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Let’s review some good lifestyle options we can follow to maintain, and improve, our vibrant brains.
1. 了解。 在“使用它或失去它”中,“它”是什么。基本的了解将有助于你去欣赏你的大脑作为活的并不断发展的有上亿神经元和突触的茂密森林的美丽。
Learn what is the “It” in “Use It or Lose It”. A basic understanding will serve you well to appreciate your brain’s beauty as a living and constantly-developing dense forest with billions of neurons and synapses.
2. 注意你的营养。 你是否知道大脑仅占身体总重的2%却要消耗我们摄入的氧气和营养的20%以上? 作为一般规则,你不需要昂贵的超精密的营养品,只要确定你没有用“坏的东西”填充自己。
Take care of your nutrition. Did you know that the brain only weighs 2% of body mass but consumes over 20% of the oxygen and nutrients we intake? As a general rule, you don’t need expensive ultra-sophisticated nutritional supplements, just make sure you don’t stuff yourself with the “bad stuff”.
3. 记住大脑是身体的一部分。 凡是锻炼身体的东西也能帮助提升你的大脑:体育锻炼增强了神经。
Remember that the brain is part of the body. Things that exercise your body can also help sharpen your brain: physical exercise enhances neurogenesis.
4. 正面的实践,面向未来的想法直到这成为你默认的心态并且你以积极的方式来期待每一天。压力和焦虑,不管它们是由外部事情还是你自己的想法引起了,实际上都会杀死神经元并阻止新的生成。你可以把慢性应激行为作为锻炼的反面:它会阻止新的神经元的生成。
Practice positive, future-oriented thoughts until they become your default mindset and you look forward to every new day in a constructive way. Stress and anxiety, no matter whether induced by external events or by your own thoughts, actually kills neurons and prevent the creation of new ones. You can think of chronic stress as the opposite of exercise: it prevents the creation of new neurons.
5. 喜欢学习和脑力挑战。 大脑存在的原因就是去学习和适应新环境的挑战。一旦新的神经元出现在你的大脑,它们待在脑中哪里存活多久取决于你怎么使用它们。“使用它或失去它”并不等于“做纵横填字数字游戏1,234,567”。 它意味着,“用根本新的活动来挑战你的大脑”。
Thrive on Learning and Mental Challenges. The point of having a brain is precisely to learn and to adapt to challenging new environments. Once new neurons appear in your brain, where they stay in your brain and how long they survive depends on how you use them. “Use It or Lose It” does not mean “do crossword puzzle number 1,234,567″. It means, “challenge your brain often with fundamentally new activities”.
6. 就我们所知,我们是在这个地球上唯一能自我指导的生物。高目标。 一旦你大学毕业,继续学习。大脑持续发展,不管你的年龄,它反映的是你用它来做什么。
We are (as far as we know) the only self-directed organisms in this planet. Aim high. Once you graduate from college, keep learning. The brain keeps developing, no matter your age, and it reflects what you do with it.
Explore, travel. Adapting to new locations forces you to pay more attention to your environment. Make new decisions, use your brain.
8. 不要外包你的大脑。 不要给媒体人士,不要给政治家,不要给你聪明的邻居。。。自己决定对错,并从中学习。这样,你是在训练你的大脑,而不是你邻居的。
Don’t Outsource Your Brain. Not to media personalities, not to politicians, not to your smart neighbour… Make your own decisions, and mistakes. And learn from them. That way, you are training your brain, not your neighbour’s.
9. 发展和保持促进友谊。我们是“社会动物”,我们需要社会互动。这就是为什么“小小爱因斯坦”已被证明不是儿童发展的灵丹妙药。
Develop and maintain stimulating friendships. We are “social animals”, and need social interaction. Which, by the way, is why ‘Baby Einstein’ has been shown not to be the panacea for children development.
10. 经常大笑。 特别是认知复杂的幽默,充满曲折和惊喜。更好,努力成为下一个乔恩斯图尔特。
Laugh. Often. Especially to cognitively complex humor, full of twists and surprises. Better, try to become the next Jon Stewart
Now, remember that what counts is not reading this article-or any other-, but practicing a bit every day until small steps snowball into unstoppable, internalized habits…so, pick your next battle and try to start improving at least one of these 10 habits today!
标签:习惯 用脑
2010-04-01 19:26 编辑:kuaileyingyu
  • tyratong 说:

    I was depressed morning until I read this article.I realise I shouldn't let the chore bother me that kill my brain neuro,I should use my brain wisely.My biggest wish is I can be a wise lady forever,so from now on,I need to cheer me up keep positive

    2010-04-02 10:07 回复 支持(0) 反对(0) 沙发
  • Guest 说:

    tyratong hope you will be happy,Whatever happened ,just be happy.ha.

    2010-04-02 22:17 回复 支持(0) 反对(0) 板凳
  • Guest 说:

    sounds great !thanks …

    2010-04-21 13:08 回复 支持(0) 反对(0) 地板
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