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【翻译训练】英语六级考试翻译模拟与解析(一)

所属:四六级英语 作者:webmaster 阅读:2962 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]
Exercise 1
  1.The doctor _______________(建议用一种新药来治疗这种病).
  2. The two parties differ very sharply from each other _______________(在采取正确的补救办法的问题上).
  3. An average student with average intelligence can be a top student ________________(只要仔细安排他/她的时间).
  4. _______________(让世界发展如此之快的)is the modern science and technology.
  5. A student must treasure his time and ________________(吸收尽可能多的知识)to lay a solid foundation for his future career.
  长喜模拟题1(选做):
  1. ______________(除非你和保险公司签订货物保险合同),you are not entitled to a repayment for the goods damaged in delivery.
  2. ______________(据报道,这个地方卫生组织25年前就成立了)when Dr. Mark became its first president.
  3. Mrs. Smith shut the window lest ______________(外面的噪音会影响她儿子的睡眠).
  4. The new mayor was charged ______________(未能履行他降低通货膨胀率的承诺).
  5. _____________(每当遇到这类问题时,我的大脑就一片空白),and I can hardly remember my own date of birth.
  答案解析:
  1. suggests treating the case with a new drug
  解析:考生容易将此句“治疗”翻译成cure,cure强调“治疗、治愈,侧重治疗效果”,如:The doctor used special medicines to cure him of the measles.(医生用特效药治愈了麻疹。)而treat强调医治的过程,后接sb.或sth.作宾语。另外,“建议做某事”通常可以用句型“suggest doing”或“suggest that”从句。
  2. over the correct remedies to apply
  解析:首先要看到differ…from的结构,它表示“和……不同”,“与……在某方面不同”要用differ…from…over/on/upon…。“问题”是范畴词,不需要译成over the question of the correct remedies to apply以避免累赘。考生要注意比较differ from与differ with的差别。differ with是说“不同意……的意见”,相当于disagree with,如:I differ with him on that point,though he may be right.(在那一点上,我不同意他的意见,尽管他可能是对的。)
  3. if he plans his/her time carefully
  解析:本题考查代词在人称、数、性上的一致性。全句意为:一个中等智力水平的学生只要安排他/她的时间也能成为优等生。Student是单数,但无法确定名词的性,因此条件句中可用阳性或阴性。
  4. What makes the world develop so fast
  解析:根据句子各部分语法功能判断,我们在这里需要的是一个主语,因此必须将需填入部分译成what引导的主语从句,全句意思为“什么让世界发展如此之快——是现代科技”。
  5. absorb as much knowledge as he can
  解析:本句意为:学生应该珍惜宝贵时间并吸收尽可能多的知识以便为将来事业打下坚实的基础。“吸收”可选用absorb,drink in,take in.“尽可能多的”译为as many as或as much as,具体要看句中名词是可数还是不可数。lay a foundation for表示“为……打下基础”。
  长喜版:
  1. Unless you sign a contract with the insurance company for your goods
  解析:本题考查对连词unless用法的掌握。unless表示“除非……否则”,相当于“if…not”,常用于引导条件状语从句。
  2. It is reported that the local health organization was established 25 years ago/The local health organization is reported to have been established 25 years ago
  解析:本题考查形式主语it及被动语态的用法。It is reported that…意为“据报道……”,it为形式主语,后面的that从句为句子的真正主语,表示“卫生组织成立”应该用被动语态。另外,本句也可以直接用报道的对象the local health organization充当主语,原来从句中的谓语动词转换成相应的不定式的完成式。
  3. the noise outside (should) interfere with her son’s sleep
  解析:本题考查对虚拟语气和短语interfere with的掌握。连词lest(以免),for fear that(唯恐,恐怕)和in case(万一)引起的从句中谓语动词常使用虚拟语气,其形式为“should+动词原形”,should可省略。interfere with意为“打扰妨碍(某事)”。
  4. with failure to fulfill his promise to decrease the inflation rate
  解析:本题考查charge的搭配以及其他一些短语的用法。Charge sb. with sth.意为“以某事指控或控告某人”,另外accuse…(of)也表示“指控或控告”,注意不同的介词搭配。Failure(fail) to do sth.常用于表示“未能做成某事”,本句中是跟在介词with后面,所以用名词failure。
  5. When confronted with such questions,my mind goes blank
  解析:本题考查对短语be confronted with及单词blank的掌握。Be confronted with sb./sth.表示“面对、面临某人或某事”,go blank常用于表示“(思想或大脑)变得空白、呆滞”。
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2010-08-19 14:49 编辑:mavis1114
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