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考研英语模拟试题及答案(四)

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Section Ⅰ Use of English

  Directions:

  Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1.( 10 points )

  During recent years we have heard much about "race": how this race does certain things and that race believes certain things and so on. Yet, the 1 phenomenon of race consists of a few surface indications.

  We judge race usually 2 the coloring of the skin: a white race, a brown race, a yellow race and a black race. But 3 you were to remove the skin you could not 4 anything about the race to which the individual belonged. There is 5 in physical structure. The brain or the internal organs to 6 a difference.

  There are four types of blood. 7 types are found in every race, and no type is distinct to any race. Human brains are the 8. No scientists could examine a brain and tell you the race to which the individual belonged. Brains will 9 in size, but this occurs within every race. 10 does size have anything to do with intelligence. The largest brain 11 examined belonged to a person of weak 12. On the other hand, some of our most distinguished people have had 13 brains.

  Mental tests which are reasonably 14 show no differences in intelligence between races. High and low test results both can be recorded by different members of any race. 15 equal educational advantages, there will be no difference in average standings, either on account of race or geographical location. Individuals of every race 16 civilization to go backward or forward. Training and education can change the response of a group of people, 17 enable them a behave in a 18 way.

  The behavior and ideals of people change according to circumstances, but they can always go back or go on to something new 19 is better and higher than anything 20 the past.

  1. A. complete   B. full   C. total   D. whole

  2. A. in   B. from   C. at   D. on

  3. A. since   B. if   C. as   D. while

  4. A. speak   B. talk   C. tell   D. mention

  5. A. something   B. everything  C. nothing   D. anything

  6. A. display   B. indicate   C. demonstrate   D. appear

  7. A. All   B. Most   C. No  D. Some

  8. A. same   B. identical   C. similar   D. alike

  9. A. remain   B. increase   C. decrease   D. vary

  10. A. Only   B. Or   C. Nor   D. So

  11. A. ever   B. then   C. never   D. once

  12. A. health   B. body   C. mind   D. thought

  13. A. big   B. small   C. minor   D. major

  14. A. true   B. exact   C. certain   D. accurate

  15. A. Provided   B. Concerning  C. Given   D. Following

  16. A. make   B. cause   C. move   D. turn

  17. A. and   B. but   C. though   D. so

  18. A. ordinary   B. peculiar   C. usual   D. common

  19. A. that   B. what   C. whichever   D. whatever

  20. A. for   B. to   C. within  D. in

  Section Ⅱ Reading Comprehension

  Part A

  Directions:

  Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1.(40 points)

  Text 1

  A report on a new software that enables eyes to do the typing appears in Wednesday's edition of the journal Nature. Replacing a keyboard or mouse, eye-scanning cameras mounted on computers have become necessary tools for people without limbs or those affected with paralysis. The camera tracks the movement of the eye, allowing users to "type" on a virtual keyboard as they look at the screen. And now, researchers from the Cavendish Laboratory at Cambridge University say they have developed software that replaces the standard QWERTY keyboard layout with one that is nearly twice as efficient, more accurate and easier on the eyes. Called Dasher, the prototype program taps into the natural gaze of the eye and makes predictable words and phrases simpler to write. Any off-the-shelf camera capable of scanning eye movement can be used with Dasher, though the person must sit fairly still during the interaction.

  The letters of the alphabet appear in a single column on the right of the screen, with an underscore symbol to represent a space. Each letter is framed by a colored box. As the user looks at a particular letter on the right side of the screen and drags it to the left with their eyes, another sub-alphabet column begins to emerge inside the box on the right-hand side, along with more letters framed in colored boxes. Dasher is designed to anticipate which letter will be needed, so although the successive sub-alphabet columns are initially very small, the letters or combination of letters that simultaneously appear are most likely to be used next in that sequence. For example, if a person starts with the letter "h," the language models in Dasher will bring up "a," "e," "i," "o" and "u" in the sub-alphabet box, along with a few other possible combinations like "ello" to form the word "hello." Each box has a complete alphabet within it, though the first letters to appear have the highest probability of usage. The letters are then placed together to form a sentence on the left side of the screen.

  Researchers say people will be able to write up to 25 words per minute with Dasher compared to on-screen keyboards, which they say average about 15 words per minute. With a bit of practice, MacKay said, Dasher offers an easier and more satisfying way for disabled people to communicate, providing them with better tools to write e-mail or create word processor files. MacKay said Dasher could work in most languages.

  21."Paralysis"(Paragraph 1, Line 3) probably means .

  A. short-sightedness   B. allergy   C. inability to move   D. color-blindness

  22. With the new software Dasher, people can type with their eyes through .

  A. a computer screen with eye-scanning sensors

  B. an eye-scanning camera on computer

  C. a colored box attached to the computer

  D. a regular keyboard with sensors

  23. The new method of typing will most benefit those people who .

  A. have reading difficulties  B. are physically handicapped

  C. are visually incompetent  D. do not have a big vocabulary

  24. The software Dasher .

  A. is able to predict the next sequence of words the user is going to write

  B. does not allow the user to move a lot during the interaction

  C. has to be used with eye-scanning cameras specially designed for the software

  D. can form coherent sentences based on the first word typed by the user

  25. People will be able to write as many as words per minute with Dasher.

  A. 15   B.20   C.25   D. 30

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2010-08-23 15:07 编辑:mavis1114
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