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中国人为什么觉得不幸福?

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中国人,为什么你不快乐呢?谁偷走了中国人的幸福?作者黑剑访问了四十个国家来寻找答案。
Chinese people, why are you unhappy? What stole happiness away from Chinesepeople? Author Hei Jian visited 40 countries to seek happiness.
几年以前,莱斯特大学的社会心理学家白先生访问了来自178个国家和地区的超过80000 人后,绘制出了世界上第一个“世界幸福地图”。令人吃惊的是,排在第一位的是丹麦。丹麦是个冰雪的国家,她的最南纬度仍是中国的北部省份——黑龙江(中国最北的省)。丹麦还是个所得税高达50%-70% 的高税收国家。所以,为何丹麦人民的幸福感高于其他国家和地区的人呢?
A few years ago, University of Leicestersocial psychologist White visited over 80,000 people from 178 countries andregions and drew the world’s first “World Map of Happiness”. Surprisingly, thetop county was Denmark.Denmark is a country of iceand snow, the southernmost latitude is still north of Heilongjiang Province ofChina (China’snorthernmost province). And Denmarkis also a high-tax country with 50%-70% of income tax. So why are Danish peopleso much happier than people of other countries and regions?
他认为在丹麦,尽管有高税收,但丹麦政府也取之于民用之于民。政府对人民的卫生保健和教育负责,还以各种可能的方式关爱孩子和老人。丹麦是人均花销排行第一的国家。因此,在丹麦,一个靠捡垃圾维持生计的人可以成为中产阶级人的邻居,可以过得平等而骄傲。Jan Dion捡垃圾维持生活。他说,他并不在乎自己的生活方式,他每天仅仅花5个小时工作,其他时间都用来陪伴家人。没有人评判他的工作。他喜欢他的工作,因为他有很多朋友。每当他的孩子冲他招手或者他的妻子递来一杯热咖啡的时候,他都感到无比幸福
He believes that in Denmark, although with a high rateof taxes, the Danish government is able to use the taxes on the people. Thegovernment is responsible for all citizens’ health care and education, andcares for children and the elderly in every possible way. It is ranked first inthe world for average money spent per person. Therefore in Denmark, aperson who picks up trash for living can be neighbor of people of middle class,and can live equally and proudly. Jan Dion picks up trash for living, he saidhe does not mind his way of life, because he only needs to work 5 hours a dayand spends the rest of time with his family. No one judges his job. He enjoyslife because he has many friends. Whenever his children wave at him or his wifehands over a cup of hot coffee, he feels extremely happy.
当一谈到新加坡的时候,我们第一反应都是严明的法律。新加坡有非常详细的法律条款。嚼口香糖或留过长的头发都可能被罚款。如果你犯有重罪,就可能被捆住并给以鞭刑。但意外的是,新加坡正是亚洲幸福感最高的国家。调查也显示,印度加尔各答贫民窟里的人比加利福尼亚的居民感觉更幸福。加利福尼亚州的人大概有更丰富的食物和更好的住所,但是印度无家可归的人拥有彼此。
When we talk about Singapore, the first thought isthat this country has strict and harsh laws. Singapore has very detailed legalprovisions. Chewing gum or having long hair may be penalized. If you havecommitted a felony, you may also be tied up and whipped by bamboo whips. Butunexpectedly, Singapore isactually the happiest place in Asia. Thesurvey also showed that people living in the slums of Calcutta,India are happier thanresidents of California.Californians may have more food and better shelters, but the homeless in India have eachother.
丹麦人的幸福感源于平等;新加坡人的幸福感源于法律;印度加尔各答贫民窟的人的幸福感源于相互依靠彼此的心。
In Denmark,happiness comes from equality; in Singapore,happiness comes from the rule of law; in the slums of Calcutta, India,happiness comes from the hearts of people that depends on each other.
