar tales with an extraordinary gift for drama, comedy and fantasy. And over all this work, so rich with soaring language and glistening poetry, he cast an unprecedented mood of grandeur and glory. Never had the theatre been showered with such lyricism and passion, such insight and profundity.

But how could a man of so little education produce such masterful works? Did Shakespeare, in fact, write the plays? Through the centuries, some have suggested Francis Bacon was the "real" Shakespeare. But the mystery-author theorists conveniently ignore- an indisputable fact: numerous contemporaries stated that William Shakespeare of Stratford and London was the author of all but a few plays in the present canon. Ben Jonson knew him well, as did theatre owners, and the actors who signed the validating foreword to the definitive First Folio (1623) edition of his work.

That Shakespeare was not "educated" means only that he had not endured the dry curriculum of Oxford or Cambridge in those days. Shakespeare was. in fact, a wide render with an inquisitive mind and a confidence in his own perceptions. John Deyden observed: "He was naturally learn'd, " And Shakespeare certainly "read" the nature of human behaviour- male and female, monarchs and jesters, peasants and buffoons. It was his imaginative range, his jewelled language, his skill as a storyteller–rather than his erudition– that made him the wonder of the world.

In one revolutionary step, the dramatist from Avon broke away from the stereotyped morality plays that dominated the English stage. He preached no sermons; he offered no pious warnings; he treated good, evil, virtue and sin as would a psychologist, not a priest. His cool objectivity in rendering human passions has incurred the wrath of many a righteous soul, and even the great Samuel Johnson chastised Shakespeare for writing "without any moral purpose".

It was precisely this aspect of Shakespeare, this relentless analytic stance, embroidered with poetry of luminous beauty that ushered in what can. Without exaggeration, be called the modern theatre.

Shakespeare destroyed the reigning, stultifying over-simplifications of Elizabethan drama. He dared to show heroes with flaws and doubts and unheroic impulses; heroines whose chastity was at war with their carnality; petty a nd fearful kings; queens who were monsters, and princes who were charlatans; villains overwhelmed by guilt or even tempted by virtue in short, a parade of characters caught, as men and women truly are, in the conflict of emotions and the paradoxes of human dilemmas.

 

11. What distinguishes Shakespeare from the other English dramatists who also used well known English history and old legends as sources?

A. His recreation of familiar tales.

B. His competence in foreign languages.
C. His own experience as an actor.

D. His poetic passion.

12. Who might testify that it was Shakespeare who wrote the plays?

A. The mystery-author theorists.

B. Francis Bacon.

C. Theatre owners.

D. Theatergoers and the actors.

13. All of the following statements are true EXCEPT

A. Shakespeare received little formal higher education.

B. Shakespeare could remain objective when interpreting human passions.

C. Shakespeare hat! a thorough understanding of the nature of human behaviour.

D. Shakespeare's drama was spoken highly of by Samuel Johnson.

14. What is common among the characters in Shakespeare's drama?

A. They reflect the people in reality as well as in his dreams.

B. They often have to make hard choices as to what to do.

C. They are caught in the conflict of emotions and feel ashamed of themselves.

D. All of the above.

 

TEXT B

"There are too many students overcrowding courses and contributing nothing to society." says Professor Edward Mishan, explaining the subject of an article, published recently in an economics journal.

Using pure economic rationality。Professor Mishan argues that subsidizing students because they benefit society is a fallacy one that he says he would have included in his hook 21 Popular Economic Fallacies . had he thought of it when it was first published in 1970.

"For if higher education is free," he writes, "a man who chooses to spend three years at university rather than enter the workforce may be willing to do so even though it makes no perceptible difference to his future earnings. "

As such he advocates full commercial rates on loans for students to pay the entire costs of their higher education.

Professor Mandy Telford is not amused. "There is no doubt that charging commercial interest rates on loans would put people off going to university." she said.

"At present we have a system where the poorest students are forced to work long hours just to keep their heads above water, while the rich, supported by their parents, are able to make greater use of their time. Commercial rate loans would hit the poorest students the hardest as they would be forced to borrow the most. After graduation all students would be forced to chase a fast buck to escape the burden of their ever-increasing debts, therefore shunning lower paid jobs in a public sector that is crying out for skilled teachers and nurses. " Ms. Telford added.

