Read the following text.Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1.( 10 points )
One reason human beings can thrive in all kinds of climates is that they can control the qualities of the air in the enclosed spaces in which they live. Air conditioning is the use of mechanical systems to 1 that control in such places 2 homes, offices, theaters, institutions, factories, airplanes, and automobiles. The most familiar type of air conditioning is summertime cooling. Although important, this is 3 one of several aspects of air conditioning. Other applications 4 the control of the humidity (or air moisture), cleanliness, circulation of the air, and heating.
Tests have 5 that people generally feel best 6 certain temperature, humidity, and air velocity conditions. Temperatures can 7 from 21.5°C with 70 percent relative humidity to 28°C with 30 percent relative humidity. Relative humidity is the 8 of moisture in the air 9 a specific temperature compared 10 the amount it could hold at that temperature. 11 air velocities range from 4.5 to 10.5 meters per minute. It is also desirable that an air conditioner 12 dust, pollen, smoke, and odors from the air.
In many industrial environments, air conditioning is essential. Most print shops, for example, 13 constant humidity in order to control paper shrinkage and 14 the 15 operation in some processes. Libraries, especially ones with rare books, require air control to 16 the physical quality of their collections. Bakeries and the tobacco and cotton industries require high humidity 17 their products, and perishables such as fruits must be stored in cool, dry rooms. Some electronic components, drugs, and chemicals must be manufactured 18 the air is as free as possible 19 dust and other particles. Air conditioning is 20 in hospitals, especially in operating rooms.
1. A. achieve B. avail C. amount to D. assign
2. A. like B. as C. for D. to
3. A. but B. like C. as to D. mere
4. A. include B. contain C. consist D. comprise
5. A. determined B. caused . maintained D. achieved
6. A. at B. around C. within D. under
7. A. alter B. range C. differ D. move
8. A. quality B. sum C. amount D. number
9. A. under B. inside C. on D. at
10. A. to B. with C. against D. at
11. A. Agreeable B. Appreciable C. Amenable D. Available
12. A. remove B. to remove C. removes D. removing
13. A. ask B. demand C. request D. require
14. A. ensures B. ensure C. ensuring D. to ensure
15. A. unique B. uniform C. universal D. united
16. A. preserve B. conserve C. reserve D. retain
17. A. about B. as C. for D. to
18. A. what B. where C. that D. which
19. A. of . against C. at D. without
20. A. virtual B. viable C. vibrant D. vital
Section Ⅱ Reading Comprehension
Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1?(40 points)
Film has properties that set it apart from painting, sculpture, novels, and plays. It is also, in its most popular and powerful form, a story-telling medium that shares many elements with the short story and the novel. And since film presents its stories in dramatic form, it has even more in common with the stage play: Both plays and movies act out or dramatize, show rather than tell, what happens.
Unlike the novel, short story, or play, however, film is not handy to study; it cannot be effectively frozen on the printed page. The novel and short story are relatively easy to study because they are written to be read. The stage play is slightly more difficult to study because it is written to be performed. But plays are printed,and because they rely heavily on the spoken word,imaginative readers can conjure up at least a pale imitation of the experience they might have been watching a performance on stage. This cannot be said of the screenplay, for a film depends greatly on visual and other nonvisual elements that are not easily expressed in writing. The screenplay requires so much "filling in" by our imagination that we cannot really approximate the experience of a film by reading a screenplay, and reading a screenplay is worthwhile only if we have already seen the film. Thus, most screenplays are published not to read but rather to be remembered.
Still, film should not be ignored because studying it requires extra effort. And the fact that we do not generally "read" films does not mean we should ignore the principles of literary or dramatic analysis when we see a film. Literature and films do share many elements and communicate many things in similar ways. Perceptive film analysis rests on the principles used in literary analysis, and if we apply what we have learned in the study of literature to our analysis of films, we will be far ahead of those who do not. Therefore, before we turn to the unique elements of film, we need to look into the elements that film shares with any good story.
Dividing film into its various elements for analysis is a somewhat artificial process, for the elements of any art form never exist in isolation. It is impossible, for example, to isolate plot from character: Events influence people, and people influence events; the two are always closely interwoven in any fictional, dramatic, or cinematic work. Nevertheless, the analytical method uses such a fragmenting technique for ease and convenience. But it does so with the assumption that we can study these elements in isolation without losing sight of their interdependence or their relationship to the whole.
21?What is mainly discussed in the text?
A?The uniqueness of film.
B?The importance of film analysis.
C?How to identify the techniques a film uses.
D?The relationship between film analysis and literary analysis.
22?Why is it not handy to study film?
A?Because screenplay is not as well written as literary works.
B?Because a film cannot be effectively represented by a printed screenplay.
C?Because a film is too complicated.
D?Because publishers prefer to publish literary works.
23?From the third paragraph we learn that .
A?the means by which we analyze a literary work cannot be applied to the analysis of the film
B?a good film and a good story have many elements in common
C?we should not pay extra effort to study films
D?using the principles of literary analysis makes no difference in film analysis
24?Why can't we divide film into various elements for analysis?
A?Because these elements are interwoven with each other and cannot keep be separated without failing to appreciate a film as a whole.
B?Because films cannot be written down and it is inconvenient to analyse them.
C?Because films elements are too complicated.
D?Because films need not to be analysed in detail.
25?What does the word"it"refer to in the last sentence of the passage?
A?The analytical method. B?The fragmenting technique.
Section Ⅰ Use of EnglishDirections:Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)There is growin
WRITING PART ONE You work for a company which is going to buy a set of equipment from China. You are asked to translate a lot of specifications and instructions within