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【写作辅导】大作文写作必备三原则

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1. 三段论原则

全文多数情况下分三段。首段与末段都是两句至四句之间,也有五句的情况。中间的一段句子个数肯定会多一些。首段与末段的结论结构都是“总+分”,也有“总+分+总”的情况。首末段极其重要,所以我们一定要多加操练。也有写成四段的情况,注意这时中间可能有两个段落,但首末段的写法不变,突出其特殊的地位。

2. 组词成段原则

列出每段关键词, 每个词代表一个句子, 然后写出该词代表的句子, 最后将句子串成一段。这样可以尽快使你的思维点连贯起来, 快速成段。

以1992年考题“For a better understanding between parents and child”为例, 介绍一下这种写作方法:

第一步, 我们要仔细阅读“outline”, 然后在写第一段(present situation)的时候会联想到下列关键词汇:误会, 误解――misunderstanding; 理解――understanding; 抱怨――complain; (父母)过时了――old?fashioned 或者 behind the times; (向老师或同学)寻求帮助――seek help from...

第二步, 通过这些词汇我们可以造出句子:

misunderstanding―Nowadays there is often a misunderstanding between parents and children.

understand―Parents find it difficult to control or even understand their children.

complain, old?fashioned―Child complain that their parents are too“old?fashioned”to agree with what their children say and do.

behind the times―Many children often say that his or her parents are just hopelessly behind the times.

seek help from―The children will seek help from their friends or teachers instead of from their parents.

第三步,根据以上句子,我们在句与句之间加入合适的关联词,就可以组成段落了:

Nowadays there is often a misunderstanding between parents and children.On the one hand, parents find it difficult to control or even understand their children.On the other hand, Children complain that their parents are too“old?fashioned”to agree with what their children say and do.So whenever children are in trouble, they will seek help from their friends or teachers instead of from their parents.

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2010-08-13 10:53 编辑:rbhsyj
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