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英语专业四级模拟试题及参考答案(三)

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小编摘要:海词网精心准备了英语专业四级模拟试题,后附详细答案解析,备考专四的同学可以在考前模拟一下。

CLOZE[15 MIN.]

Decide which of the choices given below would correctly complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the correct choice for each blank on your ANSWER SHEET.

What is apartheid It is the policy of keeping Africans ___26___, and separate from Europeans.They are to be kept separate by not being ___27___ to live as citizens with rights in European towns. They ___28___ go to European towns to work, but they may not have their families ___29___; they must live in `Bantustans’, the native areas. They are not to ___30___ with Europeans by sitting in the same cafes, waiting rooms, compartments of trains, seats in parks, etc.Twelve percent of the ___31___ is left for the Africans to live and ___32___ on, and this is mostly dry, poor, mountainous land. ___33___ the Africans are three-quarters of the people. They are forced to go and work for the Europeans, not only because their lands do not grow enough food to ___34___ them, but also because they must earn money to pay their taxes. Each adult African man has to pay 1 pound a year poll tax, and ten shillings a year tax ___35___ his hut. When they go into European areas to work, they are not allowed to do ___36___work; they are hewers of wood and drawers of water, and their wage is about one-seventh of ___37___ a European would earn for the same kind of work.___38___a European employs an African to do skilled work of the kind ___39___ for Europeans, such as carpentry, both the European and his African employee may be fined 100 pounds. ___40___ African who takes part in a strike may be fined 500 pounds, and/or sent to prison for three years.

26. A. superior B. inferior C. equal D. ordinary

27. A. obliged B. encouraged C. allowed D. forced

28. A. cannot B. should C. must D. may

29. A. working B. there C. at home D. together

30. A. play B. talk C. mix D. live

31. A. country B. land C. field D. area

32. A. stand B. play C. farm D. inhabit

33. A. Yet B. When C. While D. However

34. A. give B. feed C. raise D. keep

35. A. to B. for C. with D. in

36. A. skilled B. skillful C. technological D. techniq

ue37. A. which B. that C. what D. how

38. A. Whether B. When C. Where D. If

39. A. conserved B. preserved C. reserved D. deserved

40. A. Some B. The C. An  D. Any

PART Ⅴ GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY[15 MIN.]

There are twenty-five sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word or phrase that correctly completes the sentence. Mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET.

41. The reporters exposed the corruption of several senior officers in the government; consequently, these officers____to resign from office.

A. have asked

B. were asked

C. had asked

D. had been asked

42. The train____ at the present speed until it reaches the next city at about seven o’clock this evening.

A. will be going

B. went

C. would go

D. went

43. Such____the case, there are no grounds to justify your complaints.

A. was

B. is

C. is being

D. being

44. I beg____ your nephew’s wedding.

A. to be excused

B. to be excused from

C. to excuse from

D. to be excused to

45. The only candidate____ can hope to defeat him is quit now.

A. who

B. which

C. that

D. when

46. Humble____ it may be, there’s no place like home, ____he may go.

A. like, when

B. as, wherever

C. although, where

D. which, wherever

47. He ought to attend the meeting,____

A. should he

B. ought he

C. shouldn’t he

D. oughtn’t he

48. Mary is 18 years old this year; she ____19 next year.

A. will be

B. is to be

C. is going to be

D. should be

49.Though it was late in the night,____ he continued to workvigorously.

A. but

B. yet

C. and

D. that

50. The doctor advised him to stay in bed, saying he was much____.

A. ill enough

B. too ill

C. so ill

D. very ill

51. I was ____ study French yesterday, but I changed my mind.

A. to be starting

B. to start

C. to have started

D. to have been starting

52. You’d rather go to theater with him this evening, ____

A. are you

B. hadn’t you

C. isn’t it

D. wouldn’t you

53. ____that the formation of the sun, the planets, and other stars began with the condensation of an interstellar gas cloud.

