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英语专业四级模拟试题及参考答案(一)

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小编摘要:海词网精心准备了英语专业四级模拟试题,后附详细答案解析,备考专四的同学可以在考前模拟一下。

PART III CLOZE (15 MIN)
  Decide which of the choices given below would best complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the best choice for each blank on your ANSWER SHEET.
  More and more residences, businesses, and even government agencies are using telephone answering machines to take messages or give information or instructions. Sometimes these machines give (31) ______ instructions, or play messages that are difficult to understand. If you (32) ______ telephone calls, you need to be ready to respond when you get a (33) ______.
  The most common machine is the (34) ______ used in residence. If you call a home (35) ______ there is a telephone answering machine (36) _______ you will hear several rings and then a recorded message that (37) ______ says something like this: "Hello,. We can’t come to the (38) ______ right now. If you want us to call you back, please leave your name and number after the beep." Then you will hear a "beep," (39) ______ is a brief, high-pitched (40) ______. After the beep, you can say who you are, whom you want to speak to, and what number the person should call to (41) ______ you, or you can leave a (42) ______. Some telephone answering machines record for only 20 or 30 seconds after the beep, (43) ______ you must respond quickly. Some large businesses and government agencies are using telephone answering machines to provide information on (44) ______ about which they receive a large volume of (45) ______. Generally specking, using these systems (46) ______ you to have a touchtone phone. The voice on the machine will tell you to (47) ______ a certain button on you telephone if you want information on Topic A, another button for Topic B, and so on. You listen (48) ______ you hear the topic you want to learn about, and then you push the (49) ______ button. Immediately after making your (50) ______, you will hear a recorded message on the topic.
  31. A. disturbing B. annoyi8ng C. confusing D. surprising
  32. A. take B. make C. answer D. receive
  33. A. repairing B. recovering C. retelling D. recording
  34. A. type B. kind C. sort D. character
  35. A. which B. where C. that D. when
  36. A. in hand B. in detail C. in operation D. in dispute
  37. A. impossibly B. hardly C. always D. usually
  38. A. place B. phone C. home D. room
  39. A. that B. who C. what D. which
  40. A. tune B. noise C. voice D. tone
  41. A. catch B. tell C. reach D. meet
  42. A. note B. record C. message D. speech
  43. A. so B. therefore C. although D. thus
  44. A. topics B. things C. arguments D. concerns
  45. A. questions B. inquiries C. problems D. complaints
  46. A. commands B. requires C. asks D. requests
  47. A. push B. pull C. drag D. throw
  48. A. when B. after C. until D. before
  49. A. correct B. wrong C. random D. appropriate
  50. A. selection B. solution C. experiment D. decision

PART IV GRAMMAR & VOCABULARY (15 MIN)
  There are thirty sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or phrases phrase marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Choose one word or that best completes the sentence.
  Mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET.
  51. The fact that during the first week the takings of the circus ______ not enough to cover the purchase of fodder for the animals frustrated all of us.
  A. being B. is C. was D. were
  52. Fruit pickers are paid at the _____ of ’4.00 an hour.
  A. rate B. scale C. sum D. value
  53. Fumes from the exhaust of an automobile are ______.
  A. notorious B. anxious C. noxious D. delicious
  54. George wasn’t in class today, Professor Brown excused him ______.
  A. from attending B. of attending C. to attend D. attending
  55. Class will _____ at a high temperature and will be in a liquid condition.
  A. dissolve B. disappear C. melt D. evaporate
  56. After several days’ investigation, the police found out one clue that voices were heard ______ for help from some very distant place that night.
  A. to call B. called C. calling D. call
  57. I ______ to the theatre with you to watch that movie but I was too busy at my paper at that time.
  A. would go B. went C. was to have gone D. was to go
  58. He appeared _____ with our team’s performance.
  A. satisfying B. to be satisfying C. to satisfy D. satisfied
  59. Sarah is the only one of all the students of this high school who ______ by Peking University.
  A. are admitted B. was admitted C. were admitted D. is admitted
  60. More than once, I believe everybody else in our company would agree with me, ______ him to make such promises but he never made it actually.
