在线词典,在线翻译

考研英语写作常用的句型

所属:考研英语 阅读:2336 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]
考研英语写作的题材多数同我们日常生活相关,通常涉及事物间的比较,要求说明其相似性、相异性和事物之间的因果关系;有时要求考生分析事实,找出原因或解决问题的方法,或对一个问题提出个人看法等。所以考生在复习写作时,要尽可能熟悉和掌握表达这些关系的常用句型,这将对提高写作能力有较大帮助。

  1.表示相似性的句型

  ①Moral corruption(A)is to the State(B)as physical disease(C)is to an individual body(D).(A之于B犹如C之于D)

  ②Just as woods are indispensable to birds,so is the earth to human beings.(正如…,…也如此)

  ③As far as personality is concerned,Tom (A) and Peter (B) have almost everything in common.(A和B有共同之处)

  ④My hobby (A) is similar to his (B) in that we both like collecting records,foreign and domestic. (A与B相似)

  ⑤As the economies of all countries are closely interrelated no country can develop in self-seclusion. The same is true of China. (The same is true of. The same can be said of... 也是如此)

  2.表示相异性的句型

  ①Beijing (A) is populous and crowded,while Canberra (B) is just the opposite.(A与B正相反)

  ②China’s condition (A) differs from ours (B) in that China has the largest population in the world. (A不同于B在于)

  ③While it may be true that basketball and volleyball share certain features,the excitement each arouses in the spectators is not the same.(…是不相同的)

  3.表示权衡性的句型

  ①It seems safe to say that the advantages of marriage outweigh the disadvantages of divorce.(利大于弊)

  ②Perhaps nothing can rival the pleasure from reading. (…是无与伦比的)

  ③There could be no doubt that job-hopping has its drawbacks as well as merits.(既有优点也有缺点)

  ④Men (A)may be superior to women(B) in physical affairs. Yet,there is no difference in intelligence.(A优于B)

  ⑤People’s attitude towards drugs varies from person to person.(…是因人而异的)

  4.表示过渡性的句型(承上启下,使新观点不至于显得突兀、武断)

  ①Some people argue as if it is a general truth that ,I cannot agree with them for the following reasons.. But to be frank

  ②According to/As can be seen in figures/statistics /the findings/data released/provided by the government/an institute, .

  ③There are several/many causes/reasons for this dramatic/significant growth/change/decline/increase in .

  ④There are no less than three advantages in as rendered below.

  ⑤The reasons are chiefly as follows .

  ⑥Another reason why I advocate the attitude of is that.

  ⑦Last but not least, .

  ⑧What is more, .

  5.表示倍数与比例关系的句型

  近年来图表作文经常出现,考生需要熟悉和掌握一些常用的句型来解释图表、分析和表达数据间的倍数和比例关系:

  ①Asia ranks first both in area and in population among the seven Continents.Europe is second to Asia in population,but in area it is the last but one.

  ②We all hope that a country’s population should be in proportion to its area, unfortunately the reality often goes against our will.

  ③A is a far larger university,being over three times as big as B.

  6.引用图表内容时的过渡句型

  图表式作文经常使用as从句做解释性描述的过渡,它的运用,可以使短文由图画的说明解释,陡然一转,由客观说到主观,由一般说到个体,过渡自然。

  ①This picture shows , ,as we can see in the upper half of the picture. However,the lower half of the picture shows that .. At the beginning

  ②As is revealed in the graph .

  ③As the survey results show .

  ④As we could find out later in this unit,his plan was not quite as he had expected.

  ⑤This table provides several important points of comparison between the two universities.As can be indicated in the table,the housing space for the staff of A in 1995 was 34 500 square meters,which nearly doubled the B’s corresponding figure.

  7.描述图表常用的概括性句型

  这种句子通常用于开篇和结尾。

  ①This table provides,several important points of comparison between the two key universities.

  ②The two graphs depict the same thing seen in two different ways. The first diagram simply records . The second graph throws a new light on .

  ③The key findings taken from the surveys are as follows: .

  ④If drivers continue to drive more carefully and further strengthen their sense of safety,the rate of accidents can be expected to decline even more dramatically in the year 1998.

  8.引论或得出结论的句型

  ①As the proverb goes,“ ”. It is quite understandable that .

  ②Along with the development of society more and more problems are brought to our attention,one of which is that .

  ③Admittedly,there are merits to both sides of the argument.

  ④Contrary to widely held belief,I believe that .

  ⑤Now,it is commonly believed /some people think that ,but I wonder whether .

  9.表示转折的句型

  ①On the surface of it,this may seem to be a good solution,but if thinking again,we would point out some drawbacks.

  ②At first thought,it may seem to be an attractive idea,but it does not bear closer analysis when we find .

  ③Superficially,it seems to be a sound solution,but when carefully weighing in the mind,we find that .

  ④A close inspection of these arguments would reveal how flimsy they are.

  ⑤The undeniable deficiency in this remark is that it is negligent of the bare fact that .

  ⑥However,we also cannot deny that .

  10.表示解释、分析、引申的句型

  ①One very strong argument for is that .

  ②It is an obvious fact that .

  ③One of the most important things about is that .

  ④A particularly notable case of this matter is .

  ⑤We may look into every possible reason,however,foremost reason for is .

  ⑥is mainly/ partly/ also responsible for the rise/increase/ decrease in .

  ⑦We may cite/quote/mention a single/common example of .

  ⑧A recent/nationwide study/survey/poll conducted/ taken at a university/ by scientists indicates/reveals/ suggests that .

  ⑨Of course,this will have some negative effects on .

  ⑩ is a case in point.

  11.表示得出结论的句型

  ①From what has been discussed above,we may safely draw the conclusion that .

  ②Taking into account all these factors,we may safely reach the conclusion that .

  ③Judging from all evidence offered,we may safely come to the conclusion that .

  ④All the evidence/analysis supports a (an) sound/ unshakable/just conclusion/ view that .

  12.表示建议、采取行动的句型

  ①It is necessary/ essential that effective actions/ quick steps/ proper measures should be taken to prevent the situation/ correct tendency / end phenomenon.

  ②There is little doubt that serious/ considerable/ special attention must be called /paid /devoted to the problem /shortage of .

  ③It is high time that we placed/put great/special/considerable emphasis on theimprovement/ development /increase of .

11
2010-08-23 16:07 编辑:eileen9
分享到:
关注海词微博:
发表评论:
表达一些您的想法吧!已有0条评论>>
登录,再发表评论
文明上网,理性发言!
您可能还感兴趣的文章:
>>精华推荐阅读
热门评论文章