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户外运动大有裨益

所属:生活杂谈 作者:网络转载 阅读:9592 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

想不想培养一个健康活泼的学生?那就带你的孩子到户外吧,充分地去接触大自然,“别把孩子闷在家中”!
Want to nurture a healthy, motivated student? Send your child outside for a daily dose of nature, say advocates of the No Child Left Inside movement.
一旦开学,孩子们往往喜欢在室内“冬眠”,但研究表明让孩子多到阳光充足和空气新鲜的绿地活动,这样做都可以降低孩子多动症的症状,从而改善情绪和提高学习成绩。据环境心理学积极杂志发表的研究显示,接触大自然可以让人们变得更活泼;有些人说这种活力可以转变为更高的学习动力和能力。
Once the school year starts, kids tend to hibernate indoors, but studies suggest that giving children access to green spaces, sunlight and fresh air can do everything from reduce symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder to improve mood and academic performance. Spending time in nature makes us feel more alive, according to research published in the Journal of Environmental Psychology; some say this vitality can translate into increased motivation and capacity for learning.
自然野生动物联合会(一个倡导性的组织)建议每天尽量让孩子在大自然中自由玩耍一个小时。而有些孩子,居住的地方不能或不适宜做户外活动,那么“绿色”一小时可以去公园、后院和走廊玩。
Each day, try giving kids one hour of unstructured play in the natural world, suggests the National Wildlife Federation, an advocacy group. For children who live in areas where unsupervised outdoor play isn't safe or accessible, a "green" hour can take place in a park, backyard, even on a porch.
现提供一些去户外运动的小贴士:
Some tips to encourage outdoor play:
父母陪同。一位名叫Tanya Berry的艾伯塔大学的体育教育研究员说过,如果你很喜欢去户外玩,那么你的孩子也会喜欢。她建议少让孩子接触电视电脑等来降低室内的吸引力。
Go with them. If you're excited about going outside, your kids will be, too, said Tanya Berry, a physical education researcher at the University of Alberta. She suggests limiting media use to reduce the pull from the indoors.
接纳新事物。采取一些方法。我的儿子喜欢在胡同里捡"财宝"(又叫垃圾),所以最近我们注册了一个“认养海滩”的清理计划。公园、树林、高速公路和院子里都需要清理。
Adopt something. My boys love picking up "treasures" (aka garbage) in the alleys, so we recently signed up for an "adopt a beach" cleanup program. Parks, forests, highways and yards all need cleaning up.
设计个活动。孩子们都是积极的“侦探";到当地的自然或生态中心去”寻宝“,这样可以锻炼孩子们解决问题和视觉排查能力,或者去naturerocks.org网站上找些亲近家庭和适龄儿童的游戏。
Find an event. Children are enthusiastic detectives; check out local nature or ecology centers for scavenger hunts、、、, which help develop problem-solving and visual-discrimination skills. Or try naturerocks.org to find activities close to home and tailored to your child's age.
利用一些小器械。让孩子们带上矿工用的小型照明灯或者手电筒去给自家的院子来场改革,让他们晚上探索院子。白天大家可以搭个帐篷或给他们一个小放大镜去观察虫子和其他什么生物。也可以用双筒望远镜和罗盘。
Get gadgets. Transform the yard by equipping your children with headlamps or flashlights and letting them explore at night. During the day, pitch a tent in the yard or give them a small magnifying glass to watch bugs and other creatures. Try binoculars and compasses, too.
组建或参加家庭自然俱乐部。《树林里最后一个孩子》(阿尔冈金$14.95)的作者Richard Louv说,当各个家庭聚在一起时可以去徒步旅行、做园艺活动或者参加“小溪开荒”活动——与单个家庭外出活动相比,孩子们觉得多个家庭一起玩更具有吸引力。作者用“自然缺失症”来形容现代社会脱离自然界的现状。“孩子们与自然的网络”推广家庭自然俱乐部。
Create or join a family nature club. When families get together — to hike, garden or even take part in a stream reclamation — the kids tend to play more creatively by themselves or with others than during single-family outings, said Richard Louv, author of "Last Child in the Woods" (Algonquin, $14.95), who coined the phrase "nature-deficit disorder" to describe our modern disconnect with the natural world. The Children & Nature Network promotes nature clubs for families.
做游戏。自然野生动物联合会发起的“到外面去”的活动中建议孩子多做户外运动。它还提出在后院设计个障碍物的场地,每次进行活动时都计时。或者玩猜字游戏,看谁先找到隐藏在地面上、树上或者天上的字母,;登陆nwf.org。树枝可以形成字母"y";一根草可以形成字母"i".可以让更大点的孩子拼写单词。
Play games. Create a backyard obstacle course and time each participant. Or play the alphabet game by finding letters hiding on the ground, in the trees or in the sky, suggests the National Wildlife Federation, which encourages outdoor activity in its Be Out There campaign; go to nwf.org. A branch can form a "y"; a blade of grass can be an "i." Have older children spell words.
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2010-10-21 20:17 编辑:kuaileyingyu
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