One effect of subsidizing university studies, claims Professor Mishan, is that "bizarre and outlandish" courses are likely to proliferate.

"In some courses (possibly medicine, electrical engineering and accounting), the respective IRRs (internal rate of return) may be well above that on commercial investment . whereas in others (possibly psychology, sociology and gender studies) . they would be well below." he writes.

On psychology, sociology, and gender studies, he says, "you learn a few terms you throw into a conversation but nothing more, this is not a good allocation of resources. "

Lynne Segal, professor of psychology and gender studies at Birkbeck College, is nearly amused. " This is amazing. All we hear about is people complaining about boys and masculinity lower exam results, more crime." she said.

"Mental illness amongst men is rising and depression these are economic issues as well. He seems to be negating the study of human behaviour. It's a bit hard to take seriously," she added.

Professor Mishan was a professor of economics at London School of Economics until 1977. after which he moved to America. Since then he has been "a little bit out of economics", says professor Colin Robinson. editor of economic affairs, the journal produced by the Institute of Economic Affairs, which published the paper.

But Professor Mishan does sound amused about his paper. "This is not my field of competence—it's just bit of fun." he reassures us.

 

15.  Professor Mishan advocates full commercial rates on students loans because he believes
that______ .

A.  subsidized students may benefit society

B.  with free higher education, students may become more willing to enter the workforce

C.  students may overcrowd some courses and be unwilling to take other courses

D.  subsidizing is a good way to assign resources

16.  Charging commercial interest rates on student loans may NOT result in the situation
that______ .

A.  some students may be deprived of higher education

B.  poor students will study harder

C.  rich students will get an advantage over poor ones

D.  students will tend to refuse jobs with lower pay

17.  What may be Lynne Segal's attitude towards Professor Mishan"s comment on psychology.
sociology and gender studies?

A.   Appreciative.                       B.   Ludicrous.

C.  Contemptuous.                       D.   Indifferent.

18.  We can learn from the passage that Professor Mishan_________ .

A.  expressed his objection to subsidizing students as early as 1970s'

B.  takes mentality into consideration in his paper of economic issues

C.  has always been highly regarded as an authority in economics

D.  may not regard his paper on the issue of subsidizing students as academic.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

TKXT C

People are now buying everything over the Web–not just books and CDs. Online consumers arc forking over cash to buy food, zooming out to sites for cars, and seeking and [laying for expert advice in areas from law to medicine to questions about their pet's ear infection. Instantly, you can build tremendous demand for your products and services if you catch the e-business wave.

Many of you may be asking. "What does this mean to my company? Why should I even pay attention to this Internet hype?" It has everything to do with survival. That's right survival. This is a fundamental change in global business, and there will be a point in the not-too distant future where it will be impossible to catch up, or even stay in the game!

In the past, companies that achieved excellence also snatched up market share and competitive advantage. Companies who fell short of this standard received lower market share but could still survive. That was when the world of business was more forgiving.

Times have changed. On October 15,1995,the "Knowledge Age" arrived and ushered the Information Age out the door with the market capitalization of Microsoft surpassing that of IBM. Today, leveraging knowledge, relationships, and information around a well defined business model distinguishes great companies from average ones. The great ones take advantage of their core competencies and outsource non-core competencies in order to achieve an agile business model that can respond quickly to e-business opportunities.

Let's look at the four cornerstones in e-business that should be a part of your business model.

Controls through the ERP dashboard. An integrated technology architecture allows you to distribute real-time information instantly across the enterprise. This fundamental foundation, known as the Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system, must become the "dashboard" that provides controls and status information to allow forward decision making. For example, discovery of an inventory problem a month after it occurs may enable use of this information to correct a problem. But a month is like dog years in e business! You need information to act on when the problem occurs, and that's why an integrated technology architecture must be in place to succeed in cyber commerce. A word of can lion here: it takes years to realistically achieve this integrated infrastructure. Wailing for tin-newest wave of hardware or software can be the kiss of death. Relying on old legacy financial systems is like driving down the highway by looking in the rear-view mirror v. s. looking at the dashboard to understand performance NOW.

