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【写作辅导】2010年英语四级考试作文评分标准及错误总结

所属:四六级英语 作者:webmaster 阅读:3152 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

 

评分标准
  2分……条理不清,思路紊乱,语言支离破碎或大部分句子均有错误,且多数为严重错误。
  5分……基本切题。表达思想不清楚,连贯性差。有较多的严重语言错误。
  8分……基本切题。有些地方表达思想不够清楚,文字勉强连贯;语言错误相当多,其中有一些是严重错误。
  11分……切题。表达思想清楚,文字连贯,但有少量语言错误。?
  14分……切题。表达思想清楚,文字通顺,连贯性好。基本上无语言错误,仅有个别小错。(注: 白卷, 作文与题目毫不相关, 或只有几个孤立的词而无法表达思想,则给0分。)
  常见写作错误
  一、主语错误
  1. 主语缺失
  1)In our country feels very free.
  People feel free in our country.
  2)In my hometown aren’t very busy.
  People in my hometown are very busy.
  2. 非名词主语
  1)Rich doesn’t ensure a happy life.
  Being rich doesn’t mean a happy life. / Wealth doesn’t ensure a happy life.
  2)Keep two full-time jobs is simply impossible.
  Keeping two full-time jobs is simply impossible.
  3. 主谓错位
  1)Reading books can acquire knowledge.
  People can acquire knowledge from books.
  2)Now people’s lives can’t leave TV.
  Now people can’t do without TV.
  二、谓语错误
  1. 多重谓语
  1)In our modern society, there are many examples around us show that many people are cheated.
  In our modern society, many examples around us show that many people are cheated. / A large number of people have fallen victim to various tricks.
  2)Poverty makes many people can’t study abroad.
  Poverty makes many people unable to study abroad. / Poverty makes it impossible for many people to study abroad. / Poverty prevents many people from studying abroad. / Many people can’t study abroad because of poverty.
  2. 非动词谓语
  1)Some people firmly agree, but others against it.
  Some people firmly agree, but others are against it.
  2)It is said that the place worths touring.
  It is said that the place is worth touring.
  3. 主谓不一致
  1)I have to visit the teacher who teach me College English.
  I have to visit the teacher who teaches me College English.
  2)I use a disk because it hold plenty of data.
  I use a disk because it holds plenty of data..
  4. 误用词组
  1)They insist on post-graduate study is very important for them.
  They insist that post-graduate study is very important for them.
  2)I am afraid of that it’s going to rain.
  I am afraid that it’s going to rain.
  三、冠词错误
  1)In my opinion, the future of bicycle is very promising.
  In my opinion, the future of the bicycle is very promising.
  2) They suggest that we should choose only the good books to read and never touch the bad ones.
  They suggest that we should choose only good books to read and never touch bad ones.
  四、代词错误
  1. 偷梁换柱
  1)An important thing for the student to remember is that when writing a paper, you should not plagiarize.
  An important thing for the student to remember is that when writing a paper, he should not plagiarize.
  2)If we cheat others, friends will never believe you and they will leave you alone.
  If we cheat others, friends will never believe us and they will leave us along. / If you cheat others, friends will never believe you and they will leave you alone.
  2. 指代不明
  1)He gave a reason for not attending the meeting, which nobody believed.
  He gave a reason, which nobody believed, for not attending the meeting. / He gave a reason for not attending the meeting, a reason which nobody believed.
  2)Sometimes teachers have to inform the students of the heavy burden they have to bear.
  Sometimes teachers have to inform the students of the heavy burden students have to bear.
  五、形容词、副词错误
  1)What is more, the change of the weather will make the place look differently.
  What is more, the change of the weather will make the place look different.
  2)Surprising enough, he faces the failure very bravely.
  Surprisingly enough, he faces the failure very bravely.
  六、分词误用
  1) Comparing with other countries, China pays little attention to the energy problem.
  Compared with other countries, China pays little attention to the energy problem.
  2) Those spirits were just like an indispensable part of the whole picture when viewing through my camera.
  Those spirits were just like an indispensable part of the whole picture when viewed through my camera.
  七、修饰语误置
  1) Spoken English is an important part for learning English people.
  Spoken English is an important part for people learning English.
  2)To keep the air clean, we must move the factories which give off poisonous gases to the countryside.
  To keep the air clean, we must move to the countryside the factories which give off poisonous gases to the countryside.
  八、垂悬修饰语
  1) Having carried out economic reforms in our country, people’s living standard has been greatly improved.
  Having carried out economic reforms in our country, people have greatly improved their living standard.
  2)To tell my friend the good news, the letter was posted at once.
  To tell my friend the good news, I posted the letter at once.
  九、平行错误
  1) While we reduce the number of vehicles, the speed of traffic can be increased.
  While we reduce the number of vehicles, we can increase the speed of traffic.
  2) Before I selected the new course, my teacher warned me of the difficulty of the course and how long it lasted.
  Before I selected the new course, my teacher warned me of the difficulty and length of the course. / Before I selected the new course, my teacher warned me how difficult the course was and how long it lasted.
  十、搭配错误
  1) In the past the price of meat was so expensive that most families could not afford it.
  In the past the price of meat was so high that most families could not afford it.
  2) Crowded traffic in some large cities is a big problem for city dwellers.
  Heavy traffic in some large cities is a big problem for city dwellers.
  十一、破句
  1) Nowadays, if you want to find a job. Then you must pass the job interview.
  Nowadays, if you want to find a job, you must pass the job interview.
  2) First you should show good manners. Because the first impression you leave on others is important.
  First you should show good manners, because the first impression you leave on others is important

19
2010-08-18 14:26 编辑:juliatt
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