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2007年12月大学英语四级考试真题及答案

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200712月四级考试真题

 

Part                Writing              (30 minutes)

注意:此部分试题在答题卡1上。

 Part Rading comprehension (Skimming and scanning) (15minutes)

Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passsage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B),C) and D). For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.

Univeraities Branch Out

     As never before in their long story, universities have become instruments of national

competition as well as instruments of peace. They are the place of the scientific discoveries that

move economies forward, and the primary means of educating the talent required to obtain and

maintain competitive advantages. But at the same time, the opening of national borders to the flow

of goods, services, information and especially people has made universities a powerful force for

global integration, mutual understanding and geopolitical stability.

   In response to the same forces that have driven the world economy, universities have become

More self-consciousy global: seeking students from around the world who represent the entire

range of cultures and values, sending their own students abroad to prepare them for global careers,

offering courses of study that address the challenges of an interconnected world and collaborative

(合作的)research programs to advance science for the benefit of all humanity.

Of the forces shaping higher education none is more sweeping than the movement across borders. Over the past three decades the number of students leaving home each year to study abroad has grown at an annual rate of 3.0 percent, from 8000,000 in 1975 to 2.5 million in 2994. Most travel from one developed nation to another, but the flow from developing to developed countries id growing rapidly. The reverse flow, from developed to developing countries, is on the rise, too. Today foreign students earn 30 percent of the doctoral degrees awarded in the United States and 38 percent of those in the United Kingdom. And the number crossing borders for undergraduate study is growing as well, to 8 percent of the undergraduates at America’s best institutions and 10 percent of all undergraduates in the U.K. In the United States, 20 percent of the newly hired professors in science and engineering are foreign-born, and in China many newly hired faculty hired faculty members at the top research universities received their graduate education abroad.

       Universities are also encouraging students to spend some of their undergraduate years in another country. In Europe, more than 140,000 students participate in the Erasmus program each year, taking courses for credit in one of 2, 2000 participating institutions across the continent. And in the United States, institutions are helping place students in summer internships(实习)abroad to prepare them for global careers. Yale and Harvard have led the way, offering every undergraduate at least one international study or internship opportunity and providing the financial resources to make it possible.

Globalization is also reshaping the way research is done. One new trend involves sourcing portions of a research program to another country. Yale professor and Howard Hughes Medical Shanghai’s FudanUniversity, in collaboration with faculty colleagues from both schools. The Shanghai center has 95 employees and graduate students working in a 4,300-square-meter laboratory seminars with scientists from both campuses. The arrangement benefits both countries;

Xu’s Yale lab is more productive, thanks to the lower costs of conducing from a word-class scientist and his U.S. team.

As a result of its strength in science, the United States has consistently led of the world in the world in the commercialization of major new technologies, from the mainframe computer and integrated circuit of the 1960s to the internet infrastructure(基础设施)and applications software of

the 1990s.The link between university-based science and industrial application is often indirect but sometimes highly visible: Silicon Valley was intentionally created by StanfordUniversity, and

Route 128 outside Boston has long housed companies spun off from MIT and Harvard. Around the world ,governments have encouraged copying of his model, perhaps most successfully in Cambridge, England, where Microsoft and scores of other leading software and biotechnology companies have set up shop around the university.

For all its success, the United States remains deeply hesitant about sustaining the research university model. Most politician recognize the link between investment in science and national

Economic strength, but support for research funding has been unsteady. The budget of the National Institutes of Health doubled between 1998 and 2003,but has risen more slowly than inflations since then. Support for the physical sciences and engineering barely kept pace with inflation during that same period. The attempt to make up lost ground is welcome, but the nation would be better served by steady, predictable increases in science funding at the rate of long-term GDP growth, which is on the order of inflation plus 3 percent per year.

American politicians have great difficulty recognizing that admitting more foreign students can greatly promote the national interest by increasing international understanding. Adjusted for inflation, public funding for international exchanges and foreign-language study is well below the levels of 40 years ago. In the wake of September 11,changes in the visa process caused a dramatic decline in the number of foreign students seeking admission to U.S. Universities, and a corresponding surge in enrollments in Australia, Singapore and the U .K. Objections from Americans university and business leaders led to improvements in the process and a reversal of the decline ,but the United States is still seen by many as unwelcoming to international students.

