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【语法及词汇辅导】英语四级语法:72种关键句型

所属:四六级英语 作者:webmaster 阅读:8385 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]


1. It作先行主语和先行宾语的一些句型
She had said what it was necessary to say.
 
2. 强调句型
It is not who rules us that is important, but how he rules us.
 
3. "All+抽象名词"或"抽象名词+itself"(very+形容词)
He was all gentleness to her.
 
4. 利用词汇重复表示强调
A crime is a crime a crime.
 
5. "something(much)of"和"nothing(little)of" "something of"相当于"to some extent",表示程度。在疑问句或条件从句中,则为"anything of ",可译为"有点","略微等。""译为毫无","全无"。"much of"译为"大有","not much of"可译为"算不上","称不上","little of"可译为"几乎无"。something like译为"有点像,略似。"
They say that he had no university education, but he seems to be something of a scholar.
 
6. 同格名词修饰是指of前后的两个名词都指同一个人或物,"of"以及它前面的名词构一个形容词短语,以修饰"of"后面的那个名词。如"her old sharper of a father",可译为:"她那骗子般的父亲"。
Those pigs of girls eat so much.
 
7. as…as…can(may)be
It is as plain as plain can be.
 
8. "It is in(with)…as in(with)"
It is in life as in a journey.
 
9. "as good as…"相等于,就像,几乎如;实际上,其实,实在。
The merchant as good as promised the orphan boy, that he would adopt him.
 
10."many as well…as"和"might as well …as" "many as well…as"可译为"与其……,不如……,更好","以这样做……为宜","如同……,也可以……"等等。"might as well …as"表示不可能的事,可译为"犹如……","可与……一样荒唐","与其那样不如这样的好"等等。
One may as well not know a thing at all as know it imperfectly.
 
11."to make…of"的译法(使……成为……,把……当作)
I will make a scientist of my son.
 
12. too…+不定式",not(never)too…+不定式","too…not+不定式
She is too angry to speak.

13. only (not, all, but, never) too …to do so "和"too ready (apt) + to do"结构中,不定式也没有否定意义,凡是"not","all" "but等字后+"too…to,"不定式都失去了否定意义,在"too ready(apt) +to do"结构中,不定式也没有否定意义。
You know but too yell to hold your tongue.
 
14. "no more …than…"句型
A home without love is no more a home than a body without a soul is a man.
 
15. "not so much…as"和"not so much as …"结构,"not so much…as"="not so much as …",其中as有进可换用but rather,可译为:"与其说是……毋须说是……"。而"not so much as"="without(not)even,"可译为"甚至……还没有"。
The oceans do not so much divide the world as unite it.
 
16. "Nothing is more…than"和"Nothing is so …as"结构,"Nothing is more…than"和"Nothing is so …as"都具有最高级比较的意思,"Nothing I"可换用"no","nobody","nowhere","little","few","hardly","scarcely"等等,可译为"没有……比……更为","像……再没有了","最……"等。
Nothing is more precious than time.
 
17. "cannot…too…"结构,"cannot…too…"意为"It is impossible to overdo…"或者,即"无论怎样……也不算过分"。"not"可换用"hardly","scarcely"等,"too"可换用"enough","sufficient"等
You cannot be too careful.
 
18. "否定+but "结构,在否定词后面的"but",具有"which not","who not","that not",等等否定意义,构成前后的双重否定。可译成"没有……不是"或"……都……"等
Nothing is so bad but it might have been worse.
 
19. "否定+until (till)"结构,在否定词"no","not","never","little","few","seldom"等的后边所接用的"until/till",多数情况下译为"直到……才……","要……才……",把否定译为肯定。
Nobody knows what he can do till he has tried.
 
20. "not so…but"和"not such a …but"结构,这两个结构和"否定+but"的结构差不多,不同之点是这两个结构中的"but"是含有"that…not"意味的连续词,表示程度。可译为"还没有……到不能做……的程度","并不是……不……","无论怎样……也不是不能……"等。
He is not so sick but he can come to school.

21. "疑问词+should…but "结构,这个结构表示过去的意外的事,意为"none…but",可译为"除了……还有谁会……","岂料","想不到……竟是……"等。
Who should write it but himself?
 
22. "who knows but (that)…"和"who could should…but"结构,这个结构是反问形式,一般意译为"多半","亦未可知"等等,有时也可直译。
Who knows but (that) he may go?

23. "祈使句+and"和"祈使句+or"结构,"祈使句+and"表示"If…you…","祈使名+or"表示"if…not…,you。
Add love to a house and you have a home. Add righteousness to a city and you have a community. Add truth to a pile of red brick and you have a school.
 
24. "名词+and"结构,在这个结构中,名词等于状语从句,或表示条件,或表示时间。
A word, and he would lose his temper.

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2010-08-10 14:27 编辑:juliatt
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