Get rid of waste. Once the fundamental infrastructure is in place the concept of the "extended enterprise" comes into play. It's not just about integrated "lowest cost" manufacturing and streamlined distribution processes, although both are key components. It involves taking waste out of the entire value chain through effectively implementing technology, along with building strong alliances and partnerships. Take General Electric (GE). who has informed its suppliers that it will conduct its entire procurement process on the Internet via electronic procurement communities. So if a company wants to do business with GE. it needs to do it GF' s way online.

Know the customers. Rest-practice companies today have a deep understanding of their customer base and their levels of satisfaction with their products and services. E-business will have a dramatic impact on those companies who continue to market their products and services via the costly face-to-face direct selling model. Companies who foster online communities and communications with their customers will enjoy customer loyalty and market share.

Information is power. Finally, none of the other three cornerstones is very meaningful

without accurate profit information. The streamlining process is impossible without clear and accurate information about the company's activities and costs. Knowing which customers to nurture and which ones require more effort– even a modification of product and service delivery models is critical to understanding customer profitability. Making up profit deficiencies "in volume" from one customer set subsidizing another is an oxymoron in a world of custom products and services. In a world where each customer can specify exactly what he wants, volume product dissolves into lot sizes of one. If you think you have profit margin squeeze today, imagine how much tighter things can become when your customers can compare shops online! Knowledge of true costs is imperative.

 

19. What is the author's main intention in writing the passage?

A.  To tell why you should shift to e-business.

B.  To inform you of some steps to bring your business online.

C. To suggest that e-business will replace the conventional business model.

D. To advice you to regard the four cornerstones as your e-business model.

20.  Why should one pay attention to e-business?

A.  Because one needs to follow the law of "survival of the fittest".

B.  Because one has surpassed the "Knowledge Age".

C.  Because one has entered the "Information Age".
D. Because one has to get rid of the waste.

21.  According to the passage, the ERP system_________ .

A.  is a technology framework that combines many resources for efficient operation

B.  allows you to find invention information in a more efficient way
C. is not time-consuming to develop at all

D.  is the key cornerstone in e-business

22.  Which of the following statements can NOT be inferred from the passage?

A.  Once the fundamental infrastructure is in place, a company can operate ERP system
effectively.

B.  A company that starts doing e-business may in turn influence the way in which its partners do business.

C. Marketing through e-business is less cost-consuming for a company. 

D. business is more likely to help a company cater to individual's needs.

TEXT D                                                                                            

Charles Dickens, author, editor and social reformer is known for the vivid picture he painted of life in England in the early 19th century. London was featured in many of his novels. The city of London aroused in him many emotions–love, pity, frustration and excitement, Novels such as Great Expectation. The Old Curiosity Shop, Little Dorrit and A Tale of Two Cities move from the problems of people living in London in the early 1800's to those of people in cities almost anywhere.

Yet if Dickens were to return to the London of the 1980's, would he be able to recognize it? What would have changed?

There is one aspect of London life in the 1800's which is very noticeable in his novels a pervading atmosphere of smoky gloom and dirt, of evil smells and grimy decay. Whatever one may think of London air today, with its traffic fumes and occasional smog, the Smoke Abatement Acts of the 19th century and the Clean Air of the 20th century have ensured that Dickens would find the London air had improved considerably.

 In Our Mutual Friend Dickens portrays the River Thames as a dangerous place polluted with filth, rats and corpses. He would be surprised to know that salmon now swim up the river into the pool of London and that thousands of Londoners relax by the river's banks. Londoners also join tourists on pleasure trips to view the warehouses and wharves of the dockland areas past the Tower of London. It is Dickens's description of these areas in his own time that gives such a powerful impression of a city swarming with poverty, commerce and crime in Oliver Twist and Little Dorrit.

Some parts of London described by Dickens changed as a result of public reaction to tin-vivid pictures he portrayed. Some of the worst slums disappeared in his lifetime. People are no longer imprisoned for debt in England today.