Most Americans recognize that universities contribute to the nation’s well-being through their scientific research, but many fear that foreign students threaten American competitiveness by taking their knowledge and skills back home. They fail to grasp that welcoming foreign students and like immigrants throughout history-strength the nation; and second, foreign students who study in the United States become ambassadors for many of its most cherished(珍视) values when they return home. Or at least they understand them better. In America as elsewhere, few Instruments of foreign policy are as effective in promoting peace and stability as welcoming international university students.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。

1From the first paragraph we know that present –day universities have become           

Amore and more research-oriented                

Bin-service training organizations

Cmore popularized than ever before               

Da powerful force for global integration

2Over the past three decades, the enrollment of overseas students has increased        

Aby2.5 million   Bby 800,000     

Cat an annual rate of 3.9 percent

Dat an annual rate of 8 percent

3In the United States,how many of the newly hired professors in science and engineering are foreign-born?

A10%  B20%  C30%  D38%

4How do Yale and Harvard prepare their undergraduates for global careers?

AThey organize a series of seminars on world economy

BThey offer them various courses in international politics

CThey arrange for them to participate in the Erasmus program

DThey give them chances for international study or internship

5An example illustrating the general trend of universities’ globalization is                 

AYale’s collaboration with FudanUniversity on genetic research

BYale’s helping Chinese universities to launch research projects

CYale’s student exchange program with European institutions

DYale’s establishing branch campuses throughout the world

6What do we learn about Silicon Valley from the passage?

AIt houses many companies spun off from MIT and Harvard

BIt is known to be the birthplace of Microsoft Company

CIt was intentionally created by StanfordUniversity

DIt is where the Internet infrastructure was built up

7What is said about the U.S. federal funding for research?

AIt has increased by 3 percent         

BIt has been unsteady for years       

CIt has been more than sufficient            

DIt doubled between 1998 and 2003

8The dramatic decline in the enrollment of foreign students in the U.S after September 11 was caused by             

9Many Americans fear that American competiveness may be threatened by foreign students who will           

10The policy of welcoming foreign students can benefit the U.S. in that the very best of them will stay and              

Part           Listening Comprehension               (35 minutes)

Section A

Direction: In his section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A),B),C) and D),and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet2 with a single line through the centre.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

11.   A) She used to be in poor health.                             C) She was somewhat overweight

B) She was popular among boys.                       D) She didn’t do well at high school.

12.   A) At he airport.                                              C) In a booking office.

       B) In a restaurant.                                            D) At the hotel reception.

13.   A) Teaching her son by herself.                          C) Asking the teacher for extra help.

       B) Having confidence in her son.                       D) Telling her son not to worry.

14.   A) Have a short break.                                      C) Continue her work outdoors.

       B) Take two weeks off.                                     D) Go on vacation with the man.

15.   A) He is taking care of this twin brother.            C) He is worried about Rod’s health.

       C) He ha been feeling ill all week.                            D) He has been in perfect condition.

16.   A) She sold all her furniture before she moved house.

       B) She still keeps some old furniture in her new house.

       C) She plans to put all her old furniture in the basement.

       D) She brought a new set of furniture from Italy last month.

17.   A) The woman wondered why the man didn’t return the book.

       B) The woman doesn’t seem to know what the book is about.

       C) The woman doesn’t find the book useful any more.

       D) The woman forgot lending the book to the man.

18.   A) Most of the man’s friends are athletes.

       B) Few people share the woman’s opinion.

       C) The man doesn’t look like a sportsman.

       D) The woman doubts the man’s athletic ability.

Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have heard.

19. A) She has packed it in one of her bags.

   B) She has probably left it in a taxi.

  C) She id going to get it the airport.

  D) She is afraid that she has lost it.

20) A) It ends in winter.

   B) It will cost her a lot.

   C) It will last one week.

   D) It depends on the weather.

21. A) The plane is taking off soon.

   B) There might be a traffic jam.

   C) The taxi is waiting for them.

   D) There is a lot of stuff to pack.

22. A) At home.

   B) In the man’s car.

   C) At the airport.

   D) By the side of a taxi.

Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

23. A) She is thirsty for promotion.

   B) She wants a much higher salary.

   C) She is tired of  her present work.

   D) She wants to save travel expenses.

24. A) Translator.

   B) Travel agent.

   C) Language instructor.

   D) Environment engineer.

25. A) Lively personality and inquiring mind.

   B) Communication skills and team spirit.

   C) Devotion and work efficiency.

   D) Education and experience.

Section B

Directions:      In this section, you will hear 3 short passage. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a questions. , you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A,B,Cand D. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

 

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

 

Passage One

Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard.

26AThey care a lot about children.

BThey need looking after in their old age.

CThey want to enrich their life experience.

88
2010-08-20 13:43 编辑:juliatt
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