A study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences looked at the survival rates of men, woman and children from Titanic and the Lusitania, and found more men stayed alive when the ship went down fast, and panic overtook chivalry.
When an ocean liner starts taking on water, what governs whether it's "women and children first" or "every man for himself" ? According to a report in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, men's altruistic versus self-serving behavior depends on how quickly the ship sinks.
在1912年4月14日，泰坦尼克号撞上冰山，到它完全沉没，历时近三个小时。 大约有1500人丧生， 幸存下来的人大多是女性或年幼者。 这次海难中，女性幸存的几率要比男性高50%，而孩子幸存的几率则要比成人高15%。
On April 14th, 1912, the Titanic hit an iceberg and took nearly three hours to slip beneath the waves. Some 1,500 people perished. And the survivors tended to be female or young. The Titanic's women were over 50 percent more likely to make it than were the males, and children had a 15 percent better chance of being rescued than adults.
But kids were not as lucky on the Lusitania, which three years later sank just 18 minutes after being hit by a German torpedo. In this situation it truly was survival of the fittest, with healthy young males being the most likely to live to tell the tale.
While passengers on the Lusitania panicked and scrambled for survival, scientists say that those on the Titanic had enough time to override their animal survival instincts and do the chivalrous thing.
2010-03-03 21:08 编辑：kuaileyingyu
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