The Purpose of School
Have you ever asked yourself why children go to school? You will probably say that they go to learn their own language and other languages, arithmetic, geography, geometry, history, science and all the other subjects. That is quite true, but why do they learn these things? And are these things all that they learn at school?
We send our children to school to prepare them for the time when they will be big and will have to work for themselves. They learn their own language so that they will be able to tell others clearly what they want and what they know, and understand what others tell them. They learn foreign languages in order to be able to benefit from what people in other countries have written and said, and in order to make people from other countries understand what they themselves mean. They learn arithmetic in order to be able to measure and count things in their daily life, geography in order to know something about the world around them, and history to know something about human beings they meet every day. Nearly everything they study at school has some practical use in their life, but is that the only reason why they go to school?
No. There is more in education than just learning facts. We go to school, above all①, to learn how to learn, so that, when we have left school, we can continue to learn. A man who really knows how to learn will always be successful, because whenever he has to do something new which he has never had to do before, he will rapidly teach himself how to do it in the best way. The uneducated person, on the other hand②, is either unable to do something new, or does it badly．The purpose of schools, therefore, is not just to teach languages, arithmetic, geography, etc．, but teach pupils the way to learn．
? arithmetic ｎ．算术
? geometry ｎ．几何
? prepare sb. for sth. 让某人为某事做好准备
①【注释】above all 最重要的；尤其
【临摹】He longs above all to see his family again.他尤其渴望再见到家里人。
②【注释】on the other hand 另一方面
【临摹】I want to go to the party, but on the other hand I ought to be studying. 我想去参加聚会，但从另一方面来说，我应该留下来学习。佳句临摹
Art is long, but life is short. 人生有涯，而学无涯。
What is learned in the cradle is carried to the grave. 儿时所学，终生难忘。
Reading for Pleasure
The first thing I want to insist on is that reading should be enjoyable. Of course, there are many books that we all have to read, either to pass examinations or to acquire information, from which it is impossible to extract enjoyment. We are reading them for instruction, and the best we can hope is that our need for it will enable us to get through them without tedium. Such books we read with resignation rather than with alacrity. But that is not the sort of reading I have in mind. The books I shall mention in due course will help you neither to get a degree nor to earn your living, they will not teach you to sail a boat or get a stalled motor to run, but they will help you to live more fully. That, however, they cannot do unless you enjoy reading them.
Every man is his own best critic. Whatever the learned say about a book, however unanimous they are in their praise of it, unless it interests you, it is no business of yours①. And you who read are the final judge of the value to you of the book you are reading. We are none of us exactly like everyone else, only rather like, and it would be unreasonable to suppose that the books that have meant a great deal to me should be precisely those that will mean a great deal to you. But there are books that I feel the richer for having read, and I think I should not be quite the man I am if I had not read them. No one is under an obligation to read poetry or fiction or the miscellaneous literature which is classed as belles?lettres②. He must read them for pleasure，and who can claim that what pleases one man must necessarily please another?
文章开篇点题，用The first thing 首先表明了reading should be
enjoyable这一观点。接下来作者从读书的目的说明只有enjoy reading才能够有助你live more fully。第一段最后一句That,
however, they cannot do unless you enjoy reading
第二段首句Every man is his own best critic.就是本段的主题句，全段围绕这个主题展开议论。结尾处使用了一个反问句，这样不仅深化了主题，而且能引起读者的共鸣。
?tedium n.厌烦, 沉闷
?resignation n. 听任, 顺从
?in due course 及时地，在适当时
?ear one?s living 赚钱谋生
?miscellaneous a.各色各样混在一起, 混杂的
①【注释】no business of one?s与某人无关
【临摹】My plan is no business of yours.我的计划与你无关。
②【注释】under an obligation 有义务，有道义负责
【临摹】She?s under an obligation to him because he lent her money.因为他把钱借给她了，所以她有偿还他的义务。佳句临摹
Books are the ever?burning lamps of accumulated wisdom. 书籍是积聚智慧的长明灯。
By reading we enrich the mind, by conversation we polish it. 读书使人充实，沟通使人精明。
Passage Twenty-five (Exploration of the Titanic) After resting on the ocean floor, split asunder and rusting, for nearly three-quarters of a century, a great ship seemed to
Passage Twenty-seven (Analysis and Interpretation of the News) The newspaper must provide for the reader the facts, unalloyed, unslanted, objectively selected facts. But in