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震级更强,遇难更少——智利地震与海地地震的初步比较

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今晨,袭击智利海岸的地震比先前一月份发生在海地太子港的地震要强100倍,但截至到我写稿的此时,初步统计出的死亡人数在120人左右,比海地低了好几个数量级。尽管随着时间的推移,伤亡人数可能会进一步的攀升,但发生在海地已导致23万人死亡的大破坏局面并不会在智利重演。为什么会这样呢?
Yes, the quake that struck the coast of Chile this morning was about 100 times stronger than the quake that devastated Port-au-Prince in early January. But initial reports put the death toll in the very low three digits—120 as I’m writing this. And while that number is certain to climb in the hours and days ahead, no one is expecting the calamitous destruction and loss of life that we’ve seen in Haiti, where 230,000 are already dead. How can that be?
有以下几个原因,首先最明显的一条就是,智利的建筑质量要远远好过海地。地震学家有句很流行的说法即:地震不伤人,伤人的是建筑。智利的建筑质量不错,为了防御可能的地震,使用的建筑材料要更好,建筑工人的技能也更为熟练。这些建筑都具备更强的抵抗地震的能力,强震来临的时候坍塌的很少,因此死亡的人数也就越少。
A few reasons. First and most obvious, the construction in Chile is far better than construction in Haiti. A popular saying among seismologists is that “earthquakes don’t kill people, buildings do.” Chile’s buildings are better built, with better materials, higher-skilled laborers, and an eye toward earthquake resistance. They are therefore more earthquake-resistant. Many fewer of them collapsed, so fewer people died.
第二个原因在于智利是个对地震见惯不怪的国家,它跟海地不一样。在智利,有一批人专门从事被称为“地震感知”的防震准备工作。这个国家位于太平洋构造板块与南美板块的交界处,平均每年都要经历一次8级左右的地震。正如几家媒体提到的那样,史上有记录的最强的9.9级地震就发生在同一区域。从全球范围看,8.8级或者更高的强震都是相当罕见的,但智利却很容易落上这样震级的地震。大震来临后,智利官方在接受CNN采访时似乎相当冷静和镇定(这与海地的骚乱和恐惧形成了鲜明的比照)。
The second reason is that, unlike Haiti, Chile is accustomed to earthquakes. It has what those who work in disaster preparedness call “earthquake consciousness.” The country sits at the boundaries of the Pacific and South American tectonic plates, and it experiences an average of one magnitude-8 quake a year. As several media outlets have already noted, the largest earthquake ever recorded, a 9.9, occurred in the same region. Globally, quakes of 8.8 or higher are pretty rare. But if there’s any country that would be expecting one, it’s Chile. Chilean officials being interviewed on CNN seem awfully calm and collected (especially compared with the chaos and dread in Haiti) for the day of a huge temblor.
地震引发了沿太平洋国家对海啸的担忧。智利地震激起了海水的波动,但在海啸可能冲击的地区如俄勒冈、夏威夷、阿拉斯加和一些沿海国家,都在其沿海建立起了海啸早期预警系统,这些系统会在海啸到达前的几个小时通知海边居民。
A corollary is the tsunami consciousness all around the Pacific rim. The Chile quake launched a wave, but early-warning systems installed on the beaches it is expected to strike—Oregon, Hawaii, Alaska, and perhaps nations across the ocean—will notify seaside inhabitants of the danger hours before the wave arrives.
智利,或者是其他国家做好了积极应对地震的准备工作,现在发生的地震只不过是触发了这些长期的应对程序,这些程序应当随时可以执行。例如建立临时的避难所,伤员立即得到妥善的治疗,使遇难的人数降到最低。由于以前经历过相同的遭遇,智利有很多的救灾设备可用,懂得如何使用设备的人也很多,这样清理瓦砾的速度大大提高了,受害者很快就可以被挖出来。所以即便智利遭受更大的地震打击,也不会出现发生在海地那样的局面。
That wary preparedness, in Chile and elsewhere, means the earthquake triggered well-worn protocols that will be implemented in the hours and days ahead. Prefabricated shelters will be erected, injuries will be treated promptly, and fewer people will suffer and die as a result. Having been through this before, Chile has equipment available—and people who know how to use it—to clear rubble and dig victims out of the rubble right away. So while it may have suffered the greater shakeup, the consequences won’t look anything like Haiti's.
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2010-03-02 19:50 编辑:kuaileyingyu
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  • Guest 说:

    能不能翻译一下

    2010-03-04 13:42 回复 支持(0) 反对(0) 沙发
  • Guest 说:

    很实用的阅读题型

    2010-03-04 20:01 回复 支持(0) 反对(0) 板凳
  • Guest 说:

    so good!

    2010-03-06 14:12 回复 支持(0) 反对(0) 地板
  • Guest 说:

    Yes, the quake that struck the coast of Chile this morning was about 100 times stronger than the quake that devastated Port-au-Prince in early January. But initial reports put the death toll in the very low three digits—120 as I’m writing this. And while that number is certain to climb in the hours and days ahead, no one is expecting the calamitous destruction and loss of life that we’ve seen in Haiti, where 230,000 are already dead. How can that be?

    A few reasons. First and most obvious, the construction in Chile is far better than construction in Haiti. A popular saying among seismologists is that “earthquakes don’t kill people, buildings do.” Chile’s buildings are better built, with better materials, higher-skilled laborers, and an eye toward earthquake resistance. They are therefore more earthquake-resistant. Many fewer of them collapsed, so fewer people died.

    The second reason is that, unlike Haiti, Chile is accustomed to earthquakes. It has what those who work in disaster preparedness call “earthquake consciousness.” The country sits at the boundaries of the Pacific and South American tectonic plates, and it experiences an average of one magnitude-8 quake a year. As several media outlets have already noted, the largest earthquake ever recorded, a 9.9, occurred in the same region. Globally, quakes of 8.8 or higher are pretty rare. But if there’s any country that would be expecting one, it’s Chile. Chilean officials being interviewed on CNN seem awfully calm and collected (especially compared with the chaos and dread in Haiti) for the day of a huge temblor.

    A corollary is the tsunami consciousness all around the Pacific rim. The Chile quake launched a wave, but early-warning systems installed on the beaches it is expected to strike—Oregon, Hawaii, Alaska, and perhaps nations across the ocean—will notify seaside inhabitants of the danger hours before the wave arrives.

    That wary preparedness, in Chile and elsewhere, means the earthquake triggered well-worn protocols that will be implemented in the hours and days ahead. Prefabricated shelters will be erected, injuries will be treated promptly, and fewer people will suffer and die as a result. Having been through this before, Chile has equipment available—and people who know how to use it—to clear rubble and dig victims out of the rubble right away. So while it may have suffered the greater shakeup, the consequences won’t look anything like Haiti's.

    2010-03-06 19:38 回复 支持(0) 反对(0) 4 楼
  • Guest 说:

    Oh,no,I am sorry!(The paper NO1)

    2010-03-06 19:39 回复 支持(0) 反对(0) 5 楼
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