  A. we heard B. we have heard C. have we heard D. and have heard
  61. After ______ appeared to be an endless waiting, it was her turn to be examined.
  A. that B. where C. which D. what
  62. It is only when you overcome all difficulties and reach your goal ______ fully aware that the way to success is not paved with flowers.
  A. do you become B. then you become C. that you become D. have you become
  63. The chief reason for the spreading of the disease isn’t so much a fall in living conditions ______ a rise in it.
  A. as B. like C. than D. but
  64. Hamlet _____ his father’s death on his uncle.
  A. reversed B. reverted C. revenged D. revealed
  65. He _____ tennis every day since he ______ sixteen.
  A. has played... is B. played... has been C. was playing...has been D. has been playing...was
  66. He delivered _____ orders for a Chinese restaurant for the whole summer vacation so as to earn enough money for his tuition.
  A. takeoff B. takeover C. takeup D. takeout
  67. He does not _____ as a teacher of English as his pronunciation is terrible.
  A. equal B. match C. qualify D. fit
  68. He finished _____ in the 1,500-meter run.
  A. champion B. championship C. first D. No. one
  69. He has been asked to account _____ his absence.
  A. for B. on C. of D. about
  70. He has failed me so many times that I no longer place any _____ on what he promises.
  A. faith B. belief C. credit D. reliance
  71. He is _____ the run from the police.
  A. in B. off C. on D. after
  72. He is an artist with seemingly unlimited _____.
  A. creativity B. creature C. creation D. creative
  73. He believed that the greatest of his _____ was that he’d never had a college education.
  A. grieves B. misfortunes C. disasters D. sorrows
  74. He knows the rules but does not know how to ______ it.
  A. control B. direct C. apply D. run
  75. He made a ____ inspection of the doors and the windows before leaving.
  A. slowly B. leisurely C. carefully D. seriously
  76. Ten days before, the Captain’s word was that every sailor, old or young, ______ by that new rules and regulations.
  A. abide B. abode C. abiding D. was to abide
  77. He made such a _____ contribution to the university that they are naming one of the new building after him.
  A. genuine B. minimum C. modest D. generous
  78. He must have had an accident, or he _____ then.
  A. would have been here B. had to be here
  C. should be here D. would be here
  79. Every man and every woman kidnapped three days ago in South Africa ______ to being set free and to walking out of that room so eagerly now that they start shouting.
  A. looking forward B. look forward C. looked forward D. looks forward
  80. He often sat in a small bar drinking considerably more than _____.
  A. he was in good health B. his health was good
  C. his good health was D. was good for his health
PART V READING COMPREHENSION (25 MIN)
  In this section there are four passages followed by questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Choose the one that you think is the best answer.
  Mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET.
  TEXT A
  It is possible for students to obtain advanced degree in English while knowing little or nothing about traditional scholarly methods. The consequences of this neglect of traditional scholarship are particularly unfortunate for the study of women writers. If the canon-the list of authors whose works are most widely taught-is ever to include more women, scholars must be well trained in historical scholarship and textual editing. Scholars who do not know how to read early manuscripts, locate rare books, establish a sequence of editions, and so on are lacking crucial tools for revising the canon.
  To address such concerns, an experimental version of the traditional scholarly methods course was designed to raise students’ consciousness about the usefulness of traditional learning for any modern critic or theorist. To minimize the artificial aspects of the conventional course, the usual procedure of assigning a large number of small problems drawn from the entire range of historical periods was abandoned, though this procedure has the obvious advantage of at least superficially familiarizing students with; a wide range of reference sources.① Instead students were engaged in a collective effort to do original work on a neglected eighteenth century writer, Elizabeth Griffith, to give them an authentic experience of literary scholarship and to inspire them to take responsibility for the quality of their own work.
  Griffith’s work presented a number of advantages for this particular pedagogical purpose. First, the body of extant scholarship on Griffith was so tiny that it could be all read in a day, thus students spent little time and effort mastering the literature and had a clear field for their own discoveries. Griffith’s play-The Platonic Wife exists in three visions, enough to provide illustrations of editorial issues but not too many for beginning students to manage. In addition, because Griffith was successful in the eighteenth century, as her continued productivity and favorable reviews demonstrate, her exclusion from the canon and virtual disappearance from literary history also helped raise issues concerning the current canon.