不难发现,一个人幸福与否,更多地取决于这两个方面:一个是外部的,即我们居住的社会大环境;另一个是内部的,即我们自己对待生活得态度。现在我们中国人感到不幸福,也可以分析为以下几个方面。
It is not difficult to see, whether a personis happy or not, largely depends on two aspects. One is external, that is thesocial environment we live in; the other is internal, that is our personalattitude to life. Today, we (Chinese people) are not happy, also can beanalyzed in several aspects.
1. 缺乏信念。
1. Lack of faith (beliefs)
许多人都不知道他人生中最期待的是什么,仅仅放下,你不知道你想要什么。孔子吃糙米喝水,甚至睡觉都没有枕头,而仅仅以手臂为枕,但孔夫子说,“乐亦在其中矣”;他说:“饭疏食,饮水,曲肱而枕之”,其他人可能认为这是不能忍受的生活,但孔子却能“保持幸福”。为什么呢?因为他知道他追求的就是这种生活。
Most people do not know what the expectationsare in one’s whole life, simply put it, you do not know what you want.Confucius ate coarse rice, drank water, didn’t even have pillows when sleepingand used his arms as pillows, but Confucius said, “Happiness is within”; Hesaid, “A basket of cooked rice, a ladle of water, living in the ghetto alley”,others might think this is an unbearable life, but Confucius was able to “keephis happiness”. Why? Because he knew what he is pursuing in this life.
2. 老是比较。
2. Always comparing
西方谚语说,一个人是否幸运,是否快乐,不取决于他取得了多大的成就,而是他的邻居怎么看他。一旦我们追求的不是如何幸福,而是怎么比别人幸福时,幸福反而会更加远离我们。
Western saying goes, Whether a person isfortunate or not, happy or not, does not depend on how big of accomplishmenthe/she has achieved, but from the way how the neighbors look at them. When whatwe are pursuing is not happiness, but to be happier than others, then happinesswill be even further away from us.
3.生在福中不知福。
3. Living in happiness without realizing it
如果灯被点亮,你就不会去注意它,如果它时亮时暗或者时关时开,你就会注意到它。同样道理,有时我们被别人艳羡,我们不大发觉。可一旦某天失去了,我们就会察觉。
If a light has been constantly lit, you willnot pay attention to it, but if it is brighter and darker at times, or if it ison and off at times, you will notice. Similarly, sometimes we are envied byothers, but we hardly notice it. Only if one day we loss that, then we willrealize.
4. 缺乏发现美的眼睛。
4. Not moved by beautiful things
“春风如此无私,不问索取,却使得遍地花开。”我们可能不能创造美,但可以欣赏自然美,或者其他人创造的美。我们常常忽视或不了解自然之美、艺术之美,精神之美以及一切我们身边美好的事物。
“The spring wind is so selfless, not askingfor anything in return but blossomed millions of flowers.” We may not have theability to create beauty, but have we been appreciating the beauty of nature,or the beautiful things created by others? We often ignore and unaware of thenatural beauty, artistic beauty, spiritual beauty and many beautiful things inlife around us.
5. 不知奉献。
5. Do not know how to give
宋朝的张商英曾说,“没有比做好事更快乐的了。”只有当一个人懂得给予而不是一味索取的时候才会感到真正的快乐。慈善不是富人的特权。捐献几百万救灾是慈善,给陌生人个微笑也是慈善。
Zhang Shangying from Song dynasty said,“Nothing is happier than being happy of doing good deeds”, only a person whoknows how to give rather than just take can be truly happy. Charity is not aprivilege of the rich. Donating millions to disaster relief is charity, give astranger a smile is also charity.
6. 不知足。
6. Not being content
一个人什么时候才能满足?永远不会满足。
How much does a person need to be satisfied?Never enough!
当你不满足是因为你没有一双鞋的时候,你注意到有些人没有穿鞋的脚了吗?知足常乐。
