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【阅读辅导】四级阅读理解紧急情况下的应试技巧

所属:四六级英语 作者:webmaster 阅读:3113 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

英语四六级阅读理解如何不看文章答题 英语测试中阅读理解部分是最让考生紧张而又担心的部分。它量大,难度较高。因此,阅读理解题发挥如何决定着考生得分的高低。许多考生在做阅读理解部分时,最大感受就是时间紧、答案选项迷惑性大,因而很难及时而又准确地选出答案。
如何在没有足够时间进行深入阅读或文章太难而看不懂的情况下进行答题,我们在总结、归纳历年四、六级真题特点是基础上,向考生介绍一些紧急情况下的应试技巧。
       
一、阅读理解题答案项特征 
       
通过研究历届四、六级阅读理解题,我们发现,在所列出的四个选项中,也有一些普遍性规律可循。如果考生了解、熟悉并掌握了这些规律,他(她)们就可以找到做题时的“第六感觉”,达到所谓超常发挥的水平。如果考生来不及看文章,万般无奈下凭这些规律可以选中不少正确选项。 
       
(一)答案项中有绝对语气词的一般不是正确答案项。这些语气词有: must, always, never, the most, all, only, have to, any, no, very,completely, none, hardly等。 
       
例(1) One of the great changes brought about by the knowledge society is that _____ .(1995年6月六级题22) 
       
A. the difference between the employee and the employer has become insignificant. 
       
B. people's traditional concepts about work no longer hold true. 
       
C. most people have to take part-time jobs. 
       
D. people have to change their jobs from time to time. 
       
(分析:四个选项中,C、D两项中都含有“have to”,语气太绝对化,一般被排除。考生在剩下两项中进行选择,就大大降低了难度。)
       
例(2)The main idea of this passage is that _____ .(1991年6月六级题40) 
       
A.better use of green space facilities should be made so as to improve the quality of our life. 
       
B. attention must be directed to the improvement of recreative possibilities. 
       
C. the urban environment is providing more recreation activities than it did many years ago. 
       
D. priority must be given to the development of obligatory activities. 
       
(分析:B、D两项中均有must be,语气太绝对化,故一般被排除。考生结合短文内容在剩下两项中进行选择,命中率就极高了。) 

(二)选项中含有不十分肯定的语气词一般是正确答案项。这些语气词有: can, could, may, should, usually, might, most(大多数),more or less, relatively, be likely to, possible, whether or, not necessarily 等。 
       
例(1)It can be inferred from the passage that the author believes .(1999年6月四级题30) 
       
A.Americans are more ambitious than people in other countries 
       
B. in many countries success often depends on one's social status 
       
C. American businesses are more democratic than those in other countries 
       
D. businesses in other countries are not as competitive as those in America 
       
(分析:选项B中often 一词,语气委婉,不十分肯定,故为答案。而其它三项中所表达出的语气都明显绝对化。) 
       
例(2) According to the passage the problems of college education partly arise from the fact that ——. 
       
A. society can't provide enough jobs for properly trained college graduates 
       
B. high school graduates do not fit the pattern of college education? 
       
C. too many students have to earn their own living 
       
D. college administrators encourage students to drop out 
       
(分析:答案项C中有have to, 语气太绝对化,故被排除。而A项中can't 的语气则不十分绝对化,故为答案。) 
       
(三)选项中照抄原文的一般不是答案项,而同义替换的一般是选项。 
       
例(1)According to Dr. David, Americans .(1993年6月六级题32) 
       
A.are ideally vigorous even under the pressure of life 
       
B. often neglect the unsequences of sleep deficit 
       
C. do not know how to relax themselves properly 
       
D. can get by on 6.5 hours of sleep 
       
(分析:答案项中A、D两项基本上是原文中句子的原现,故被排除。B项中有often 一词,语气委婉,不十肯定,故为答案。) 
       
例(2)According to the passage, which of the following statements is true?(1996年1月六级题35) 
       
A.Future man will be made of silicon instead of flesh and blood 
       
B. Some day it will be difficult to tell a computer from a man 
       
C. The reasoning power of computers has already surpassed that of man 
       
D. Future intelligent life may not necessarily be made of organic matter.
       
(分析:A项句子基本上是原文词句,C项中有already一词,语气太绝对化,故A、C两项被排除。剩下B、D两项,而D项中有不十分肯定语气词may not,故选D。)

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2010-08-12 12:09 编辑:juliatt
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