  The range of Griffith’s work meant that each student could become the world’s leading authority on a particular Griffith text. For example, a student studying Griffith’s Wife in the Right obtained a first edition of the play and studied it for some weeks. This student was suitably shocked and outraged to find its title transformed into A Wife in the Night in Watt’s Bibliotheca Britannica. Such experiences, inevitable and common in working on a writer to whom so little attention has been paid serve to vaccinate the students-I hope for a lifetime-against credulous use of reference sources.②  
  81. The author of the passage is primarily concerned with ______.
  A. revealing a commonly ignored deficiency
  B. proposing a return to traditional method
  C. describing an attempt to correct a shortcoming
  D. assessing the success of a new pedagogical approach
  82. Which of the following is a disadvantage of the strategy employed in the experimental scholarly methods course?
  A. Students were not given an opportunity to study women writers outside the canon.
  B. Students had little background knowledge for further research.
  C. Most of the students in the course had little opportunity to study 18th century literature.
  D. Students were not given an opportunity to encounter certain sources of information that could prove useful in their future studies.
  83. The "particular pedagogical purpose" mentioned in Paragraph 3 is to ______.
  A. minimize the trivial aspects of the traditional scholarly methods course
  B. encourage scholarly rigor in students’ own research
  C. reestablish Griffith’s reputation as an author
  D. bridge the gap between the new method and the traditional approach
  84. It can be inferred that the author expects, that the experience of the student mentioned as having studied Wife in the Right would have the effect that ______.
  A. it would lead the student to have a clear understanding of the editors
  B. it would teach the student to question the accuracy of certain kinds of information sources when studying neglected authors
  C. it would teach the student to avoid the use of reference sources in studying neglected authors D. it would enhance the student’s appreciation of the works of authors not include in the canon
  85. What is the function of the last paragraph in relation to the passage as a whole?
  A. It summarizes the benefits students can derive from the experimental scholarly methods course.
  B. It provides additional reasons why Griffith’s works raises issues having to do with the canon of authors.
  C. It provides an illustration of the immediate nature of the experiences students can derive from the experimental scholarly methods course.
  D. It contrasts the experience of a student in the experimental scholarly methods course with the experience of a student in the traditional course.
TEXT B
  Cultural norms so completely surround people, so permeate thought and action, that we never recognize the assumptions on which their lives and their sanity rest. As one observer put it, if birds were suddenly endowed with scientific curiosity they might examine many things, but the sky itself would be overlooked as a suitable subject; if fish were to become curious about the world, it would never occur to them to begin by investigating water.① For birds and fish would take the sky and sea for granted, unaware of their profound influence because they comprise the medium for every fact. Human beings, in a similarly way, occupy a symbolic universe governed by codes that are unconsciously acquired and automatically employed. So much so that they rarely notice that the ways they interpret and talk about events are distinctively different from the ways people conduct their affairs in other cultures.
  As long as people remain blind to the sources of their meanings, they are imprisoned within them. These cultural frames of reference are no less confining simply because they cannot be seen or touched. Whether it is an individual neurosis that keeps an individual out of contact with his neighbors, or a collective neurosis that separates neighbors of different cultures, both are forms of blindness that limit what can be experienced and what can be learned from others.②
  It would seem that everywhere people would desire to break out of the boundaries of their own experiential worlds. Their ability to react sensitively to a wider spectrum of events and peoples requires an overcoming of such cultural parochialism. But, in fact, few attain this broader vision. Some, of course, have little opportunity for wider cultural experience, though this condition should change as the movement of people accelerates. Others do not try to widen their experience because they prefer the old and familiar, seek from their affairs only further confirmation of the correctness of their own values. Still others recoil from such experiences because they feel it dangerous to probe too deeply into the personal or cultural unconscious. Exposure may reveal how tenuous and arbitrary many cultural norms are; such exposure might force people to acquire new bases for interpreting events. And even for the many who do seek actively to enlarge the variety of human beings with whom they are capable of communicating there are still difficulties.
