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【听力辅导】英语六级听力选择题答题方法点拨-2

所属:四六级英语 作者:webmaster 阅读:4024 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]
二,审题及利用选项推知答案
  1. 审题的作用:
  小对话――看选项,判断题目类型,推知解题方法。
  长对话及短文――看选项,推断问题,方便运用视听基本一致原则且帮助定位。预测长对话或短文的主题。
  2.如何在完全听不懂的情况下通过选项推知答案:
  一般的,当两个选项意思相近或谈论的话题相同时,其中一个可能是正确答案;当两个选项通过同义转换使得实际观点相同时,两个选项均不是答案;当两个选项话题相同且意思相反时,其中一个可能是正确答案。
  例题:
  2009年6月六级考试第14题
  14. .A. She can help the man take care of the plants.
  B. Most plants grow better in direct sunlight.
  C. The plants need to be watered frequently.
  D. The plants should be placed in a shady spot.
  答案:D
  原文:
  14. M: The plants next to the window always look brown. You wouldn’t know by looking at them that I water them every week.
  W: Maybe they don’t like direct sunlight. I had the same problem with some of my plants. And a little shade helps them immensely.
  Q: What does the woman imply?
  解析:只看选项,CD选项相近且主语都是The plants,话题相同;BD选项话题相同且意思相反,所以选D 。
  三,部分统计类规律
  小对话:
  六级小对话听力场景里的故事情节总趋于不完美性――比如,订票一般订不到,课程一般比较难,作业一般不好做,等等。当然,这只是一条统计规律,具体问题具体分析。
  另外的,一般情况下,小对话的第二句出现出题点的可能性大于第一句,也就是一般来讲第二句比第一句重要,但也会有第一句出现出题点的可能。
  长对话及短文听力:
  一般是顺序出题原则,但当有问及全文主题等类题目出现时,有可能不按顺序出题。
  一般首句或首句群会出题。
  六级听力复合式听写答题方法点拨
  1, 审题。先看第一句,判断出该篇的主题、感情基调及时态。再看单词空格前后的单词或短语,以此推知空格中所填单词的词性甚至词义。此外还需注意句子空格前后是什么单词,以判断句子的起止点。
  2, 速记。复合式听写在第一遍读文章时,时间是比较不够用的,所以如何锻炼自己速记能力很重要。如departmentàdept., difficultàdifft, three months laterà 3m>, eight days agoà <8d等。对于写字慢的同学,句子不一定完全照搬,可以记下重点词,之后凭印象和逻辑连词成句。
  3, 注意单词拼写。一般常考的单词是名词和动词。名词需要注意单复数,动词需要注意时态。句子中如果遇到不会拼写的单词,可用同义词替换。
  例题:
  2009年6月六级考试复合式听写第36题
  English is the leading international language. In different countries around the globe, English is acquired as the mother (36) ________, in others it’s used as a second language.
  答案:tongue
  相信大部分同学只要看了这句话,就都可以猜出在空格里填入的单词和前面mother构成的短语意思应该是“母语”,于是填入tongue。实际上这个空格是无需听音即可填出的。
  例题:
  1999年6月六级考试复合式听写第S1题
  President Clinton later today joins (S1) ________presidents Ford, Garter and Bush at “the president’s summit for American’s future” aimed at recruiting one million volunteer tutors…
  答案: former
  同样的,无需听音,即可猜出S1空格应和presidents搭配意为“前总统”,于是填入former.
  六级听力考前两周复习方法
  1, 复习高频词汇、常见场景词汇以及听力多义词汇。
  2, 总结真题中出现的固定搭配和习惯表达。
  3, 多听真题,尽量做到每天一套真题。同学们一定会发现,真题的参考性是非常大的,反复出一个考点在六级听力中屡见不鲜。
  比如六级考试09年6月第13题,原文及选项均仿照02年6月第3题。
  再如六级考试09年6月第15题,原文及选项均仿照00年6月第9题。
  此外六级考试07年12月第11题,原文及选项均仿照00年1月第5题。
  例题:
  2009年6月六级考试第13题
  13. A. Taking a picture of Prof. Brown.
  B. Commenting on an oil-painting.
  C. Hosting a TV program.
  D. Staging a performance.
  答案:C
  原文:
  13. W: Well, tonight we have Professor Brown in our studio to talk about the famous oil painting of Queen Victoria. Good evening, professor.
  M: Good evening, madam, my pleasure to be here tonight.
  Q: What is the woman doing?
  例题:
  2002年6月六级考试第3题
  3. A. Painting a picture.
  B. Hosting a program.
  C. Designing a studio.
  D. Taking a photograph.
  答案:B
  原文:
  3. W: Well, Tonight we have Prof. Brown in the studio to talk about his recent book, Fashion Images. Good evening.
  M: Good evening, and thank you for inviting me here this evening.
  Q: What is the woman doing?
  例题:
  2009年6月六级考试第15题
  15. .A. Change to a more exciting channel.
  B. See the movie some other time.
  C. Go to bed early.
  D. Stay up till eleven.
  答案:C
  原文:
  15. M: I’m really exhausted, Mary. But I don’t want to miss the Hollywood movie that comes on at 11.
  W: If I were you, I’d skip it. We both have to get up early tomorrow. And anyway I’ve heard it’s not as exciting as advertised.
  Q: What does the woman suggest the man do?
  例题:
  2000年6月六级考试第9题
  9. A. The man should stay up and watch the program.
  B. The man should read something exciting instead.
  C. The man should go to bed at eleven.
  D. The man should give up watching the movie.
  答案:D
  原文:
  9.M: I’m really exhausted, but I don’t want to miss the film that comes on at 11.
  W: If I were you, I’d skip it. We both have to get up early tomorrow, and anyway, I’ve heard it isn’t that exciting.
  Q: What does the woman mean?
  最后,祝各位考生在四六级考试中取得好成绩!
25
2010-08-18 16:21 编辑:homersimpson
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