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有英文解释的学术类词汇表AWL(六)

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scenario          n.  written outline of a film, play, etc with details of the scenes and plot

 

schedule          n.  programme of work to be done or of planned events

 

scheme            n.  ~ plan for doing or organizing sth

 

scope             n.  ~ opportunity to do or achieve sth

 

section           n.  any of the parts into which sth may be or has been divided

 

sector            n.  part of a circle lying between two straight lines drawn from the centre to the circumference .

 

secure            adj.  ~ not feeling worry, doubt, etc

 

seek              v. ~ (after/for sth) look (for sth); try to find or obtain (sth)

 

select            v. ~ sb/sth choose sb/sth, esp as being the best or most suitable

 

sequence          n.  set of events, numbers, actions, etc with each following the one before continuously or in a particular order

 

series            n. number of things, events, etc of a similar kind, esp. placed or occurring one after another

 

sex               n.  condition of being male or female; gender

 

shift             v.  ~ (sth/sb/oneself) (from.../to...); ~ (sth/sb/oneself) (about/around) (cause sth/sb/oneself to) change or move from one position or direction to another [/]

 

significant       adj.  having a meaning, esp one that is immediately obvious

 

similar           adj. ~ resembling sb/sth but not the same; alike

 

simulate          v.  pretend to have or feel

 

site              n.  place where a building, town, etc was, is, or will be situated

 

so-called         adj. (used to suggest that the words used to describe sb/sth are not appropriate )

 

sole              n. flat sea-fish that is eaten as food

 

somewhat          indef adv to some degree; rather

 

source            n.  starting-point of a river

 

specific          adj.  detailed, precise and exact

 

specify           v. (esp fml ) state or name clearly and definitely (details, materials, etc)

 

sphere            n.  solid figure that is entirely round (ie with every point on the surface at an equal distance from the centre)

 

stable            adj. firmly established or fixed; not likely to move or change

 

statistic         n. item of information expressed in numbers

 

status            n.  person's social, legal or professional position or rank in relation to others

 

straightforward   adj.  honest and frank, without evasion

 

strategy          n.  planning and directing an operation in a war or campaign

 

stress            n.  mental or physical distress, difficult circumstances, etc

 

structure         n.  way in which sth is put together, organized, built, etc

 

style             n.  manner of writing or speaking, esp contrasted with what is actually written or said

 

submit            v.  ~ (to sb/sth) accept the control, superior strength, etc (of sb/sth); yield (to sb/sth) ; ,

 

subordinate       adj. ~ (to sb) lower in rank or position

 

subsequent        adj. later; following

 

subsidy           n. money paid, esp by a government, to help an industry, to support the arts, to keep pricesdown, etc

 

substitute        n. ~ person or thing that replaces, acts for or serves as sb or sth else

 

successor         n. ~ person or thing that comes after and takes the place of (sb/sth)

 

sufficient        adj. ~ enough

 

sum               n.  arithmetical calculation

 

summary           n.  brief statement of themain points of sth

 

supplement        n.  ~ thing added to sth else to improve or complete it

 

survey            v.  look carefully at all of (sth/sb), esp from a distance

 

survive           v.  ~ ~ (on sth) continue to live or exist

 

suspend           v.  ~ sth (fml ) hang sth up

 

sustain           v.  bear (weight) without breaking or falling

 

symbol            n.  ~ image, object, etc that suggests or refers to sth else; emblem

 

tape              n.  narrow strip of material used for tying, fastening or labelling things

 

target            n.  object or mark that a person tries to hit in shooting, etc; disc marked with concentric circles for this purpose in archery ; .

 

task              n.  piece of work that has to be done

 

team              n.  group of players forming one side in certain games and sports

 

technical         adj.  of or involving the mechanical arts and applied sciences

 

technique         n. method of doing or performing sth, esp in the arts or sciences

 

technology        n.  scientificstudy and use of mechanical arts and applied sciences, eg engineering

 

temporary         adj. lasting or meant to last for a limited time only; notpermanent

 

tense             adj.  stretched tightly; taut ;

 

terminate         v. come to an end or bring (sth) to an end

 

text              n.  main written or printed part of a book or page

 

theme             n.  subject of a talk, a piece of writing or a person's thoughts; topic

 

theory            n.  set of reasoned ideas intended to explain facts or events

 

thereby           adv. by that means

 

thesis            n. statement or theory put forward and supported by arguments

 

topic             n. subject of a discussion, talk, programme, written work, etc

 

trace             n.  mark, track, sign, etc showing what has existed or happened

 

tradition         n. passing of beliefs or customs from one generation to the next, esp without writing

 

transfer          v. ~ sth/sb (from...) (to...) move sth/sb from one place to another

 

transform         v. ~ sth/sb (into sth) completely change the appearance or character of sth/sb

 

transit           n.  process of going or being taken or transported from one place to another

 

transmit          To send trough or across.

 

transport         v. ~ sth/sb (to...)  take sth/sb from one place to another in a vehicle

 

trend             n.  general tendency or direction

 

trigger           n. lever that releases a spring, esp so as to fire a gun

 

ultimate          adj.  beyond which no other exists or is possible; last or final

 

undergo           v. experience or endure (sth unpleasant or painful)

 

underlie          v.  lie or exist beneath (sth)

 

undertake         v. (fml )  (start to) make oneself responsible for (sth)

 

uniform           adj. not changing in form or character; unvarying

 

unify             v. form (sth) into a single unit or make uniform

 

unique            adj.  being the only one of its type

 

utilise           vt. (=utilize) to put to use, especially to find a profitable or practical use for

 

valid             adj.  legally effective because made or done with the correct formalities

 

vary              v.  ~ (in sth) be different in size, volume, strength, etc

 

vehicle           n.  conveyance such as a car, lorry or cart used for transporting goods or passengers on land

 

version           n.  account of an event, etc from the point of view of one person

 

via               prep by way of (sth); through

 

violate           v.  break or be contrary to

 

virtual           adj. being or acting as what is described, but not accepted as such in name or officially

 

visible           adj. ~  that can be seen; in sight

 

vision            n.  power of seeing; sight

 

visual            adj. concerned with or used in seeing

 

volume            n.  book, esp one of a matching set or a series

 

voluntary         adj.  acting,done or given willingly

 

welfare           n.  good health, happiness, prosperity, etc of a person or group

 

whereas           conj  taking into consideration the fact that ...

 

whereby           rel adv  by which

 

widespread        extending over a wide area

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2010-09-14 14:24 编辑:juliatt
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