在线词典,在线翻译

【阅读训练】英语四级备战之四级阅读附答案解析(四)

所属:四六级英语 作者:webmaster 阅读:4254 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

Do you find getting up in the morning so difficult that it's painful ? This might be called laziness, but Dr. Kleitman has a new explanation. He has proved that everyone has a daily energy cycle.

During the hours when you labour through your work you may say that you're "hot". That's true. The time of day when you feel most energetic is when your cycle of bady temperature is at its peak . For some people the peak comes during the forenoon. For others it comes in the afternoon or evening No one has discovered why this is so , but it leads to such familiar monologues as : "Get up, John! You'll be late for work again !" The possible explanation to the trouble is that John is at his temperature-and -energy peak in the evening. Much family quarrelling ends when husbands and wives realize what these energy cycles mean, and which cycle each member of the family has.

You can't change your energy cycle, but you can learn to make your life fit it better. Habit can help, Dr. Kleitman believes . Maybe you're sleepy in the evening but feel you must stay up late anyway . Counteract  your cycle to some extent by habitually staying up later than you want to .If your energy is low in the morning but you have an important job to do early in the day, rise before your usual hour. This won't change your cycle, but you'll get up steam and work better at your low point.

Get off to a slow start which saves your energy. Get up with a leisurely yawn and stretch . Sit on the edge of the bed a minute before putting your feet on the floor . Avoid the troublesome search for clean clothes by laying them out the night before. Whenever possible, do routine work in the afternoon and save tasks requiring more energy or concentration for your sharper hours.

31. If a person finds getting up early a problem , most probably _______.
A)he is a lazy person
B)he refuses to follow his own energy cycle
C)he is not sure when his energy is low
D)he is at his peak in the afternoon or evening

32. Which of the following may lead to family quarrels according to the passage?
A) Unawareness of energy cycles.
B) Familiar monologues.
C) A change in a family member's energy cycle.
D) Attempts to control the energy cycle of other family members.

33.If one wants to work more efficiently at his how point in the morning, he should _____.
A)change his energy cycle
B)overcome his laziness
C)get up earlier than usual
D)go to bed earlier

34. You are advised to rise with a yawn and stretch because it will _____.
A)help to keep your energy for the day's work
B)help you to control your temper early in the day
C)enable you to concentrate on your routine work
D)keep your energy cycle under control all day

35. Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE?
A)Getting off to work with a minimum effort helps save one's energy.
B)Dr. Kleitman explains why people reach their peaks at different hours of day.
C)Habit helps a person adapt to his own energy cycle.
D)Children have energy cycles, too.

参考答案及解析:

Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:

Do you find getting up in the morning so difficult that it's painful? This might be called laziness, but Dr. Kleitman has a new explanation. He has proved that everyone has a daily energy cycle.

注:1.第一句提出现象,后面跟着对现象的解释,这种解释一般是考点

2.but  转折词和 might  虚拟语气都表达作者负态度

3.最后一句话 he has proved... 主题句

During the hours when you labor through your work you may say that you're 'hot'. That's true. The time of day when you feel most energetic is when your cycle of body temperature is at its peak. For some people the peak comes during the forenoon. For others it comes in the afternoon or evening. No one has discovered why this is so, but it leads to such familiar monologues (自言自语) as: 'Get up, John! You'll be late for work again!' The possible explanation to the trouble is that John is at his temperature-and-energy peak in the evening. Much family quarrelling ends when husbands and wives realize what these energy cycles mean, and which cycle each member of the family has.

注:1.peak 顶峰,高峰

2.forenoon 上午

You can' t change your energy cycle, but you can learn to make your life fit it better. Habit can help. Dr. Kleitman believes. Maybe you're sleepy in the evening but feel you must stay up late anyway. Counteract (对抗) your cycle to some extent by habitually staying up later than you want to. If your energy is low in the morning but you have an important job to do early in the day, rise before your usual hour. This won't change your cycle, but you'll get up steam (鼓起干劲) and work better at your low point.

注:1.第一句话结论句,后面跟着结论的解释

2.stay up 熬夜

3.rise 起床

4.本段说明针对能量周期我们怎么做

31. If a person finds getting up early a problem, most probably ________.

A) he is a lazy person

B) he refuses to follow his own energy cycle

C) he is not sure when his energy is low

D) he is at his peak in the afternoon or evening

注:定位第二段,新老观点混淆

During the hours when you labor through your work you may say that you' re 'hot'. That's true. The time of day when you feel most energetic is when your cycle of body temperature is at its peak. For some people the peak comes during the forenoon. For others it comes in the afternoon or evening. No one has discovered why this is so, but it leads to such familiar monologues (自言自语) as: 'Get up, John! You'll be late for work again!' The possible explanation to the trouble is that John is at his temperature-and-energy peak in the evening. Much family quarrelling ends when husbands and wives realize what these energy cycles mean, and which cycle each member of the family has.

32. Which of the following may lead to family quarrels according to the passage?

A) Unawareness of energy cycles.

B) Familiar monologues.

C) A change in a family member's energy cycle.

D) Attempts to control the energy cycle of other family members.

注:定位第二段,文章条件反过来讲

During the hours when you labor through your work you may say that you' re 'hot'. That's true. The time of day when you feel most energetic is when your cycle of body temperature is at its peak. For some people the peak comes during the forenoon. For others it comes in the afternoon or evening. No one has discovered why this is so, but it leads to such familiar monologues (自言自语) as: 'Get up, John! You'll be late for work again!' The possible explanation to the trouble is that John is at his temperature-and-energy peak in the evening. Much family quarrelling ends when husbands and wives realize what these energy cycles mean, and which cycle each member of the family has.

33. If one wants to work more efficiently at his low point in the morning, he should _________.

A) change his energy cycle

B) overcome his laziness

C) get up earlier than usual

D) go to bed earlier

注:定位第三段

You can' t change your energy cycle, but you can learn to make your life fit it better. Habit can help. Dr. Kleitman believes. Maybe you're sleepy in the evening but feel you must stay up late anyway. Counteract (对抗) your cycle to some extent by habitually staying up later than you want to. If your energy is low in the morning but you have an important job to do early in the day, rise before your usual hour. This won' t change your cycle, but you'll get up steam (鼓起干劲) and work better at your low point.

34. You are advised to rise with a yawn and stretch because it will _________.

A) help to keep your energy for the day's work

B) help you to control your temper early in the day

C) enable you to concentrate on your routine work

D) keep your energy cycle under control all day

注:定位第四段

Get off to a slow start which saves your energy. Get up with a leisurely yawn (呵欠) and stretch. Sit on the edge of the bed a minute before putting your feet on the floor. Avoid the troublesome search for clean clothes by laying them out the night before. Whenever possible, do routine work in the afternoon and save tasks requiring more energy or concentration for your sharper hours.

35. Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE?

A) Getting off to work with a minimum effort helps save one's energy.

B) Dr. Kleitman explains why people reach their peaks at different hours of day.

C) Habit helps one adapt to his own energy cycle.

D) Children have energy cycles, too.

注:排除法。

A选项对应“Get off to a slow start which saves your energy. ”

B选项与“No one has discovered why this is so,...”矛盾。

C选项对应“You can' t change your energy cycle, but you can learn to make your life fit it better. Habit can help. ”

D选项对应第一段的末句。“He has proved that everyone has a daily energy cycle.”

9
2010-08-16 11:20 编辑:juliatt
分享到:
关注海词微博:
发表评论:
表达一些您的想法吧!已有0条评论>>
登录,再发表评论
文明上网,理性发言!
您可能还感兴趣的文章:
>>精华推荐阅读
热门评论文章