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【翻译训练】2009年3月15日 中级口译翻译 英译汉

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Sec 3:
  In a normal recession, the to-do list is clear. Copies of Keynes are dusted off, the Fed lowers interest rates, the president and Congress cut taxes and hike spending. In time, purchasing, production and loans perk up, and Keynes is placed back on the shelf. No larger alterations to the economy are made, because our economy, but for the occasional bump in the road, is fundamentally sound. This has been the drill in every recession since World War II.
  Republicans and Democrats argue over whose taxes should be cut the most and which projects should be funded, but, under public pressure to do something, they usually find some mutually acceptable midpoint and enact a stimulus package. Even in today’s hyperpartisan Washington, the odds still favor such a deal.
  This time, though, don’t expect that to be the end of the story -- because the coming recession will not be normal, and our economy is not fundamentally sound. This time around, the nation will have to craft new versions of some of the reforms that Franklin Roosevelt created to steer the nation out of the Great Depression.
  参考答案:
  若只是寻常的经济萧条,那应对方案一目了然:翻出久违的凯恩斯著作,联邦政府降低利率,总统及国会一面减税,一面增加财政支出。假以时日,购买力激升,生产力急速飞涨,贷款数随之猛增。凯恩斯的作品重获关注。美国的经济并非一帆风顺,但总的来说还不错,并不需要对经济体制做出大刀阔斧的改革。 所以第二次世界大战之后,我们一直照此方案应对经济危机。
  政府应为哪些阶层多减税,为哪些项目提供资助,这些是共和党和民主党长期争论的话题。公众要求他们付诸于行动的舆论压力下,政府往往实施双方都可接受的折衷方案,达到推动经济进步的目的。即使到了党派分歧严重的今时今日,政府仍希望找到此种方案。
  然而这次的萧条非比平常,所以事情就不那么简单。从本质上说,我们的经济确有弊端。因此要动用一些富兰克林·罗斯福当年的改革措施,还需做到与时俱进。才能力挽狂澜、扭转乾坤,最终拨得云开见日出。    
 
4
2010-08-24 12:17 编辑:mavis1114
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