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中国的教育概况

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中国正规教育制度的历史可以追溯到公元前16世纪的商朝,很久以来,只有社会名流才能接受教育,而那时教育的唯一目的也仅仅是培养朝廷官员。
History
20世纪,中国在教育体系和教育政策方面有了巨大进步。文化大革命所带来的结果之一就是创立了普及教育政策。所有人民,不论收入多少,社会地位高低,都有相同的受教育权利。20世纪80年代初,科学技术对于经济发展不容小觑,中国共产党也开始在国家教育制度中强调这方面的教育。
China's formal education system can be traced as far back as 16 BC, to the Shang Dynasty. For a long time, Chinese education was solely for the elite and its only purpose was to produce government officials.
中国教育的重要意义
In the 20th century, China made huge advancements in its educational system and policies. One of the most important elements of the Cultural Revolution was the creation of a universal education policy. The entire population, regardless of income or class, was entitled to the same quality and level of education. Beginning in the early 1980s, the Chinese Communist Party began to stress science and technology in the country's educational system because these skills were seen as important in modernizing the country's economy.
在文化大革命期间,中国的教育以列宁主义思想为指导。那时的教育制度偏重于实际性和实用性的技能教育,比如对那些住在极为偏远很贫穷地区的人进行基本的医疗培训。
Significance
一些我们从西方采纳而来的技能也是文化大革命期间中国教育的直接结果。举个例子,像无痛分娩技术和护理人员的角色问题。通过向没有获得行医执照和资格的人们教授基础医疗技术,中国教育制度衍生出了一种新的医护工作,护士和护理人员可以做一个“临时医生”,给病人提供医疗帮助。
During the Cultural Revolution, education was based upon Leninist ideals. The educational system stressed the importance of teaching practical and accessible skills, including basic medical training, to those who lived in extremely rural and poor areas.
中国教育的类型
Some of the skills we have adopted in the Western world are a direct result of teachings in China during this period. Some examples include the Lamaze technique for childbirth and the general role of the paramedic. By teaching basic medical skills to people who did not possess a medical license or qualification, the Chinese system created a new type of medical job that allows nurses or paramedics to fill in for a doctor and administer medical aid.
中国的教育制度分为三个阶段:基础教育,高等教育和成人教育。中国法律规定,每个孩子必须接受9年的正规教育。
Types
基础教育是由学前教育(3—5岁)、小学(6—11岁)和初中(12—17岁)组成的。高等教育是由两年制职业大专、大学和研究生组成。中国同样也有提供给海外学习的教程内容。成年教育主要是扫盲教育,还有其他主要针对偏远地区的成年人展开的。
The Chinese educational system is divided into three categories: basic education, higher education, and adult education. Chinese law requires every child to have nine years of formal education. Basic education is comprised of pre-school (3-5 years old), primary school (6-11 years old), and secondary school (12-17 years old.) Higher education consists of vocational junior colleges, as well as universities and colleges that offer undergraduate or graduate programs. China also has an extensive program for supporting study abroad programs for its college students. Adult education is primarily composed of anti-illiteracy and other programs directed at adult groups, particularly in rural areas.
中国教育的规模
Size
中国是世界上人口最多的国家,非文盲率高达91%,和其他的现代化国家相比,中国的教育制度在世界上也能名列前茅。在中国,24岁以下的年轻学生约有6亿3千万,比美国、澳大利亚和俄罗斯加起来的总和还要多。全中国大约有100万所中小学校,有2亿1千2百万的中小学生,而美国只有5千2百万。
With the largest population in the world, and with a 91% literacy rate, China's educational system ranks highly, compared to other modernized nations. China has an estimated 630 million young students under the age of 24. This is larger than the US, Australia, and Russia combined. In the approximately 1 million primary and secondary schools throughout China, there are an estimated 212 million primary and secondary school students, compared with 52 million in the United States.
中国教育发展的注意事项
Considerations
这些有关中国教育制度的透明数据让人震惊。随着中国政府不断加大对我国教育政策方面投入的资源和资金,以及用高级的金融、商业、科学和科技技术武装本国学生,中国已然步入了经济超级大国的行列,而且毫无疑问,在未来的发展也必然一发不可收拾。中国对其人民,不论是富有现代的城市,还是穷困潦倒的乡村所制定的严格教育政策和所作出的承诺,都已经使中国的教育地位在世界上也赫赫有名。
The sheer numbers involved in China's educational system is staggering. With the amount of resources and money that the Chinese government is investing into its educational policies, and its attempt to modernize its country by equipping their young students with strong skills in finance, business, science, and technology, China has already become a powerful economic superpower, and will no doubt continue to grow rapidly in the future. The country's strict policies and commitment towards educating its population, from the rich urban cities to the impoverished rural villages, has raised its educational status to one of the highest ranked among the world's wealthiest countries.
标签:概况 教育 中国
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2010-10-15 16:50 编辑:kuaileyingyu
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