A. It is believed

B. Believing

C. Being believed

D. To believe

54. One of the most spectacular qualities of man is notably his____to any kind of natural environment.

A. tendency

B. adoptability

C. adaptability

D. availability

55. I’m in no____now to go to concert with you.

A. mood

B. intention

C. emotion

D. sense

56. The judger doesn’t know whether the witness is telling the truth, but he will ____it.

A. identify

B. enforce

C. distinguish

D. verify

57. Before the plane ____, the pilot bailed out.

A. clashed

B. crashed

C. smashed

D. struck

58. Doctors often make higher ____ for their works than they should.

A. charges

B. bills

C. costs

D. payments

59. Most of the earliest____into America came from Europe.

A. migrants

B. emigrants

C. immigrants

D. inhabitants

60. His name was on the____of my tongue, but I just couldn’t remember.

A. edge

B. rim

C. border

D. tip

61. I caught a____ of the name of the book before she put it into the drawer.

A. glimpse

B. glance

C. sight

D. stare

62. Once you become a soldier, you will be given a monthly____by the army.

A. income

B. allowance

C. wage

D. salary

63. I called at his house but was refused____.

A. admission

B. access

C. reception

D. admittance

64. All too____it was time to go back to school after the Spring Festival.

A. quick

B. soon

C. fast

D. speedy

65. He handled the company in____with his brother.

A. combination

B. mixture

C. collaboration

D. association

PART ⅥREADING COMPREHENSION[30 MIN.]

SECTION AREADING COMPREHENSION[25 MIN.]

In this section there are four passages followed by questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the correct answer. Mark your choices on your ANSWER SHEET.PART Ⅵ READING COMPREHENSION[30 MIN.]

SECTION A READING COMPREHENSION

In this section there are five passages followed by questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the correct answer. Mark your choices on your ANSWER SHEET.

TEXT A

Nobody’s Watching Me

I am a foot taller than Napoleon and twice the weight of Twiggy; on my only visit to a beautician, the woman said she found my face a challenge. Yet despite these social disadvantages I feel cheerful, happy, confident and secure.I work for a daily newspaper and so get to a lot of places I would otherwise never see. This year I went to Ascot to write about the people there. I saw something there that made me realize the stupidity of trying to conform,of trying to be better than anyone else. There was a small, plump woman, all dressed up—— huge hat, dress with pink butterflies, long white gloves. She also had a shooting stick. But because she was so plump, when she sat on the stick it went deep into the ground and she couldn’t pull it out. She tugged and tugged, tears of rage in her eyes. When the final tug brought it out, she crashed with it to the ground.”
I saw her walk away. Her day had been ruined. She had made a fool of herself in public— she had impressed nobody. In her own sad, red eyes she was a failure.
I remember well when I was like that, in the days before I learned that nobody really cared what you do . . .I remember the pain of my first dance, something that is always meant to be a wonderful occasion for a girl . . . There was a fashion then for diamante (人造钻石) ear-rings, and I wore them so often practicing for the big night that I got two great sores on my ears and had to put sticking-plaster on them. Perhaps it was this that made nobody want to dance with me. Whatever it was, there I sat for four hours and 43 minutes. When I came home, I told my parents that I had a marvelous time and that my feet were sore from dancing. They were pleased at my success and they went to bed happily, but l went to my room and tore the bits of sticking-plaster off my ears and felt forlorn and disconsolate.

66. The beautician found the writer’s face a `challenge’, which means____.

A. she thought it was a challenge to have such a face repaired

B. she thought it was a challenge to deal with such a face

C. the writer’s face challenged the beautician’s

D. it was a challenge to find the writer’s face

67. In the second paragraph, the word `plump’ can be replaced by which word

A. Heavy.B. Slim.C. Ugly.D. Stout.

68. According to the writer, what was the main reason for the failure of her first dance

A. She was too shy and kept quiet.

B. She was not attractive.

C. She wore diamante earring.

D. She was not in fashion.

TEXT B

The Virus Hunters

The mouth of the Amazon River has long been a starting place for hunters going to the jungles of Brazil. In recent years it has been, too, the headquarters for a middle-aged American couple who hunt the smallest living things and perhaps the most deadly——viruses. Dr Causey and his wife have discovered more new types and more old ones in new places than all of the other search teams. Dr. Causey insists that the couple’s success is due more to the number of viruses in the forests of the Amazon than to the skill he and his wife have developed during their eighteen years of work in Brazil.
“We have found the loveliest diseases right in our backyard,” he told me one day as we walked through a light rain along a jungle trail.
“Oh, these viruses are here all right. There is in the jungle a great pool of disease which is carried in the blood of animals and birds. Some of the diseases can be caught by people. It may be that we shall find that the jungle is a great center of virus disease and that it overflows from here to other parts of the world. It may be that birds carry the viruses to far countries. It may be that some viruses which presently reproduce in man without making him ill, may change and become deadly to him.‘Viruses waiting for a disease,’ they are sometimes called. This is just an idea, you understand. We do not know, but it is important that we find out, and the first step in finding out is to learn what viruses there are in the jungles.”
There is a Brazilian story about the beginning of the world which goes: “When God was making the world he tried to keep everything in balance. When he made a desert, he provided it with some green places. When he made a land that was beautiful, he gave it storms and other terrible things caused by the weather. Where the earth was rich below the surface, it was also made hard to live on, where the land could be farmed, the weather was made too hot or too cold or too dry. Where there was enough water, God made it so that there should sometimes be too much water.
“But in one place God made a land that was rich, where everything grew easily. Where it was not too hot and certainly not too cold, where animals were plentiful and fruit hung from the trees all the year round.”
“The angels looked at this loveliness and were jealous of man. They asked God if this was not too beautiful, too much like heaven, this valley of the Amazon.”And God said, “True, this land looks like heaven, but wait until you see what happens to man when he tries to live in it.”