When you are not happy because you don’t haveshoes, have you noticed those who do not have feet? Contentment bringshappiness.
Harold Albert是加州大学的教务处主任。有次,他曾满怀不满和困惑地走在街头,因为他丢了工作,在找新的工作。他走在路上像个沮丧的人,失去了信心和勇气。
Harold Albert is the academic director of the University of California. Once he walked on the streetfull of dissatisfaction and confusion because he had already lost his job andwas looking for new work. He walked in the road like a depressed person,completely lost confidence and courage.
就在这时,一个没有腿的人经过,坐在一个附着在旧溜冰轮子的木头平板上,带着两片木头,滑过街道。
Just then, a man with no legs came, sitting ona small wooden platform which was attached with wheels from old skates. Hecarried 2 pieces of wood and wheeled himself across the street.
Harold发现了他,他刚穿过街,试着把自己举高几英寸以登上人行道。他们四目相对,那个残疾人高兴地说:“早上好!早上天气真好,不是吗?”这时Harold感到一种莫名的满足。他想,他有两条腿,而他却没有腿,但他仍然开心,他又有什么理由心烦呢?所以,Harold变得更加自信,快乐地生活着。
When Harold saw him, he had just crossed thestreet, trying to raise himself a few inches to get on the pavement. Harold’seyes met his, the disabled man said happily, “Good morning! Sr. Nice morningweather, is not it?” At the time Harold felt a strange sense of satisfaction.He thought, I have 2 legs, he has no legs, but he is so happy, what reason do Ihave to be upset? So Harold became more confident, and went on happily.
7. 无处不焦虑。
7. Anxiety is everywhere
担心安全、财富、健康,担心孩子的教育问题和工作……只有当一个人不焦虑时才能幸福快乐。
Anxiety of safety, wealth, health and anxietyof children’s education and employment… Only a person who is carefree can behappy.
8. 压力过大。
8. Too much pressure/stress
政治压力,工作、家庭压力,情绪上的压力,经济压力,人际关系压力,心理和生理压力。
Political pressure, pressure from work,family, emotional stress, financial stress, interpersonal pressure,psychological pressure and physical pressure
9. 标准太高。
9. Standards are too high
用自己的标准去要求他人,“我能做到,为什么你不能?”
Using person’s own standard to demand others“If I can, why can’t you?”
用他人的标准来要求自己,“他能做到,为什么我不能?”
Using other’s standard to demand oneself, “Ifhe can, why can’t I?”
10. 不能做回自己。
10. Not being oneself
一个人能做到好儿子,好爸爸,好朋友,好伴侣,但是如果一个人不能做到他想做到的,老是和自己斗争,那么他就平衡不了,自然很难让他自己真正快乐起来。
A person who becomes a good son, a goodhusband, a good father, a good friend, a good partner… but if a person cannotbecome someone that himself/herself desires, always fighting with oneself, thenthis person has no balance, and naturally, it is difficult for him/her to betruly happy.
标签:幸福 中国人
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2010-09-29 00:00 编辑:kuaileyingyu
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  • 石海天 说:

    文章不错,指出当今大部分人都有的空虚,无聊。 但很多地方都是2个单词都是一起的,没分开,多校正几遍吧! 支持

    2010-09-29 22:55 回复 支持(0) 反对(0) 沙发
  • online001 说:

    关键是为什么中国人会这样?

    2010-10-07 12:05 回复 支持(0) 反对(0) 板凳
  • NRB 说:

    I think that the Chinese culture and people's view towards the world and individuals have largely contributed to what it is now.

    2010-10-17 17:16 回复 支持(1) 反对(0) 地板
  • alenau 说:

    因为中国人多,吃饭,医疗,住所得不到均衡保障,人们的危机感大为增加,大部分为了生活而丧失了原有的兴趣,创造力和灵感,只是为了生活而不得不放弃自己的理想。

    2010-11-18 10:53 回复 支持(0) 反对(0) 4 楼
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