  Cultural myopia persists not merely because of inertia and habit, but chiefly because it is so difficult to overcome. One acquires a personality and a culture in childhood, long before he is capable of comprehending either of them. To survive, each person masters the perceptual orientations, cognitive biases, and communicative habits of his own culture. But once mastered, objective assessment of these same processes is awkward since the same mechanisms that are being evaluated must be used in making the evaluations.
  86. The examples of birds and fish are used to ______.
  A. show that they, too, have their respective cultures
  B. explain humans occupy a symbolic universe as birds and fish occupy the sky and the sea
  C. illustrate that human beings are unaware of the cultural codes governing them
  D. demonstrate the similarity between man, birds, and fish in their ways of thinking
  87. The term "parochialism" (Line 3, Para. 3) most possibly means ______.
  A. open-mindedness B. provincialism C. superiority D. discrimination
  88. It can be inferred from the last two paragraphs that ______.
  A. everyone would like to widen their cultural scope if they can
  B. the obstacles to overcoming cultural parochialism lie mainly in people’s habit of thinking
  C. provided one’s brought up in a culture, he may be with bias in making cultural evaluations
  D. childhood is an important stage in comprehending culture
  89. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?
  A. Individual and collective neurosis might prevent communications with others.
  B. People in different cultures may be governed by the same cultural norms.
  C. People’s visions will be enlarged if only they knew that cultural differences exist.
  D. If cultural norms are something tangible, they won’t be so confining.
  90. The passage might be entitled "______."
  A. How to Overcome Cultural Myopia B. Behavioral Patterns and Cultural Background
  C. Harms of Cultural Myopia D. Cultural Myopia-A Deep-rooted Collective Neurosis
TEXTC
  A Holy Week procession (Settimana Santa) is an event taking place in Holy Week, most often in a country with traditional Roman Catholic culture. This tradition goes back a long way, to a Christian use in medieval times and in some cases there are testimonies dating back to the XVI century. The Easter period is an incredibly important time in the calendar of this largely Roman Catholic nation, and events are used to mark the occasion throughout Italy. One of the most important of these occurs in Rome on Good Friday, when the Pope leads a procession past the Colosseum and the Roman Forum right up to the ancient Palatine Hill. Then on Easter Sunday the Pontiff holds Mass and gives a blessing to the crowd from the balcony of St Peter’s Basilica.
  Around of the country Italians celebrate the Easter period with processions and plays depicting Christ’s final hours. Easter feasts are also a part of Italian celebrations; typical fare includes spring lambs and lots of sweet bread, cakes and special chocolates.
  In today’s world where the festivals can often be taken for granted as just a great party, it is the novena, and the other religious aspects that keep the true link to the past alive. Our secular society is often at odds with the value systems that brought about these religious festivals and yet it seems that the younger generations still enjoy participating. The older generations often lament the loss of faith in the young people and wonder how religious festivals can survive without losing their soul. However, the fact is nothing in human culture is static and every generation celebrates in their own way, often against the wishes of the elders. Some of the larger festivals have become annual tourist attractions, bringing in needed revenue to the old Italian American communities that hold the events and often benefiting the city as a whole.  
  91. Which of the following is INCORRECT?
  A. This procession has a long history.
  B. The procession has wide influence.
  C. The procession occurs in countries with traditional Roman Catholic culture only.
  D. The procession may originate from 16th century.
  92. Which of the following is the activity held in Easter period?
  A. Processions B. Plays C. Feasts D. All of the above.
  93. The author’s attitude towards the modern secular society is ______.
  A. Commendatory B. objective C. incredulity D. absurd
  94. Which of the following is true?
  A. Nowadays the festivals are purely commercial.
  B. Young people enjoy the festivals because they are religious.
  C. The older generations are worried about the death of these festivals.
  D. The older generations are concerned about the change of these festivals.

TEXTD
  Parkour is a physical activity that is difficult to categorize. It is not an extreme sport, but an art or discipline that resembles self-defense in the martial arts. According to David Belle, "the physical aspect of parkour is getting over all the obstacles in your path as you would in an emergency. You want to move in such a way, with any movement, as to help you gain the most ground on someone or something, whether escaping from it or chasing toward it.① Thus, when faced with a hostile confrontation with a person, one will be able to speak, fight, or flee. As martial arts are a form of training for the fight, parkour is a form of training for the flight. Because of its unique nature, it is often said that parkour is in its own category: "Parkour is parkour."
