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汉英口译分类词汇(02)--外经贸类词汇

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澳新紧密经济关系协定ANZCERTA:Australia New Zealand Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement

摆脱亚洲金融危机的影响shake off the impact of the financial crisis

帮助人才脱颖而出help excellent talents find way to distinction

备件spare parts

部长级会议ministerial meeting

采取积极财政政策 proactive fiscal policy

出口创汇型/外向型产业 export-oriented industry

垂直兼并vertical merger

倒爷profiteer 

抵免offset

东盟自由贸易区 AFTA:ASEAN Free Trade Area

东南亚国家联盟 ASEAN:Association of South-East Asian Nations

对外项目承包foreign project contracting

反倾销措施anti-dumping measures against ……

防伪标志anti-fake label

放松银根ease monetary policy 

非配额产品quota-free products

非生产性投资investment in non-productive projects

风险管理/评估risk management/ assessment

风险基金venture capital

风险准备金loan loss provision/ provisions of risk

岗位培训on-the-job training

港元的联系汇率制the linkage system between the US dollar and the HK dollar

搞活国有大中型企业revitalize large and medium-sized state owned enterprises

工程项目engineering project

工业增加值industrial added value

公正合理equitable and rational

固定资产投资investment in the fixed assets

广开就业门路increase employment opportunities; create jobs in every possible way; open up more channels of employment

规模经济scale economy/ economies of scale

国合企业(即国有合作社)state-owned cooperatives

国际清算international settlement

国际收支平衡balance of international payments/ balance of payment

国际收支不平衡disequilibrium of balance of payment

国家补贴public subsidies

国家鼓励项目projects listed as encouraged by the state

国家科技创新体系State Scientific and Technological Innovation System

国家现汇结存state foreign exchange reserves

合理引导消费guide rational consumption

横向兼并horizontal merger

坏帐、呆帐、死帐bad account/ dead account/ uncollectible account/bad debt/ bad loan

货币市场money market

机构臃肿overstaffing in (government) organizations

机构重叠organizational overlapping 

技工贸结合的科技型企业scientific and technological enterprises that integrate scientific and technological development with industrial and trade development

季节性调价seasonal price adjustments

既成事实established/accomplished facts

减免债务reduce and cancel debts

建材building materials

进口环节税import linkage tax

经常项目current account

经常性的财政收入regular revenues 

竟价投标competitive bidding

就业前培训pre-job training 

控股公司holding company

垃圾融资junk financing

劳动密集性企业labor-intensive enterprises

劳务合作labor service cooperation

累计实现顺差143.4美元accumulatively realizing trade surplus

利改税substitution of tax payment for profit delivery

流动人口floating population 

龙头产品lagship product

乱集资、乱摊派、乱收费unwarranted pooling of funds, arbitrary requisition of donations and exaction of fees from enterprises/ unauthorized pooling of funds, compulsory donations and random levies on enterprises

慢性萧条chronic depression 

农业技术合作 ATC:Agricultural Technical Cooperation

盘活存量资产revitalize stock assets

配件accessories

皮包公司flying-by-night company; bogus company

平等互利、讲求实效、形式多样、共同发展的方针pursuing practical results, adopting various waysand seeking common development/ the principle of equality, mutual benefit, efficiency, diversity and mutual development

瓶颈制约 “bottleneck” restrictions

企业的自我约束机制self-regulating mechanism of enterprises

企业技术改造technological updating of enterprises

企业亏损补贴subsidies to cover enterprise losses

企业所得税corporate income tax

千年问题、千年虫millennium bug

抢得先机take the preemptive opportunities

清理、修订screen and modify

求同存异overcome differences and seek common ground

商住和公益设施建设commercial, residential and public utility construction

申报制度reporting system; income declaration system

实行股份制enforce stockholding system

实行国民待遇grant the national treatment to, treat foreign investors as quals to the Chinese counterparts

