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【翻译训练】英语六级考试翻译范例与解析(十一)

所属:四六级英语 作者:webmaster 阅读:2446 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]
Exercise Eleven
  1. He works _______________(在倒数第二个办公室).
  2. The beauty of the lake is _______________(难以用语言形容).
  3. ________________(一个人如果关在家里),a person can’t know much about the world.
  4. _______________(完成作业后),they went to the library.
  5. I found him ________________(被打得青一块紫一块).
  答案解析:
  1. in the last office but one
  解析:but经常与表示最高级的形容词或first,next,last等同连用,如:Some people say this nation is the cleverest but one in the whole world.(有人说,这个民族在全世界范围内聪明才智排第二。)She was the last but one to come.(她是倒数第二个来的。)
  2. beyond description
  解析:比起译文not easy to describe in words,cannot be described by words,答案的译文显然要精妙得多。beyond用作介词时可以表示exceeding,out the reach of,即:超出(理解、范围、眼界)之上。如:This passage is beyond my comprehension.(这篇文章超出了我的理解力。)I won’t buy your radio set beyond my offer.(只要超出我出的价钱,我就不买你这台收音机。)
  3. Kept within houses
  解析:过去分词短语作状语表示条件,相当于一个条件状语从句。Kept within houses要比If a person was kept within houses更简洁明了,且可以避免前后句person的重复。请看下例:Given more time, I can also do it.(如果给我足够时间,我也可以做此事。)过去分词短语还可以作原因状语、时间状语、伴随状语等。考生应注意复习。如:
  Influenced by his ideas, she joined the revolution too.(作原因状语)
  Heated,ice changes into water.(作条件状语)
  He went there with great hope,but returned greatly disappointed.(表伴随状况)
  4. Having finished their homework
  解析:我们知道,现在分词在句中可以表示原因、时间、条件、结果等。本题考查了现在分词短语作时间状语的用法。由后半句可知,“完成作业”发生在“他们去图书馆”之前,因此,现在分词短语需要用完成时态。如果分词动作与谓语动词动作同时发生,就用一般式,如:Seeing the picture,he couldn’t help thinking of her. (一看到照片,他就禁不住想起她。)
  5. beaten black and blue
  解析:本题考点有二:一是如何表达习语“青一块紫一块”;二是过去分词作宾语补足语的用法。过去分词作宾语补足语改为被动语态时,可以省略to be,尤其是在like,want,order,wish后,如:I wish him driven away. = I wish him to be driven away。换成被动语态后就是:He is wished (to be ) driven away.
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2010-08-19 14:24 编辑:mavis1114
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