  An important characteristic of parkour is efficiency. Practitioners move not only as fast as they can, but also in the least energy-consuming and most direct way possible. This characteristic distinguishes it from the similar practice of free running, which places more emphasis on freedom of movements, such as acrobatics. Efficiency also involves avoiding injuries, short and long-term, part of why parkour’s unofficial motto is tre et durer (to be and to last).
  Tracers claim that parkour also influences one’s thought process by enhancing critical thinking skills that allow one to overcome everyday physical and mental obstacles.
  There are fewer predefined movements in parkour than gymnastics, as it does not have a list of appropriate "moves." Each obstacle a tracer faces presents a unique challenge on how they can overcome it effectively, which depends on their body type, speed and angle of approach, the physical make-up of the obstacle, etc. Parkour is about training the body mind to react to those obstacles appropriately with a technique that works. Often that technique cannot and need not be classified and given a name. In many cases effective parkour techniques depend on fast redistribution of body weight and the use of momentum to perform seemingly impossible or difficult body maneuvers at speed. Absorption and redistribution of energy is also an important factor, such as body rolls when landing which reduce impact forces on the legs and spine, allowing a tracer to jump from greater heights than those often considered sensible in other forms of acrobatics and gymnastics.
  There are many basic techniques that are emphasized to beginners for their versatility and effectiveness. Most important are good jumping and landing techniques. The roll, used to limit impact after a drop and to carry one’s momentum onward, is often stressed as the most important technique to learn.② Many tracers develop joint problems from too many large drops and rolling incorrectly. Due to large drops parkour has sometimes received criticism for its questionable safety. Several communities in Great Britain have been warned by law enforcement or fire and rescue of the potential dangers of parkour. Although David Belle has never been seriously injured while practicing parkour, there is no careful study about the health issues of large drops and tracers stress gradual progression to avoid any problems.③
  95. Parkour participators ______.
  A. aim to exploit their potential strength B. move the longest distance they can endure
  C. practice prescriptive movements D. choose different paths to the terminals by themselves
  96. According to the passage," critical thinking skills" (Line 1, Para. 3) refers to skills of ______.
  A. judging and giving comments on something B. decisive thinking
  C. conquering crisis D. finding out essentials
  97. Which of the following is NOT a determinant to the effectiveness of parkour?
  A. Participator’s figure. B. Participator’s relative location to the obstacle.
  C. Participator’s reaction to the obstacle. D. Participator’s experience of parkour.
  98. The following are parkour techniques EXCEPT ______.
  A. reducing energy waste during the process B. making poses while moving at speed
  C. fighting against someone blocking the path D. preventing oneself from being injured or hurt
  99. What can we learn from the passage?
  A. Participators believe long-term effective practice can help avoid injuries.
  B. Beginners should train their endurance above all.
  C. To parkour participators, speed is much more important than safety.
  D. Large drops is the most difficult techniques of parkour.
  100. Which of the following activities is mostly close to parkour?
  A. Jogging. B. Obstacle race. C. Gymnastics. D. Acrobatic performance

PART VI WRITING (45 MIN)
  SECTION D COMPOSITION (35 MIN)
  Some merchants sell their fake commodities at the market place for more profit; there are also some government officials who sell people’s trust; senior officials who take bribes by selling the power in their hands are not a few. So some people hold the view that mankind is selfish and greedy. What do you think?
  Write on ANSWER SHEET TWO a composition of about 200 words on the following topic:
  Are People Selfish and Greedy Nowadays?
  You are to write in three parts.
  In the first part, state specifically what your opinion is.
  In the second part, provide one or two reasons to support your opinion.
  In the last part, bring what you have written to a natural conclusion or make a summary.
  Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriateness. Failure to follow the instructions may result in a loss of marks.
  SECTION E NOTE-WRITING (10 MIN)
  Write on ANSWER SHEET TWO a note of about 50 ~ 60 words based on the following situation:
  You visited your former teacher, Mrs. Zhang, but she was not at home. Write a note to show your appreciation for her constant encouragement in your high school English study.
  Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriateness.

  -THE END-

47
2010-10-18 10:02 编辑:juliatt
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