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【人文知识训练】专业八级人文知识练习(五)

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练习题: 
1 How many members are there in the House of Commons?
A 650    B 524     C 72      D 651
2 Which of the following people didn’t use to be the British Prime Minister?
A Margaret Thatcher     B Winston Churchill      C Horatio Nelson      D John Major
3 By tradition, the leader of the majority party is appointed _____ by the Sovereign in the United Kingdom.
A Prime Minister         B Member of Parliament 
C Lord of appeal        D Speaker of the House
4 The Tories were the forerunners of _____, which still bears this nickname today.
A the Labour Party       B the Conservative Party
C the Liberal Party       D the Social Democratic Party
5 In the United Kingdom, the party which wins the ____ number of seats in the House of Commons becomes the official Opposition.
A largest          B second largest         C third largest           D fourth largest
6 The term “British disease” is now often used to characterize Britain’s _____ decline.
A political       B educational         C military         D economic
7 The 1980s was remembered as the decade of _____.
A globalization B nationalization C privatization D competition
8 Today, in Britain, ______ is called a “sick” industry.
A coal mining     B iron and steel      C textiles     D shipbuilding
9 The first steam engine was devised by Thomas Newcomer at the end of the 17th century, and the Scottish inventor ____ modified and improved the design in 1765
A Abraham Darby      B James Watt        C John Kay           D Richard Arkwrightthe
10 _____ created the industrial working class, the proletariat, and it later led to trade unionism.
A The Chartist Movement            B The Industrial Revolution 
C The French Revolution           D The Glorious Revolution

练习题答案及题解:
1 D, 下议院共有651名议员。
2 C, 撒切尔夫人,丘吉尔和梅杰都曾经做过英国首相;而纳尔逊(1758-1805),英国海军统帅,因作战负伤,右眼失明,失去右臂。后任地中海舰队司令,在特法尔加角海战中大败西班牙联合舰队,本人受重伤阵亡,号称 Viscount Nelson。
3 A, 在英国,按照传统,多数党的领导人由君主任命为首相,首相从本党内部挑选一些领导人担任各部部长职位。
4 B, 托利党是英国保守党的前身。
5 B, 在英国,在下议院中赢得第二席位的政党为反对党,它也有它自己的领导和影子内阁(shadow cabinet)。
6 D, 现在“英国病”这一术语经常用来指英国经济上的衰退。
7 C, 正如20世纪40年代被看作是国有化的时代一样,20世纪80年代被看作是私有化的时代。包括英国石油、航空、钢铁、电讯在内的几乎40% 的国有公司实现了私有化。
8 A, 英国煤矿业被称为生病工业。英国的煤产量在一战前达到顶点,如今的英国的煤矿业衰退,从而导致矿工的数量、煤矿的总产量大大下降。
9 B, 第一台蒸汽机是 Thomas Newcomer 在17世纪末设计的,后来苏格兰发明家瓦特在1765年对原有的设计进行了改进提高,生产出了第一台高效的蒸汽机并应用到纺织和其他机械业中。
10 B, 工业革命产生了工人阶级,即无产阶级。后来形成了工会制度。
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2010-10-11 15:46 编辑:juliatt
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