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抑郁症前兆

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很多人都知道抑郁症的精神症状,但是你可能不清楚抑郁症也可能是一些身体病症的原因。
Most of us know about the emotional symptoms of depression. But you may not know that depression can be associated with many physical symptoms, too.
实际上很多抑郁症患者都经历了慢性病和其他身体疾病的折磨。这些疾病包括:
In fact, many people with depression suffer from chronic pain or other physical symptoms. These include:
1.头痛。 头痛是抑郁症患者比较普遍的身体病症。如果你已经患有偏头痛了,那么当你感到压抑的时候,头痛很能会加重。
1.Headaches.These are fairly common in people with depression. If you already had migraine headaches, they may seem worse if you're depressed.
2.背部疼痛。同样,当你已经患有背疼的疾病,抑郁症会加重它。
2.Back pain.If you already suffer with back pain, it may be worse if you become depressed.
3.肌肉疼痛和关节痛。抑郁症能加重任何一种慢性疾病。
3.Muscle aches and joint pain.Depression can make any kind of chronic pain worse.
4.胸部疼痛。显然,患有胸部疼痛的病人应该立即请专家检查。这可能是严重的心脏病的征兆。但是抑郁也会造成胸部疼痛的难受感。
4.Chest pain.Obviously, it's very important to get chest pain checked out by an expert right away. It can be a sign of serious heart problems. But depression can contribute to the discomfort associated with chest pain.
5.消化问题。你可能感觉恶心反胃。也可能患上腹泻或者慢性便秘。
5.Digestive problems.You might feel queasy or nauseous. You might have diarrhea or become chronically constipated.
6.疲劳。不管你睡了多久,始终感觉自己很累,精疲力尽。早晨起床变得很困难,甚至像是不可能的。
6.Exhaustion and fatigue.No matter how much you sleep, you may still feel tired or worn out. Getting out of the bed in the morning may seem very hard, even impossible.
7.睡眠问题。很多患有抑郁症的人再也无法睡好觉了。他们醒来的太早,上床后也无法很快入睡。另外一些患者睡得比一般人多得多。
7.Sleeping problems.Many people with depression can't sleep well anymore. They wake up too early or can't fall asleep when they go to bed. Others sleep much more than normal.
8.胃口或体重变化。一些抑郁症患者会没有胃口,体重减轻。另外一些则发现自己特别想吃某些事物,比如糖类,然后体重增加。
8.Change in appetite or weight.Some people with depression lose their appetite and lose weight. Others find they crave certain foods -- like carbohydrates -- and weigh more.
9.头晕或者目眩。
9.Dizzinessor lightheadedness.
因为这些症状会在很多情况下出现,所有不少抑郁症患者没有得到有效的治疗,因为他们压根不知道这些症状源自抑郁。很多医生也忽略了这点。
Because these symptoms occur with many conditions, many depressed people never get help, because they don't know that their physical symptoms might be caused by depression. A lot of doctors miss the symptoms, too.
这些物理症状并不是都“在你的脑袋里”。抑郁症能引起身体的变化,比如,使你的消化过程减慢,从而导致胃病。
These physical symptoms aren't "all in your head." Depression can cause real changes in your body. For instance, it can slow down your digestion, which can result in stomach problems.
抑郁症似乎与大脑中某种化学物质的不平衡有关。这些物质中的一些对于人的疼痛感起至关重要的作用。所以,很多专家认为抑郁症会使你感觉疼痛的方式与别人不同。
Depression seems to be related to an imbalance of certain chemicals in your brain. Some of these same chemicals play an important role in how you feel pain. So many experts think that depression can make you feel pain differently than other people.
症状的治疗
Treating Physical Symptoms
在一些个案里,特殊治疗,或者服药,或者两者都用,将能解决这些抑郁症的身体病症。
In some cases, treating your depression -- with therapy or medicine or both -- will resolve your physical symptoms.
但是,一定要将你的身体症状告诉你的医生。不要觉得它们会自己好起来。它们可能需要特殊的治疗。比如,如果你有失眠症的话,你的医生会建议开给你抗焦虑的药物。这些药能帮助你放松,使你获得好的睡眠质量。
But make sure to tell your health care provider about any physical symptoms. Don't assume they'll go away on their own. They may need additional treatment. For instance, your doctor may suggest an antianxiety medicine if you have insomnia. Those drugs help you relax and may allow you to sleep better.
因为疼痛和抑郁相伴而生,所以有的时候缓解疼痛可能有益于缓解抑郁症。反而言之,一些抗抑郁剂,如Cymbalta 和Effexor,也会缓解慢性疼痛。
Since pain and depression go together, sometimes easing your pain may help with your depression. Some antidepressants, such as Cymbalta and Effexor, may help with chronic pain, too.
其他的治疗对这些症状也有效果。某些集中疗法,比如认知行为的疗法能教你更好地对待这些疼痛的办法。
Other treatments can also help with painful symptoms. Certain types of focused therapy -- like cognitive behavioral -- can teach you ways to cope better with the pain.
标签:抑郁症 前兆
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2010-01-29 20:27 编辑:kuaileyingyu
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