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成年人学法语之建议

所属:成长励志 作者:网络转载 阅读:5508 次 评论:1 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

成年人学法语跟小孩子不一样。小孩子凭直觉学语言,不用人教语法,发音和词汇。学习母语的时候,孩子们没有另一种语言可拿来与之比较,他们通常也是这样学习第二门语言的。
Learning French as an adult is not the same thing as learning it as a child. Children pick up language intuitively, without having to be taught grammar, pronunciation, and vocabulary. When learning their first language, they have nothing to compare it to, and they can often learn a second language the same way.
成年人则不然,他们倾向于把正在学习的语言和自己的母语作比较,去学习其中的相同点和不同点。成年人常常想知道某个事物在新的语言里为什么是这么表述的,人们往往会回答“因为就是这么说的”,他又容易因此而沮丧。但另一方面看,成年人也有一个很大的优势,那就是他们带着某种目的而选择学习一门语言(旅行,工作,兴趣),有兴趣的学习对真正学好一样东西大有帮助。
Adults, on the other hand, tend to learn a language by comparing it to their native language - learning about similarities and differences. Adults often want to know why something is said a certain way in the new language, and tend to be frustrated by the usual response "that's just the way it is." On the other hand, adults have an important advantage in that they choose to learn a language for some reason (travel, work, interest) and being interested in learning something is very helpful in one's ability to actually learn it.
总之,任何人都可以学习法语,不管他年纪多大。我收到过各年龄段的成年法语学习者的电子邮件,其中包括一位85岁的妇女。永远都不会太迟!
The bottom line is that it is not impossible for anyone to learn French, no matter what their age. I've received emails from adults of all ages who are learning French - including a woman of 85. It's never too late!
以下是一些能够帮助已成年的你学习法语的指导方针。
Here are some guidelines that can help you learn French as an adult.
学什么,怎么学
What and How to Learn
首先了解你真正想学的是什么,应该学的是什么
Start learning what you actually want and need to know
如果你想去法国旅行,就学旅游法语(机场词汇,求助用语)。如果你学法语是为了能和住在街边的法国女人聊天,那就学基本词汇(招呼,数字) 以及如何谈论自己和他人,好恶,家庭等。一旦你为了这些目标,学会必要基础后,就可以学习跟自己的知识及经历相关的法语了——你的工作,兴趣,由此再推及其他方面的法语。
If you're planning a trip to France, learn travel French (airport vocabulary, asking for help). On the other hand, if you're learning French because you want to be able to chat with the French woman who lives down the street, learn basic vocabulary (greetings, numbers) and how to talk about yourself and others - likes and dislikes, family, etc. Once you've learned the basics for your purpose, you can start learning French related to your knowledge and experiences - your job, your interests, and from there onto other aspects of French.
选择最适合你的学习方法
Learn the way that works best for you
如果你觉得学习语法有效,你就学语法。如果语法打击你的信心,你就试着从对话方面寻找突破口。如果你觉得教材太让人生畏,就试着读读儿童书。试着做词汇表,如果这对你有帮助,很棒;如果没有帮助,就尝试其他方法,比如在家里的每样东西上都贴上标签或者做一些小卡片。不要相信别人告诉你的学习只有一条正道的论调。
If you find that learning grammar is useful, learn that way. If grammar just frustrates you, try a more conversational approach. If you find textbooks daunting, try a book for kids. Try making lists of vocabulary - if that helps you, great; if not, try another approach, like labeling everything in your house or making flash cards. Don't let anyone tell you that there is only one right way to learn.
重复是关键
Repetition is key
你需要学习或练习几遍甚至多遍以掌握一样东西,除非你过目不忘。你可以重复练习,回答同样的问题,听同样的音频文件到觉得很顺耳为止。特别需要指出,重复多遍地听和跟读效果是非常好的,它能同时帮助你提高听力,口语以及语音。
Unless you have a photographic memory, you're going to need to learn and practice things a few or even many times before you know them. You can repeat exercises, answer the same questions, listen to the same sound files until you feel comfortable with them. In particular, listening and repeating many times is very good - this will help you improve your listening comprehension, speaking skills, and accent all at once.
结伴学习
Learn together
很多人觉得跟别人一起学习能够帮自己走上正轨。可以考虑报个班,请家教或者和孩子配偶或朋友一起学。
Many people find that learning with others helps keep them on track. Consider taking a class; hiring a private tutor; or learning along with your child, spouse, or friend.
每日学习
Daily learning
如果每周学一小时,你能真正学到多少东西?养成每天至少花15~20分钟学习和/或练习法语的习惯。
How much can you really learn in an hour a week? Make a habit of spending at least 15-30 minutes a day learning and/or practicing.
学习的升华
Above and beyond
要记住语言和文化是并行的。法语学习远不限于学动词和各类词汇,它还包括了解法国人民和他们的艺术,音乐……更不用说世界上其他法语国家的文化了。
Remember that language and culture go hand in hand. Learning French is more than just verbs and vocabulary; it's also about the French people and their art, music... - not to mention the cultures of other francophone countries around the world.
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2010-07-07 23:16 编辑:kuaileyingyu
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