在线词典,在线翻译

【翻译训练】英语六级汉译英专项练习(二)解析与答案

所属:四六级英语 作者:webmaster 阅读:3098 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]
三、被动语态

  1) is being replaced by the computer and the projector

  (考点:被动语态的现在进行时)

  2) will have been published by the end of this year

  (考点:被动语态的将来完成时)

  3) can be used to demonstrate the way that cells work

  (考点:1. 被动语态与情态动词联用; 2. 汉语有些没有“被”字等标志词的句子也表示被动, 要译成英语的被动语态)

  4) I was startled, for the prices were a great deal higher than I had anticipated

  (考点:同“3”的考点2)

  5) Effective measures must be taken immediately

  (考点:汉语的无主句通常翻译成英语的被动语态)

  四、情态动词

  1) but there is no answer. She can’t be at home

  (考点:情态动词可以表示可能性,can’t 表示“一定不”)

  2) I may have left them in the coffee shop yesterday

  (考点:“情态动词can/could, may/might, must + 完成式”用于表示对过去发生的动作的主观判断)

  3) You must have dreamed of something terrible

  (考点:同上)

  4) You should have invited her to your graduation ceremony

  (考点:“情态动词should/ought to + have done” 用于评论过去应该做而实际并未做的动作,含有批评的意思)

  5) I needn’t have put on my best suit to go to the party

  (考点:“情态动词needn’t + have + done”表示对过去发生的动作进行评论,认为“无须发生”,“不必做”)

  五、虚拟语气

  1) I had had your opportunities when I was young

  (考点:I wish后的that从句中用过去完成式表示过去没有实现或不可能实现的愿望)

  2) he had known this disease is curable

  (考点:If only 引导的感叹句表示“但愿”或“要是……就好了”,用法与 I wish…基本相同)

  3) painted it blue, and without any decorations

  (考点:would rather 后的that从句中用过去式表示不是事实)

  4) measures were taken to solve the problem of traffic jams

  (考点:It’s (about/high) time 后的that从句中用过去式,表示“该是……的时候了”)

  5) as though he were delivering a speech at an assembly

  (考点:as if / as though引导的从句中用过去式表示和现在事实相反或对现在情况有所怀疑)

  6) Jack (should) be sent to hospital right now

  (考点:表示“建议、命令、要求、想法”的动词所接的宾语从句通常用“(that) sb. (should) do”的虚拟形式)

  7) more mobile shops (should) be set up in the residential area

  (考点:表示“建议、命令、要求、想法”的动词所接的主语从句通常用“(that) sb. (should) do”的虚拟形式)

  8) they (should) set up a special board/committee to examine this problem

  (考点:表示“建议、命令、要求、想法”的名词所接的表语从句通常用“(that) sb. (should) do”的虚拟形式)

  9) the mid-term exams (should) be canceled

  (考点:表示“建议、命令、要求、想法”的名词所接的同位语从句通常用“(that) sb. (should) do”的虚拟形式)

  [表示“建议、命令、要求、想法”的动词及其名词常见的有:advise (advice), agree (agreement), decide (decision), decree, demand, determine (determination), grant, indicate (indication), insist (insistence), order, prefer (preference), propose (proposal), request, require (requirement), resolve (resolution), stipulate (stipulation), suggest(suggestion), urge, vote;常见的这类动词还有:allow, arrange, ask, beg, concede, demonstrate, ensure, intend, move, pledge, pray等]

  10) we (should) be short of water in a country where it is always raining

  (考点:在It is/was +形容词后的that从句中常用“sb. should do”的形式表示建议惊奇等。这类形容词常见的有:advisable, anxious, appropriate, compulsory, crucial, desirable, eager, essential, fitting, imperative, important, impossible, improper, natural, necessary, obligatory, preferable, proper, urgent, vital, willing等)

  11) everyone (should) be prepared for emergency

  (考点:同上)

  12) If he had booked tickets in the way I told him

  (考点:在非真实条件句中用过去完成式表示与过去的事实相反)

15
2010-08-19 14:35 编辑:mavis1114
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