69. When Dr. Causey said, “We have found the loveliest diseases right in our backyard,” he meant____.

A. new viruses have just been discovered

B. his discovery was a bit frightening

C. he and his wife were surrounded by harmful viruses

D. his job was exciting

70. “Viruses waiting for a disease” refers to____.

A. those viruses carried in the blood of animals

B. some viruses which are at present harmless to man

C. the viruses that reproduce in man without making him ill

D. the still-not-yet-discovered viruses in the jungle

71. When the author cited the Brazilian legend he was____.

A. trying to add a little humor

B. trying to illustrate his earlier point

C. simply joking

D. being religious

TEXT C

The year 1400 opened with more peacefulness than usual in England. Only a few months before, Richard II, weak, wicked, and treacherous,had been deposed(废黜),and Herry IV declared king in his stead. But it was only a seeming peacefulness, lasting for but a little while; for though King Herry proved himself a just and a merciful man——as justice and mercy went with the men of iron of those days——and though he did not care to shed blood needlessly, there were many noble families who had been benefited by King Richard during his reign, and who had lost somewhat of their power and prestige from the coming in of the new king.
Among these were a number of great lords who had been degraded from their former titles and estates, from which degradation King Richard had lifted them. They planned to fall upon King Herryand his followers and to massacre(屠杀)them during a great tournament(中世纪的马上比武大会) which was being held at Oxford. And they might have succeeded had not one of their own members betrayed them.
But Herry did not appear at the lists; whereupon, knowing that he had been lodging at Windsor with only a few attendants, the conspirators marched there against him. In the meantime, the king had been warned of the plot, so that instead of finding him in the royal castle, they discovered through their scouts that he had hurried to London, and that he was marching against them at the head of a considerable army. So nothing was left but flight. One and another, they were all caught and some killed. Those few who found friends faithful and bold enough to afford them shelter dragged those friends down in their own ruin.

72. Why did the nobles wish to kill Herry

A. Herry had taken away power given to them by Richard.

B. Herry was weak, wicked, and treacherous.

C. Herry had needlessly killed members of their families.

D. Herry had killed King Richard.

73. How did King Herry find out about the plot

A. His scouts discovered it.

B. He saw the conspirators coming.

C. One of the conspirators told him.

D. He found a copy of the conspirators’ plan.

74. What does the author seem to think of King Herry

A. He was the best king England had ever had.

B. He was unfair and cowardly.

C. He was just as evil as King Richard.

D. He was a better ruler than King Richard.

TEXT D

Although the United States cherishes the tradition it is a nation of small towns and wide open spaces, only one in every eight Americans now lives on a farm. The recent population trend has been a double one, toward both urbanization and suburbanization. Metropolitan areas have grown explosively in the past decade, and nearly half this increase has been in the suburbs. With the rapid growth of cities has come equally rapid decentralization. The flight of Americans from the central city to the suburbs constitutes one of the greatest migrations of modern times; quite residential sections outside cities have become conglomerations of streets, split-level houses, and shopping centers.
This spurt of suburban expansion, however, does not alter the basic fact that the United States has become one of the most urban nations on the face of the earth. Census Bureau figures show that the rural population has been shrinking steadily since 1830. When the United States became a nation it had no large cities at all; today some fifty cities have population of more than 258,000. Mammoth complexes of cities are developing in the area of the East Coast and the east north-central states, on the Pacific and Gulf coasts, and near the shores of the Great Lakes. Some sociologists now regard the entire 600-mile stretch between Boston and Washington D.C.——an area holding a fifth of the country’s population——as one vast city or, as they call it, megalopolis.

