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【人文知识训练】专业八级人文知识练习(四)

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练习题:
1 Britain was the first country to industrialize because of the following factors except _____.
A. Britain was well placed geographically to participate in European and world trade.
B .Britain had many rivers, which were useful for transport.
C .British engineers had sound training and the inventors were respected.
D .British government was increasingly interested in overseas and colonies after the 17th century.
2 The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy. The _____ has very little power.
A. queen            B. monarch               C. prime minister             D. king
3 Which party has always had strong links with the trade unions and received financial support from them?
A the Labor Party                  B the Conservative Party
C the Liberal Party                D the Social Democratic Party
4 On accepting ____, the age of constitutional monarchy, of a monarchy with powers limited by Parliament, began.
A Constitutional Law                  B The Declaration of Independence
C Civil Law                                   D Bill of Rights
5 Females were allowed to vote in national elections until ____.
A 1918        B 1916         C 1920           D 1896
6 The British North America Act of 1867 established ____ as a domain.
A Australia        B Canada         C New Zealand      D India
7 During World War II, as a war leader, _____ received massive popular support and led his country to final victory in 1945.
A Harold Wilson       B Edward Heath         C Franklin Roosevelt        D Winston Churchill
8 The Falkland Islands war was between Britain and _____.
A France     B New Zealand         C Argentina          D Australia
9 In Britain, a _____ is held when a Member of Parliament dies, retires or resigns.
A civic election         B by-election         C popular election           D general election
10 In the United Kingdom, ministers are appointed by the Queen on the recommendation of _____.
A the Lord Chancellor       B the Monarch         C the Prime Minister       D the King

练习题答案及题解:
1 D, 英国之所以能成为世界上最早开始工业化的国家,原因有很多。但英国是从17世纪以后逐步开始对海外贸易和开拓海外殖民地产生浓厚兴趣的。
2 B, 英国是君主立宪制国家,国王或女王(君主)几乎没什么实质性的权力。
3 A, 保守党和自由党是英国最早成立的两个党派。大致来说,保守党是中上层阶级的党,它得到大公司财政上的支持;而工党,主要得到工会的支持,它的支持者主要是中产阶级和知识分子。
4 D, 《权利法案》的签署,标志着英国进入了君主立宪制时代,一个君主几乎没有什么实质性权力并受制于议会的时代。
5 A, 直到1918年妇女才在全国大选中享有选举权。
6 B, 《1867年英国北美法案》将加拿大纳为它的自治领。
7 D, 在第二次世界大战中,当时的英国首相丘吉尔作为战争统帅受到了英国人民的广泛拥戴,并带领英国人民赢得了战争的最后胜利。
8 C, 福克兰群岛战役是发生在英国和阿根廷着这两个国家之间。位于大西洋南部的福克兰群岛从1892年起就是英国的海外殖民地,1982年阿根廷开始控制这些岛屿,但是英国最终打败了阿根廷,并重新占领了这些岛屿。
9 B, 英国的下院议会成员中有人去世、退休或辞职时,就要进行补缺选举。
10 C, 在英国,部长们是由首相推荐,女王加以任命的。
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2010-10-11 15:41 编辑:juliatt
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