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【改错训练】专业八级改错练习(一)

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About half of the infant and maternal deaths in developing countries could
be avoided if women had used family planning methods to prevent high risk ____1____
pregnancies, according to a report publishing recently by the Johns Hopking ____2____
University.
The report indicates that 5.6 million infant deaths and 2,000,000 maternal
Deaths could be prevented this year if women chose to have theirs children ____3____
within the safest years with adequate intervals among births and limited their ____4____
families to moderate size.
This amounts to about half of the 9.8 million infant and 370.000 maternal
deaths in developing countries, excluded China, estimated for this year by ____5____
the United Nation’s Children’s Fund and the US Centers for Disease Control
respectably. China was excluded because very few births occur in the high ____6____
risk categories.
The report says that evidences from around the world shows the risk of ____7____
maternal or infant ill and death is the highest in four specific types of ____8_____
pregnancy; pregnancies before the mother is 18 year old; those after the ____9____
mother is 35 years old; pregnancies after four births; and those lesser than ____10____
two years apart.

参考答案及解析:

1 将had used 改为 used。
因为此句是虚拟语气,表示与现在事实相反,故条件从句中应使用一般过去时。例如:
Many would be wise if they did not think themselves wise. 许多人原本会成为聪明人-如果他们不自以为聪明的话。

2 将publishing改为published
report和publish时逻辑动宾关系,故应使用publish的过去分词短语来修饰report。例如:
Any discovery that we may make, however small, will remain acquired knowledge. 任何可能的发现,不管多么微不足道,都将成为知识宝库中的一部分。

3 将theirs改为their

4 将among改为between
在两次怀孕期间留出足够的间隔时间,故用between。

5 将过去分词excluded改为介词excluding。
excluding意为“不包括…”

6 将respectably改为respectively
respectively 意为 “分别地 ”,符合句子的意思。而respectably意为 “可敬的,值得尊敬地 ”。

7将evidences改为evidence。
evidence是不可数名词。

8将ill改为illness。

9将year改为years。

10将lesser改为less

35
2010-10-12 14:46 编辑:juliatt
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