Dickens's experience of poverty and later of riches in London developed what modern writers might call his love/hate relationship with the city. Dickens himself refers to "tin-attraction of repulsion" which he felt for London as a child when he was working long hours in a blacking factory. In the streets of London, and in its society, Dickens with his reporter's eye and reformer's heart, found precisely what he needed to develop as a novelist and as a public figure.

One change which would be unlikely to surprise Dickens is the way in which London has developed into a sprawling metropolis, devouring places such as Finchley, Hampstead and Camden Town which were villages and suburbs in Dickens's time. He would have expected the increase in London’s commuter population. Long before the coming of commuter railways in the 1860's, as many as two hundred thousand individuals came daily into the city on foot or by omnibus from the rich houses bordering the Thames out to Chelsea. As the city developed, the advantages of suburban living were extended to the middle classes. Wemmick in Great Expectations extols the pleasures of his small "Castle" and garden in Walworth. the upkeep of which depends on his work in the city of London and his dubious connections there.

sprawling, exciting ferment of organised chaos which London appears to he. still contains buildings familiar to Dickens. Just outside Bush House, the home of the BBC's External Services is the Church of St. Mary-le-Strand where Dickens's parents were married in 1809. Across the roads is the supposedly Roman bath where he bathed as a child and which he later used in David Copper field. Not far away in Bloomsbury in 48 Doughty Street. Dickens wrote most of the Pickwick Papers and Oliver Twist. It is now the home of the Dickens House Museum. At his own request there is no public memorial to Charles Dickens, but the Dickens House Museum is a centre for all those to whom his characters art-more "real" than many in history.

 

23. Which of the following changes might be expected of London by Dickens? A. here would be less and less polluted air over the sky of London.

B. The River Thames might accommodate the fish again,

C. London might develop into an even bigger city.

D. Londoners would be rid of poverty.

24.  It can be inferred from the passage that________ .

A.  Dickens's hatred toward London grew with his age

B.  Dickens's works contributed to some of the changes of London
C   Dickens liked to portray only the dark sides of London

D. Dickens, a social reformer, was devoted to the changes of London

25.  Wemmick, in Great Expectation .might work in the city of London and__________ .

A.  live in suburbs

B.  spend weekends in suburbs

C.  enjoy his vacations in suburbs

D.  maintain his estate in suburbs

26.  The main idea of the last paragraph is that                 .

A.  London still keeps buildings familiar to Dickens so as to commemorate him

B.  many places in London offered inspirations to Dickens

C. a museum has been set up in honour of Dickens                  

D. for ail the drastic changes, some places are still reminiscent of London in Dickens's

time

TEXT E

The mental health movement in the United States began with a period of considerable enlightenment. Dorothea Dix was shocked to find the mentally ill in jails and almshouses and crusaded for the establishment of asylums in which people could receive humane care in hospital-like environments and treatment which might help restore them to sanity. By the mid 1800s. 20 states had established asylums, but during the late 1800s and early 1900s, in the face of economic depression, legislatures were unable to appropriate sufficient funds for decent care. Asylums became overcrowded and prison-like. Additionally, patients were more resistant to treatment than the pioneers in the mental health field had anticipated, and security and restraint were needed to protect patients and others. Mental institutions became frightening and depressing places in which the rights of patients were all but forgotten.

These conditions continued until after World War II. At that time, new treatments were discovered for some major mental illnesses theretofore considered untreatable (penicillin for syphilis of the brain and insulin treatment for schizophrenia and depressions), and a succession of books, motion pictures, and newspaper exposes called attention to the plight of the mentally ill. Improvements were made, and Dr, David Vail's Humane Practices Program is a beacon for today. But changes were slow in coming until the early 1960s. At that time, the Civil Rights Movement led lawyers to investigate America's prisons, which were disproportionately populated by blacks, and they in turn followed prisoners into the only institutions that were worse than the prisons–the hospitals for the criminally insane. The prisons were filled with angry young men who, encouraged by legal support, were quick to demand their rights. The hospitals for the criminally insane, by contrast, were populated with people who were considered "crazy" and who were often kept obediently in their place through the use of severe bodily restraints and large doses of major tranquilizers. The young cadre of public interest lawyers liked their role in the mental hospitals. The lawyers found a population that was both passive and easy to champion. These were, after all, people who, unlike criminals, had done nothing wrong. And in many states, they were being kept in horrendous institutions, an injustice, which once exposed, was bound to shock the public and, particularly, the judicial conscience.