75. The author says that trends are toward the____.

A. growth of cities and shrinking of suburban areas

B. growth of both rural and suburban areas

C. growth of urban and suburban areas

D. growth of suburban areas and shrinking of cities

76. Decentralization is best defined as ____.

A. movement from the central city to rural areas

B. movement from the central city to the suburbs

C. disorderly expansion of the central city

D. shrinking of metropolitan

77. One aspect of the recent population trend is the____.

A. development of complexes of cities

B. increasingly great distance between cities

C. transformation of cities into suburbs

D. growth of many small towns

TEXT E

A need for beauty, lightness, corrosion resistance, or other specific properties must be present before plastic can be considered as competitors of brick, window glass, cement, cast iron, or steel, since volumetric prices are so low for the last substance and for wood. It is not particularly unfortunate that plastics do not appear economical for every use. There is no reason why industry should want to replace wood, brick, concrete, and metals when the latter are adequate and inexpensive. Too much has been written about the coming “Plastics and Light Metal Age,” which is prophesized as the successor to the Stone Age, the Bronze Age, and the Iron Age. In the historical sequence of these earlier periods, there is logic in the quantitative sense; one age gave way to another when the use of a new material exceeded in quantity that of its predecessor. For the plastics and light metals, however, a different picture presents itself; less than 3,000,000 tons of all these materials are being produced annually, while steel production exceeded 90,000,000 tons last year and will probably not recede to less than 60,000,000 tons for many years. This is still the Iron Age or rather the Steel Age.

78. The writer considers that the Bronze Age succeeded the Stone Age because____.

A. there was a scarcity of wood and other building materials

B. bronze was less expensive than stone

C. stone was no longer available

D. more bronze than stone came into use

79. The writer regards the change to a “Plastic and Light Metal Age” in the near future as____.

A. necessaryB. desirable

C. improbableD. logical

80. The title that best expresses the idea of this passage is____.

A. New Uses for Plastics

B. How One Age Succeeds Another

C. Advantages of Plastics

D. Limitations on the Use of Plastics

SECTION BSKIMMING AND SCANNING [5 MIN.]

In this section there are five passages with a total of ten multiple-choice questions. Skim or scan them as required and then mark your answers on your ANSER SHEET.

TEXT F

First read the following questions.

81. What is the writer’s main point

A. Animals yawn for a number of reasons.

B. Yawning results only from fatigue or boredom.

C. Human yawns are the same as those of other animals.

D. Only social animals yawn.

82. What physiological reason for yawning is mentioned

A. To exercise the jaw muscles.

B. To eliminate fatigue.

C. To get greater strength for attacking.

D. To gain more oxygen.

Now skim the passage below and mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET.
Today’s discussion is about a common animal reaction—— the yawn. The dictionary defines a yawn as “an involuntary reaction to fatigue or boredom.” That’s certainly true for human yawns, but not necessarily for animal yawns. The same action can have quite different meanings in different species. For example, some animals yawn to intimidate intruders on their territory. Fish and lizards are examples of this. Hippos use yawns when they want to settle a quarrel. Observers have seen two hippos yawn at each other for as long as two hours before they stop quarreling. As for social animals like baboons or lions, they yawn to establish the pecking order within social groups, and lions often yawn to calm social tensions. Sometimes these animals yawn for a strictly physiological reason——that is, to increase oxygen levels. And curiously enough, when they yawn for a physical reason like that, they do what humans do—they try to stifle the yawn by looking away or by covering their mouths.

TEXT G

First read the following question.

83. The main idea of the passage is____.

A. women in Pakistan are liberated totally

B. women in Pakistan are entering men’s world

C. women in Pakistan should wear traditional clothes and stay at home

D. women in Pakistan are running some business completely

Now skim the passage below and mark your answer on your ANSWER SHEET.
In Pakistan the role of women is changing. Although wearing traditional clothing and staying at home used to be the rule, today many women are going into professions, such as medicine, law, and engineering. They comprise a large part of the workers in business and factories, and in addition, they are working up to important jobs which used to be held predominantly by men. There are even some businesses which are run completely by women. However, they still run up against roadblocks since many government jobs are closed to them, and certain jobs are not considered honorable for women. In general, they feel they are more liberated now and have an alternative to their old way of life.

TEXT H

First read the following questions.

