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【听力辅导】四级对话部分考点分类与应试技巧一

所属:四六级英语 作者:webmaster 阅读:2504 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

否定关系(Negation)
特点:要求考生对肯定和否定加以判断。

常见的提问方式有:
What do we learn from the conversation?
What is the man’s opinion of ...?

常见的否定词及含有否定意义的词和词组:no, not any, not...at all, little, few, without, not...until, no sooner...than, no one, none, nobody, never, nothing, neither, nor, hardly, rarely, instead of, deny, fail, refuse, ignore, dislike, overlook, miss, doubt, other than, seldom, lack, against, far from, short of, too ... to等。
否定形式是四级必考要点,也是考生失分率比较高的地方,考生须注意:在正常的语速下,can和can’t的读音差别不是太大,有时很难区分。这里,提醒考生表示肯定的情态动词或助动词一般弱读,而表示否定的情态动词或助动词要重读。因此,can读成[k��n],can’t读成[k��nt]。这是考生在听力考试时区分肯定句与否定句的技巧之一。然而,在听力考试中,考完全否定的形式并不多见。也就是说部分否定、双重否定、否定转移和暗示否定这类需要考生动脑绕一个小圈子的题型倒是听力考试中的重点,考生须切记!
例如:
A. 一般否定形式:
M: How did you like yesterday’s play?
W: Generally speaking, it was quite good. The part of secretary was played wonderfully, but I think the man who played the boss was too dramatic to be realistic.
Q: How does the woman feel about the man? (2001年6月试题10)
[A] He played his part quite well. [B] He was not dramatic enough.
[C] He performed better than the secretary.[D] He exaggerated his part.
答案是[D] 本题考查考生对否定短语too...to的理解。对话中男士问女士认为昨天的戏怎样,女士答到:“总的说来,还不错。秘书的角色演得很出色,但是我觉得老板演得太戏剧化了,缺乏真实性。”问题是:女士认为演老板的男人演得如何?对话中“太戏剧化、不真实”与选项[D]“他夸大了他的角色” 意义符合。而选择[A]、[B]、[C]的考生可能是对否定短语too...to不熟悉,或是没听懂dramatic,realistic这两个单词造成的。
B. 特殊否定形式
特殊否定形式包括全部否定,部分否定、双重否定和含蓄否定。全部否定是指句中有表示全部否定的词 (no, never, none, nothing, nobody, nor, neither等); 部分否定是指句中有all, every, many, always等与not 构成否定的结构,它的意思是“不是全都、并非每个”等;双重否定是指一个句子中有两个否定概念来表达肯定的意思。如:
W: Excuse me, sir. You are not supposed to be here. This area is for airport staff only.
M: I’m sorry. I didn’t notice the sign.
Q: What do we learn from the conversation? (1999年6月试题1)
[A] The woman feels sorry for the man.[B] The man is a member of the staff.
[C] The area is for passengers only. [D] The woman is asking the man to leave.
答案是[D]。 该题的关键内容在于女士说的 You are not supposed to be here. This area is for airport staff only.意为:你不应该呆在这里,该区域仅供机场职员使用。显然女士使用的是含蓄否定,委婉地要求男士离开。

 

12
2010-08-10 10:37 编辑:juliatt
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