Judicial interventions have had some definite positive effects, but there is growing awareness that courts cannot provide the standards and the review mechanisms that assure good patient care. The details of providing day-to-day care simply cannot be mandated by a court, so it is time to take from the courts the responsibility for delivery of mental health care and assurance of patient rights and return it to the state mental health administrators to whom the mandate was originally given. Though it is a difficult task, administrators must undertake to write rules and standards and to provide the training and surveillance to assure that treatment is given and patient rights are respected.

27.  The main purpose of the passage is to________ _.

A.  discuss the influence of Dorothea Dix on the mental health movement

B.  provide an historical perspective on problems of mental health care

C.  increase public awareness of the plight of the mentally ill

D.  shock the reader with vivid descriptions of asylums

28.  The author's attitude toward people who are patients in state institutions can best be
described as_________

A.  inflexible and insensitive

B.  detached and neutral

C understanding and sympathetic D. enthusiastic and supportive

29.  The passage provides information that would help answer all of the following questions
EXCEPT________ ?

A.  Who are some of those people who have had an important influence on the public health
movement in the United States

B.  What were some of the mental illnesses that were considered untreatable until the
1950s

C.  What were some of the new treatments for mental illness that were adopted in the
1950s

D. What were some of the most important legal cases that contributed to the new concern for patients' rights

30.  It can be inferred from the passage that, had the Civil Rights movement not prompted an investigation of prison conditions  .

A.  states would never have established asylums for the mentally ill

B.  new treatments for major mental illness would have likely remained untested

C.  the Civil Rights movement in America would have been politically ineffective
D.  conditions in mental hospitals might have escaped judicial scrutiny

 

PART III    GENERAL KNOWLEDGE [10 MIN.]

There are ten multiple-choice questions in this section. Choose the best answer to each question. Mark your answers on your answer sheet.

31. The British Isles are made up of________ .

A.  Britain and Scotland

B.  Scotland and Ireland

C.  Great Britain and Ireland

D.  Great Britain and Northern Ireland

32. American schools are divided into    

A.  public schools and private ones

B.  public schools, private schools and community schools

C.  coeducation schools and single sex schools

D.  national schools and state-run schools

33. The capital of Ireland is__________ .

A. Dublin                   B. Belfast                   C. Cardiff                   D. Glasgow

34.  "The President Honesty" refers to___________ .

A.  the break-in at the Watergate complex

B.  Nixon's involvement in the cover-up
C. Nixon's cover-up attempt and the like
D.  Nixon's resignation

35.  Waiting for Godot was written by__________ .

A. William Butler Yeats                             B. T. S. Eliot

C.  Samuel Beckett                                    D. James Joyce

36.  H. G. Wells was most famous for_________ .

A.  Around the World in Eighty Days

B.  Of Human Bondage

C.  The Moon and Six pence
D. The Time Machine

37.  The locality in Mark Twain's works is usually somewhere along     _____ .

A.  the Hudson River

B.  the Missouri River

C.  the Mississippi River

D.  the Colorado River

38.  In most general terms language is used to convey meaning. The study of meaning is
known as______ .

A. phonology                   B. morphology        C. semantics              D. pragmatics

39.  The distinction between langue and parole was made by_________ .

A. F. de Saussure       B. N. Chomsky       C. L, Bloomfield     D. M. A. K. Halliday

40. The notion of superordinate is related to________ .

A. synonymy                   B. homonymy          C. polysemy              D. hyponymy

 

PART IV     PROOFREADING & ERROR CORRECTION [15 MIN.]

The passage contains TEN errors. Each indicated line contains a maximum of ONE error. In each case, only ONE word is involved. You should proofread the passage and correct it in the following way:

For a wrong word,                      underline the wrong word and write the correct one in the

blank provided at the end of the line.
For a missing word,                     mark the position of the missing word with a "A" sign and

write the word you believe to be missing in the blank

provided at the end of the line.
For an unnecessary word,             cross the unnecessary word with a slash "/" and put the word

in the blank provided at the end of the line.

