所属:四六级英语 作者:webmaster 阅读:2153 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

Passage 7
  Studying Overseas
  Study overseas can be the adventure of a lifetime, and the majority of these experiences are healthy and safe. But, unless some simple precautions are taken, a young person living without a parent in a foreign country can encounter cultural disorientation and real, physical dangers. While auto and motorcycle accidents are a primary cause for concern, there are a host of other factors that need to be considered①, preferably, well in advance of a student?s departure②.
  There are the familiar risks of unsafe sex and illegal drugs. No different from home, you say? Traveling students and their parents often dont realize how cultural and legal differences can enhance these “risk factors.” Simply put, what is “safe” or tolerated behavior in the United States can be interpreted quite differently in a foreign country.
  In a strange place with new rules, even responsible teenagers may occasionally “lose their heads” and take chances that they wouldn?t normally take, like traveling unaccompanied to a strange country, not telling anyone where they are, or buying or selling on the black market. As a result, young travelers can easily find themselves in the wrong place at the wrong time.
  Still, college students often reason that “horror stories” about incarcerated Americans overseas “will never happen to me!” In his MP article Legal Rights of Travelers, international law expert Jeffrey R. Miller describes some of the penalties facing the errant traveler. These can be extreme by American standards.
  However, safety is indeed everyone?s responsibility. The school program, the parents and the student all need to take part. Avoid potentially troublesome situations because as a foreigner you are more vulnerable. Be more cautious than at home. Here?s an obvious but critically important safety rule: Always let someone know where you are and never travel alone.
[298 words]

  本文语句十分地道,句式多样。段落之间存在的一些具有连接功能的词语,如still, however等,让文章连贯性更强。

  然而,大学生们却常常认为那些监禁海外美国人的恐怖故事永远都不会发生在自己身上。国际法专家Jeffrey R. Miller在他呈交给议会的论文《旅游者的合法权益》中指出,应对那些行踪不定的旅行者加以某种惩罚。在美国人眼里,这样做是有点过分了。

?precaution      n.预防,防备,警惕      
?encounter        vt.遇见,遭遇
?disorientation   n.迷失        
?interpret       vt.解释,诠释
?incarcerate      v.将某人监禁
?penalty          n.触发,惩罚
?errant           a.为冒险而周游的               
?vulnerable       a.易受伤害的

①【注释】a host of sb/sth 大群,众多,许多(人或事物)
【临摹】I can?t come, for a whole host of reasons.由于种种原因,我来不了。
②【注释】in advance of sth 预先;事前
【临摹】Galileo?s ideas were well in advance of the age in which he lived.伽利略的思想远远超越了他所在的那个时代。佳句临摹

Look before you leap. 三思而后行。
When at Rome, do as the Romans do. 入乡随俗。

Passage 8
  Higher Education in America
  There is evidence that even incomplete university study gives a person better career prospects than none at all. So, it is accepted that the benefits of a university career are useful.
All this effort in America?s higher education is very expensive. Some of the costs come from fees and benefactions, particularly towards research, but most have to be paid from public funds. Parents favor big expenditures on higher education; a wider public opinion favors them for idealistic and cultural reasons, and because of the supposed value of education as an investment by society.
The first universities were developed by private charitable organizations. The private universities are still very important, and most of the best?known institutions, like Harvard, Yale and Princeton, are private.
  Most of the principal state universities have between 10, 000 and 30, 000 students, and some have increased rapidly in the past few years. Private universities and colleges are generally smaller, and although they are more numerous than public institutions they have a smaller total number of students than those in public institutions. The private colleges vary very much in standards and reputation, from the world?famous and select to the cranky and the obscure①. The best known of all is Harvard.
  There are also many junior colleges to which students may be admitted at the end of their high school career, providing only the first two years of university work.
  For the most part Americans think that there?s some advantage in attending one of the better?known private institutions, in spite of the higher cost, rather than a state university. However, state universities are becoming increasingly important, and some of them, particularly in the Midwest have a reputation practically equal to that of the private ones. Almost every state by now has several university institutions directly under the authority of the state government.
[308 words]



?benefaction     n.恩惠, 善行, 施予    
?expenditure   n.经费,费用,支出额
?charitable organizations  慈善机构  
?cranky         a.任性的, 暴躁的
?obscure   a.不著名的,不重要的   
?prominent     a.突出的,杰出的
①【注释】vary from sth to sth  改变,变动,变化
【临摹】Her mood varied from optimism to extreme depression.她的情绪由乐观变为极度消极。佳句临摹

The great difficulty in education is to get experience out of ideas. 教育之艰苦在于从意念中获得经验。
The one real object of education is to have a man in the condition of continually asking questions. 教育惟一的真正目的,就是让一个人进入这种状态:不断提出问题。

2010-08-18 15:24 编辑:mavis1114