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【听力辅导】四六级听力指导:段落理解题解构-2

所属:四六级英语 作者:webmaster 阅读:3531 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

二、四六级段落题中常见的重要信息提示语
  听者在听音过程中要积极思维、快速反应,特别要注意表示句与句之间关系的信息提示语,并借此发现句与句之间的逻辑关系,确定重要信息。听者要想从结构上把握篇章,就要顺着指示语预期何时可能开始谈论一个话题、何时出现讲述的重点以及何时可能转换话题,请注意以下的信息提示语。
   1. 数字信息及相关事实
  【普通数字、小数、分数、百分比、价格、比率、年代、时刻】
  □ The earth’s crust is divided into seven sections.
  □ There are only 24 well qualified male students at the Deep Spring College.
  □ A job interview usually lasts from 30 to 45 minutes.
  □ Middle English extended from about 1100 to about 1475.
  □ “I taught my minority students English and Drama classes in high school for 20 years.
  □ Dry ice was first manufactured in 1925.
  □ Tuition will be on an average of 9 percent higher this year than last.
  2. 因果关系提示语(原因为考查点)
  【因为,由于, 归因于(原因在后)】
  □as…, since…, because…, now that…, considering…, given…, for reason that…,the reason why…is…, because of…, owing to…, on account of…, as a result of…, for the sake of…, due to…, result from…,thanks to…,attribute…to…
  【导致,引起,成为…原因(原因在前)】
  □…cause…, …lead to…, …bring about…, …contribute to…, …result in…, …account for…, trigger off…, …responsible for…, …to blame for…
  【因此,所以(原因在前)】
  □…and so…, …Therefore…, …Thus…, …Hence…, …As a result…, …That’s why…, …For this reason…, …Accordingly…, …As a consequence…, …Consequently…, so… that…, too…to…
  3. 观点提出及列举
  【观点论题的提出】
  □ Today, I"m going to discuss/ introduce/ talk about/ explain……
  □ My speech will focus upon/center around/concentrate on……
  □ The subject/topic/propose for today’s lecture/discussion is……
  □ Today, people are increasingly concerned about/aware of the gravity of……
  □ When it comes to……
  【话题的另外一个方面或反面】
  □ Another point I want to mention is ……
  □ In addition ..., Besides ..., Apart from ..., Aside from ..., Moreover ..., Furthermore ...,What"s more…
  □ On the contrary ..., However ..., But on the other hand..., Conversely ..., By contrast …, ...whereas ... A totally different picture lies in ...
  【列举话题的各个方面】
  □ First/Firstly... …Second/Secondly... …Third/Thirdly… ... Lastly……
  □ To begin with.….. Next…… Furthermore…... Finally…...
  □ In the first place.….. In the second place…... Moreover…... By the way…...
  □ Above all…... In addition…... Then.….. Afterward…... Last but not least…...
  □ On the one hand… ... On the other hand…...
  □ For one thing…... For another…...
  【话题结束的总结语】
  □In short/brief.……Briefly…...Summing up/To sum up…...Summarizing/To summarize…...To conclude…...In conclusion……As a result…...In general…...Generally speaking…...All in all…...By and large……On the whole…...On this basis…...Given all these aspects…...Everything considered…...Finally, it can be concluded/inferred/deduced that……
  4. 论说文主题关键词
  【名词】
  □The point / idea / view / opinion / truth / fact / cause / reason / problem / question / answer / solution / explanation / threat / challenge / dilemma / difficulty / method / gist / propose / object / goal / motive / attitude / reaction / plan / first step / only way / controversy / conflict / dispute / argument / proof / evidence / advice / suggestion / proposal / request / requirement / standard / limitation / decision / intention / effect / result / consequence / duty / responsibility / task / danger / trouble / crisis / barrier / hope / possibility / exception / surprise is ……
  【动词】
  □point out / advance / suggest / advice / emphasize / comment / explain / require / conclude / insist / maintain / hold it true that / believe / stick to / criticize / refute / prove / try to / attempt to / intend to / plan to / dream of / decide to / resolve to / determine to / object to / support / advocate / approve / agree / disapprove / disagree / prefer / claim / declare / deny / admit / endanger / mean
  【形容词(所有形容词的最高级形式)】
  □important / essential / critical / vital / dangerous / indispensable / necessary / urgent / best / biggest / serious / severe / grave / possible / impossible / likely / unlikely / surprised / unexpected / unusual / disappointed / desperate / special / unique / different / distinctive / direct / difficult / rare
  【其它特殊表达方式】
  □the only / the first / the last / except / with the exception of / especially / but / however / nevertheless / otherwise / unless / only if / so long as / on condition that / actually / as a matter of fact
  三、段落理解题的题目设置规律
  ○段首句开门见山引出主题或故事发生环境,往往设置为考点
  ○因果关系中的原因是必考内容,不管直接或间接提到的原因都会用why来提问
  ○形容词副词最高级形式一旦出现,则此句即成为考点,如:the most important reason is……; their biggest trouble was……; he worked most efficiently when ……
  ○故事题中的一个关键动词,人物所说的一句意味深长的话需要找到同义解释
  ○说明文中的数字年代和概念往往需要在选项中重新定位
  ○人物题中的重要年代及相关历史事件需要重新搭配定位,不做记录容易混淆
  ○议论文中有时自问自答,问题将成为考题,回答内容即正确选项
  ○议论文中只要出现I think……, I believe it’s true that……, In my opinion……等表达,就会重新问及speaker的观点态度; 没有这些表达则段首句是其观点

24
2010-08-18 16:34 编辑:homersimpson
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