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美国加州小城外包全部公共服务

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The small southern California city of Maywood has hit on a unique solution to its budget crisis. Crushed by the recession and falling tax revenues, the city is disbanding its police force and firing all public sector employees.
美国加州南部小城Maywood找到了解决预算危机的独特办法。由于经济衰退和税收收入下降的冲击,该市将解散警局,并解雇所有公共部门雇员。

Maywood has opted for an extreme solution, by contracting out all public services, including the most basic, to save cash. But it is not alone.
Maywood选择了一种极端的解决办法——它把所有的公共服务(包括最基本的服务)都外包出去,以节约资金。但并非只有该市才采取这种做法。

States around the US are cutting costs wherever possible as they prepare budgets for the fiscal year that starts this week for most of them. Their combined deficit is projected to reach $112bn by June 2011.
在编制本财年(大多数州从本周开始)预算之际,美国各州都在尽可能削减成本。到2011年6月,它们的赤字总额预计将达到1120亿美元。

Local government activities, such as funding police, school buildings, fire departments, parks and social programmes, are in the line of fire.
为警局、学校建筑、消防部门、公园和社会项目拨款等地方政府活动,都在取消之列。

“We are where the rubber meets the road,” said Sam Olivito, of the California Contract Cities Association, which represents cities that outsource public services. “Local government is the fabric of our nation – it's what keeps everything working properly.”
加州外包城市协会(California Contract Cities Association)的山姆•奥利维托(Sam Olivito)表示:“我们是真正重要的环节。地方政府是国家的结构——它使一切正常运转。”加州外包城市协会代表着外包公共服务的各城市。

The biggest state deficit is in California, which has a $19bn hole in its finances. A series of contentious spending cuts is being debated in the state.
美国预算赤字最高的州是加州——其财政窟窿高达190亿美元。该州正就一系列存在争议的支出削减措施进行辩论。

But for Maywood time has run out: the city's insurance costs spiked because of long-running problems associated with its police department, while revenue from property and sales taxes declined. When city officials failed to respond to conditions imposed by its insurers, coverage was withdrawn.
但是对于Maywood而言,已经没有时间了:由于警局长期存在的问题,该市的保险成本大幅飙升,同时来自房地产和销售的税收下降。当城市官员未能回应保险公司提出的条件时,后者就不再提供保险。

Despite its problems, Maywood's experience could be repeated elsewhere. “A lot of cities and municipalities are struggling to make ends meet,” said Mark Baldassare, president of the Public Policy Institute of California.
尽管问题重重,但Maywood的经历可能在其它地方重复。加州公共政策研究所(Public Policy Institute of California)所长马克•巴尔达萨雷 (Mark Baldassare)表示:“许多城市难以实现收支平衡。”

While Californian cities and municipalities grapple with a drop in income – sales and property taxes have fallen by as much as 40 per cent, according to Mr Olivito – the state is considering a range of revenue- raising measures to tackle its deficit.
在加州各城市尽力应对收入下降问题时——奥利维托称,来自销售和房地产的税收下降了约40%——该州也在考虑一系列的增收措施以解决其赤字问题。

标签:加州 美国
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2010-06-29 15:33 编辑:kuaileyingyu
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