市场准人的行政管理措施AAMA Administrative Aspects of Market Access

适销对路的产品readily marketable products 

双重轨制two-tier system / double-track system 

水利water conservation

所有制形式forms of ownership

贪图安逸crave comfort and pleasure 

通货紧缩deflation

通货膨胀inflation

同步增长increase in the same pace

外援方式modality of foreign aid

无氟冰箱freon-free refrigerator 

无纸交易paperless transaction 

现代企业制度modern corporate system

消费膨胀inflated consumption 

协议投标negotiated bidding

信息化informationize 

形成统一、开放和竞争有序的市场establish an unified, open market with orderly competition

亚欧会议ASEM:Asia-Europe Meeting

亚太法定计量论坛 APLMF:Asia Pacific Legal Metrology Forum

亚太工商咨询理事会 ABAC:APEC Business Advisory Council

亚太计量程序 APMP:Asia Pacific Metrology Program

亚太经合组织部长级会议AMM:APEC MinisteriaI Meeting

亚太经合组织经济领导人会议AELM: APEC Economic Leaders Meeting

亚太经济合作组织 APEC:Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

亚太能源研究中心 APERC:Asia Pacific Energy Research Center

亚太商业论坛 ABF:APEC Business Forum

亚太商业网络 APB-Net:Asia-Pacific Business Network

亚太实验室认可合作APLAC:Asia Pacific Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation

亚太通讯与数据系统ACDS:APEC Communications and Database System

亚太信息基础设施 APII:Asia-Pacific Information Infrastructure

亚太中小企业技术交流与培训中心ACTETSME:APEC Center for Technology Exchange and Training for Small and Medium Enterprises

亚洲开发银行 ADB: Asian Development Bank

以试点的形式实行外贸权自动登记制度implement an automatic registration system of foreign trading rights on a trial basis

营业税turnover tax

在巩固公有制主体地位的同时,促进多种所有制经济共同发展alongside fortifying the status of the public ownership as the mainstay, it is also encouraged to witness common development of different systems of ownership

债转股debt-to-equity swap

中华人民共和国保护台湾同胞投资实施条例Implementation Rules of the P.R.C. on the Protection of Investments by Compatriots from Taiwan

中介服务组织intermediary service organization

注入新的生机与活力bring new vigor and vitality into

转化经营机制change the method of operation

资本项目capital account

自1999年1月1日起实行 come into official enforcement as of January 1, 1999

自由浮动汇率free floating exchange rate; variable exchange rate

自驻经营,自负盈亏responsible for their own management decisions, profits and losses

走上良性发展的轨道going on the track of sound progress



shipping service company 船务公司

generic products非商标(非专利)产品

prudent monetary policy稳健的货币政策

deficit spending超前消费

run on banks(到银行)挤兑

domestic support to agriculture 对农业的国内支持

special bonds特种债券

economy of abundance 富裕经济

Animal-based protein动物源性蛋白

dual purpose exports军民两用品出口

dual-use goods and technology 军民两用产品和技术

NAFTA North American Free Trade Area北美自由贸易区

global quota全球配额

grandfather clause祖父条款

Animal-derived food动物源食品

EVSL (Early Voluntary Sectoral Liberalization)部门提前自愿自由化

TILF (Trade and Investment Liberalization and Facilitation)贸易和投资自由化和便利化



常见缩略:

C&F(cost & freight)成本加运费价

T/T(telegraphic transfer)电汇

D/P(document against payment)付款交单

D/A (document against acceptance)承兑交单

C.O (certificate of origin)一般原产地证

G.S.P.(generalized system of preferences)普惠制

CTN/CTNS(carton/cartons)纸箱

PCE/PCS(piece/pieces)只、个、支等

DL/DLS(dollar/dollars)美元

DOZ/DZ(dozen)一打

PKG(package)一包,一捆,一扎,一件等

WT(weight)重量

G.W.(gross weight)毛重

N.W.(net weight)净重

(customs declaration)报关单

EA(each)每个,各

W (with)具有

w/o(without)没有

FAC(facsimile)传真

IMP(import)进口

EXP(export)出口

MAX (maximum)最大的、最大限度的

MIN (minimum)最小的,最低限度

M 或MED (medium)中等,中级的

M/V(merchant vessel)商船

S.S(steamship)船运

MT或M/T(metric ton)公吨

DOC (document)文件、单据

INT(international)国际的

P/L (packing list)装箱单、明细表

INV (invoice)发票

PCT (percent)百分比

REF (reference)参考、查价

EMS (express mail special)特快传递

STL.(style)式样、款式、类型

T或LTX或TX(telex)电传

RMB(renminbi)人民币

S/M (shipping marks)装船标记

PR或PRC(price) 价格

PUR (purchase)购买、购货

S/C(sales contract)销售确认书

L/C (letter of credit)信用证

B/L (bill of lading)提单

FOB (free on board)离岸价

CIF (cost, insurance & freight)成本、保险加运费价

GMO (genetically modified organism)转基因组织

CAGA (compound annual growth average)年复合增长率
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2010-08-24 13:40 编辑:juliatt
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