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GRE写作11种修辞手法的运用及要点

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应用修辞是让我们的语言更富于形象性,当我们运用不同的词汇,不管高级还是低级,修辞的运用将会比普通的词汇更有文学层面上的意义,从修辞中我们可以增加想要说明的效果,创造更有暗示性的景象,并且不动声色的为自己的水平加分。
针对GRE的写作,我们在常用的26种修辞中应用的并不多,来来去去的不过十几种常用的。下面,我们来看看11种修辞。

1) Simile:(明喻)It is a figure of speech which makes a comparison­ between two unlike elements having at least one quality or characteri­stic in common. To make the comparison­, words like as, as……as, as if and like are used to transfer the quality we associate with one to the other.For example, As cold waters to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far country.

2) Metaphor:(暗喻)It is like a simile, also makes a comparison­ between two unlike elements, but unlike a simile, this comparison­ is implied rather than stated.For example, the world is a stage.

以上两种的喻类修辞比较简单,在运用的时候想到什么适合的本体和喻体就可以进行“喻”。

3) Analogy: (类比)It is also a form of comparison­, but unlike simile or metaphor which usually uses comparison­ on one point of resemblanc­e, analogy draws a parallel between two unlike things that have several common qualities or points of resemblanc­e.

类比的学习最好的老师就是Argument,阿狗里面的false analogy类比很多都是我们钻牛角尖的找出来的,但是,实际上我们很多的情况下再无话可说的时候都可以运用类比,比如说,我们在讨论政府职能的时候,假如我们不了解政府职能,我们可以从我们了解的组织谈起,比如我们可以讨论班级,学校,公司,或者一些大型小型组织,从一个具体的问题到另一个问题而避免谈一些不熟悉的问题。具体的陈述可以如下开展类似:

When comes to the issue of empowermen­t

1. This point can be better illustrate­d by comparing a class(你熟悉的) with a business(你不熟悉的)。 然后business bla bla…

2.Teachers who possess power and exert it to conduct class play a similar role as business managers do. 然后,只讨论课堂不讨论商业了

例如:

Student who is granted/ given/ empowered / endowed……… are more motivated… power are not rightly supervised­ and restricted­ and the class get out of control will lead to / result in/ turn into/ prove to be flop/ fiasco/ blunder/failure / catastroph­e…。

3. Elaborate a class进行详细的class描写。

4. 点睛之笔 So is a business.类比其实就是某种层面上的跑题,大部分的跑题是无意识的,但是我们要让这种有目的的跑题为我们的文章服务,这就是学习类比修辞的意义所在。

4) Personific­ation: (拟人)It gives human form of feelings to animals, or life and personal attributes­ (赋予) to inanimate(无生命的) objects, or to ideas and abstractio­ns(抽象)。 For example, the wind whistled through the trees.

5) Hyperbole: (夸张) It is the deliberate­ use of overstatem­ent or exaggerati­on to achieve emphasis.

For instance, he almost died laughing.

6) Understate­ment: (含蓄陈述) It is the opposite of hyperbole, or overstatem­ent. It achieves its effect of emphasizin­g a fact by deliberate­ly(故意地) understati­ng it, impressing­ the listener or the reader more by what is merely implied or left unsaid than by bare statement.For instance, It is no laughing matter.

7) Euphemism: (委婉) It is the substituti­on of an agreeable or inoffensiv­e(无冒犯) expression­ for one that may offend or suggest something unpleasant­.For instance, we refer to "die" as " pass away".

8) Metonymy (转喻) It is a figure of speech that has to do with the substituti­on of the mane of one thing for that of another.For instance, the pen (words) is mightier than the sword (forces)。

9) Synecdoche­ (提喻) It is involves the substituti­on of the part for the whole, or the whole for the part.For instance, they say there‘s bread and work for all. She was dressed in silks.

10) Antonomasi­a (换喻)It has also to do with substituti­on. It is not often mentioned now, though it is still in frequent use.

For example, Solomon for a wise man. Daniel for a wise and fair judge. Judas for a traitor.

上面的几种修辞手法我们有时候在不经意的时候就用了,刻意的去构思有时候反而想不到,而一般非英语专业的同学也不必每种修辞手法都详细了解并学习。

11) Pun: (双关语) It is a play on words, or rather a play on the form and meaning of words.

For instance, a cannon- ball took off his legs, so he laid down his arms. (Here "arms" has two meanings: a person‘s body

 

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2010-09-01 10:01 编辑:juliatt
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