Example

When art museum wants a new exhibit,                                                       (1)    an    

it never buys things in finished form and hangs                                                (2)  never  

them on the wall. When a natural history museum                                                                    

wants an exhibition, it must often build it.                                                        (3)  exhibit 

 

It is hardly necessary for me to cite all the evidences of the depressing                    (1)          

state of literacy. These sums from the Department of Education are                               (2)         

sufficient: 27 million Americans cannot read at all, a further 35 million read

on a level that is less than sufficient to survive in our society.                              (3)         

But my own worry today is more that of the overwhelming problem of        (4)         

elemental literacy than it is of the slightly more luxurious problem of the

decline in the skill even of the middle-class reader, of his unwillingness to afford

those spaces of silence, those luxuries of domesticity and time and concentrating,   (5)         

that surrounds the image of the classic act of reading. It has been suggested        (6)         

that almost 80 percent of <st1:country-region w:st="on">America's literate, educated teenagers can no

longer read with accompanying noise (music) in the background or a

television screen flickered at the corner of their field of perception. We know      (7)         

very little about the brain and how it dealt with simultaneous conflicting          (8)         

input, but every common-sense intuition suggests we should be profoundly

alarmed. This violation of concentration, silence, solitude goes to the very

heart of our notion of literacy; this new form of part reading, of part-

perception  against  background  distraction, enders  impossibly  certain        (9)         

essential acts of apprehension and concentration, leave alone that most

important tribute any human being can pay on a poem or a piece of prose he or     (10)         

she really loves, which is to learn it by heart. Not by brain, by heart; the

expression is vital.

 

PART V    TRANSLATION [60 MIN.]

SECTION A   CHINESE TO ENGLISH

Translate the following text into English. Write your translation on ANSWER SHEET THREE.

 

书房永远是令人向往的去处。

我从事笔耕数十年,从来没有一间自己的书房,一间独立的、完整的、名副其实的书房,我多次迁居,从大城市直至外省人烟稀少的小山村。每次搬家时,惟有书籍最累人,也最难舍弃。我爱书,说不上藏书丰富,日积月累倒也可观,几经迁移,不但没有损失,反而日益增多,因为居处的局限,每每有书满为患之感。现在我的卧室就是书房,群书延伸到小卫生间的大书架上,无法腾出一室作书房.

 


SECTION B    ENGLISH TO CHINESE

Translate the following text into Chinese. Write your translation on ANSWER SHEET THREE.

The love of beauty is an essential part of all healthy human nature. It is a moral quality. The absence of it is not an assured ground of condemnation, but the presence of it is an invariable sign of goodness of heart. In proportion to the degree in which it is felt will probably be the degree in which nobleness and beauty of character will be attairled.

Natural beauty is an all-pervading presence. The universe is its temple. It unfolds into the numberless flowers of spring. It waves in the branches of trees and the green blades of grass. It haunts the depths of the earth and the sea. It gleams from the hues of the shell and the precious stone. And not only these minute objects but the oceans, the mountains, the clouds, the stars, the rising and the setting sun—all overflow with beauty. This beauty is so precious, and so congenial to our tenderest and noblest feelings, that it is painful to think of the multitude of people living in the midst of it and yet remaining almost blind to it.

 

PART Ⅵ   WRITING [45 MIN. ]

With the rapid increase in the cost of college, many people say that the costs of the 4-year college are not worth the return of the investment, and that many jobs do not require a college degree .Is a college degree necessary in today’s world? You are to write an essay of about 400 words on the following topic, expressing you point of view.

IS A COLLEGE DEGREE NECESSARY IN TODAY’S WORLD?

In the first part of your writing you should present your thesis statement, and in the second part you should support the thesis statement with appropriate details, hi flu-last part you should bring what you have written to a natural conclusion or a summary.

Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriateness. Failure to follow the above instructions may result in a. loss of marks.

Write your composition on ANSWER SHEET FOUR.

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2010-10-22 16:22 编辑:juliatt
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