84. Which statement is true about first aid

A. It usually makes the services of a doctor unnecessary.

B. It is usually done by someone who is not a doctor.

C. It is usually done by a doctor.

D. It is usually done by the victim himself.

85. Which factor does first aid not usually include

A. Telling where the nearest hospital is.

B. Telephoning a friend or relative.

C. Finding out the cause of the accident.

D. Summoning an ambulance.

Now skim the passage below and mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET.
First aid may be defined as the immediate and temporary care given to a victim of an accident or serious illness until the supersedes of a physician can be obtained. First aid commences with the steadying effect upon the stricken person when he realizes that competent hands will help him. The emergency situation often causes confusion in the mind of the victim, things seem unreal and remote, and he often cannot think clearly and rationally for some time. The emotional reaction which results from a serious accident takes time to subside. Therefore, first aid is more than the physical attention dressing his injuries or making him comfortable. It is the general mental effect that the well-selected word of encouragement, the expression of willingness to help, the uplifting effect of the first aider’s evident capability can be given. The thoughtful for suggestions made to solve immediate problems, the information given concerning nearby physicians and hospitals, the telephone call to summon medical help or an ambulance or to notify a relative, these too are first aid. The good first aider deals with the whole situation, the person and the injury. He knows what not to do as well as to do. Thus, he avoids the error so commonly made through well meant but misguided efforts. He confines his procedures to what is necessary, keeping the handling of injured parts to a minimum.

TEXT I

First read the following questions.

86. Which service is NOT provided on some ships

A. Fully-equipped health spa.

B. Fitness classes.

C. Rock climbing wall.

D. Sumptuous midnight buffets.

87. How many lounges are provided on a ship

A. 6.B. 12.C. 8.D. 10.

88. How long does Cruise Itinerary ashore at Helsinki

A. 8 hours.B. 5 hours.C. 8.5 hours.D. 15.5 hours.

Now skim the passage below and mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET.
Cruise Itinerary Highlights

*24-hour room service

*Fine dining

*Fully-equipped health spa

*Live music and comedy shows

*Fitness classes

*Adventure Ocean youth activities

*Port-of-call lectures

*Creative theme parties

*Top 40 and Big Band lounges

*Casino with Caribbean stud poker

*Cooking demonstrations

*Broadway/Las Vegas-style entertainment

*Thousands of balcony cabins

*Sumptuous midnight buffets

*Up to a dozen bars and lounges

*Rock climbing wall, some ships

*Ice skating rink, some ships

*Johnny Rocket’s 50’s dinner, some ships

10-day Europe - Northern cruise aboard Cruise Itinerary

DayPorts of CallArrivalDeparture

1Copenhagen---11:00

2At Sea------3Stockholm7:00 a.m.5:30 p.m.

4Helsinki8:30 a.m.5:00 p.m.

5St. Petersburg6:30 a.m.

6St. Petersburg---5:30p.m.

7Tallinn7:00 a.m.1:00 p.m.

8Gdansk10:00 a.m.7:00 p.m.

9At Sea------

10Oslo7:00 a.m.1:00 p.m.

11Copenhagen5:00 a.m.1:00 p.m.

TEXT J

First read the following questions.

89. Which one of the following is NOT the factor contributing to the success of the Rolling Stones group

A. Less boyish.B. More aggressive music.

C. Uninhibited life style.

D. More rebellion style.

90. When was the album The Stone Detroit published

A. 1964.B. 1970.C. 1984.D. 1994.

Now skim the passage below and mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET.
Rolling Stones

The rock group, members Mick Jagger (1943-- ) vocals, Keith Richards (1943-- ) g

uitar, Bill Wyman (1936-- ) bass, Charlie Watts (1941-- ) drums, Ron Wood (1947-

- ) guitar, former member Brian Jones (1942--69) guitar, one of the longest-runn

ing and most successful popular music groups to emerge in the 1960s. They first

performed together in 1962. At first, they were very much in the shadow of The B

eatles, but their less boyish, more rebellious style together with their more ag

gressive music soon won them a large following. Although their uninhibited life

styles and overtly sexual lyrics often hit the headlines, it was the excellence

of their compositions (usually by Jagger and Richard) that ensured their continu

ing success. Among their early hits were “The Last Time” and “Satisfaction”. L

ater albums include Exile on Main Street (1972) and Tattoo You (1981).

1964The Rolling Stones

1965The Rolling Stones Now!

1966Big Hits (High Tide, Green Grass)

1967Between the Buttons

1968Beggars Banquet

1969Through the Past, Darkly (Big Hits, Vol. 2)

1970The Stones Detroit

1971Sticky Fingers

1972Exile On Main Street

1973Goat’s Head Soup

1974It’s Only Rock and Roll

1975Made in the Shade

1975Metamorphosis

1976Black and Blue

1977Love You Live

1978Some Girls

1980Emotional Rescue

1981Sucking in the Seventies

1982Still Life

1983Undercover

1984Rewind (1971-1984)

1986Dirty Work

1989Steel Wheels

1991Flashpoint

1993Jump Back: the Best of the Rolling Stones

1994Voodoo Lounge

1995Stripped

1996Rock and Roll Circus

1997Bridges to Babylon

1998No Security

44
2010-10-18 10:37 编辑:juliatt
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